Loathsome, odious or detestable.
For a specific purpose or end; formed for immediate or present need. This Latin phrase translates literally to "for this purpose".
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
A visible symbol representing an abstract idea
Reference to a well-known person place or thing from history
Uncertainty or indecisiveness
to improve or make better
Strongly attracted or disposed to love, especially sexual love
Comparison of two similar but different things
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Bitter dislike directed toward someone or something.
The presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by a word, phrase, clause or paragraphs.
A short often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life
Feeling intense rage or fury to the point of virtual paralysis; relating to a stroke
a judge who decides a disputed issue
To make something less painful or severe; to lessen the intensity of; to mitigate.
Commas used (with no conjunctions) to separate a series of words. The parts are emphasized equally when the conjunction is omitted; in addition, the use of commas with no intervening conjunction speeds up the flow of the sentence.
To cheat or steal.
To confuse, perplex or bewilder. To stupefy as if with alcoholic drinks.
Warlike, aggressive, hostile
To speak at length in a pompous or boastful manner.
Harsh, awkward or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite of euphony.
further explanation to prevent misinterpretation or to add warning
Embarrassment, dismay, humiliation
Discipline, criticize severely
Cautious, prudent, wary; taking all circumstances into account.
To split or penetrate; to cling or be faithful.
Convincing, plausible, reasonable, persuasive.
Quality of a peice of writhing
A word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing.
a series of things depending on each other as if linked together
Language that describes specific, observable things
a fit of violent emotion
Implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association in the reader's mind
To proclaim as sacred, hallow; to set aside or declare to be holy.
To confirm or increase in certainty
a brilliantly executed plan
disappointed; depressed; dejected
pivotal point in an argument
To enfeeble or weaken.
a downward slope or bend
The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example.
Having regressed or descended to a lower state.
Criticize; defame;disparage. Cause to seem less serious play down.
Feeling dejected, disheartened, hopeless
state of disuse
Word choice, an element of style
Writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach. The work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns. This type of writing may be fiction or nonfiction that teaches a specific less
movement away from main point
The removal of ambiguity; clarification.
Confuse or upset.
Spoken or Written language, including literary works; the four traditionally classified modes of discourse are description, exposition, narration and persuasion.
To speak or write negatively of
Harsh or grating sounds that do not go together. on or moral or provides a model of correct behavior or thinking.
Hard, severe, cruel. From Draco, a politician of ancient Athens whose codified laws were notorious for their severity, such as death for minor offenses.
force into compliance
pleasing to the ear or sweet to the taste
bursting with great enthusiasm
Not conventional; a little kooky; irregular
Shameless audacity; rank impudence.
emotionally unrestrained; gushy
Outstanding, usually in the negative sense. Outrageously bad.
To strive to match or better by means of imitation
Something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
Boredom, lack of interest.
To articulate or pronounce
The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme.
Repetition of a word or expression at the end of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect (as Lincoln's "of the people, by the people, for the people"). Compare to anaphora.
To speak ambiguously or evasively, in such a way as to avoid taking a position; hedge.
understood, known by or intended for a few
A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable. "He went to his final reward" for "he died."
A succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose; the opposite of cacophony.
A feeling of great happiness or well-being.
Literally, to disembowel. More commonly, to remove vital parts from something or make it virtually meaningless.
to free from guilt or blame
The art of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text. It usually involves close reading and special attention to figurative language.
A sustained comparison, often referred to as a conceit. The extended metaphor is developed through a piece of writing.
playful; wryly humorous
When two cases are not sufficiently parallel to Iend readers to accept a claim or connection between them.
A social error or social blunder. A false step in correctness.
Ineffectual, ineffective, incompetent, weak.
A sLanguage that contains figures of speech such as smilies and metaphors
A narrator referred to as I who is a character in the story
an excessively talkative person
Bewilder; baffle; confuse.
Accidental; occurring by chance
Sentence consisting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjunctions.
The full range of extent
When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable.
Polite, refined, stylish or graceful in manner.
given freely; unearned; unwarranted
Unnecessary. Something that is excessive.
Extremely outgoing, sociable.
arrogant; vainly proud
Different. Consisting of utterly dissimilar parts or styles.
Deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis.
Words or phrases that use collection of images to appeal to one or more of the five senses to create a mental picture.
A complicated disagreement; a confused or chaotic situation. From the Italian "imbrogliare," meaning to tangle.
not perceptible to the touch
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
Marked by extreme calm; serene.
Impenetrable, impossible to alter of affect.
Impulsive; rash or sudden action
(Adj.) Implied or understood though not expressed directly.
to beseech or beg
Lacking sense, silly
Not fitting in with the rest of the whole.
Tireless; endlessly persistent.
Apathetic, having no marked feeling for or against
to instruct, esp in basic skills
The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization.
uninteresting and unchallenging
To overwhelm, to floor, to swamp
Verbally abusive attack.
Reversing the customary (subject first, then verb, then complement) order of elements in a sentence or phrase; it is used effectively in many cases, such as posing a question: "Are you going to the store?" Usually, the element that appears first is emphasized more than the subject.
A situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected.
The special language of a profession or group
A long and mournful story, often prophesying doom or at least decrying the sad state of society. From the Biblical "Lamentations," attributed to the prophet Jeremiah.
Tearful; deeply gloomy; mournful.
lacking in life, spirit, or zest
A third person who reports only the thoughts of only one character and what he sees.
A mistake in reasoning.
Talkative, especially when excessively so.
(Adj.) Absurd to the point of being laughable. Something that is obviously implausible or impractical could be considered -----
Extremely mournful or gloomy.
use of wrong word usually misspelled(mosaic vs prosaic.....)
Wrongdoing, misconduct or misbehavior, especially by a public official.
Easily shaped or reformed
Excessively careful. Describes one who is concerned with the details of something.
to cause to become less severe or intense
What the reader feels
having many sides, dimensions or facets
a good-for-nothing person
Sentence that begins by stating what is NOT true, then ending by stating what is true.
Latin for "it does not follow." When one statement isn't logically connected to another.
confusion or to confuse
A third party narrator who only reports what would be visible to a camera
slanting, indirect, evasive, devious, misleading
Overly deferential or attentive; fawningly submissive.
Dull. Slow to the uptake.
state of disgrace from hate
Third person referred to as he she or they who can see into peoples minds
exhibiting a display of great wealth
harden like bone; become set in one's ways
Excessively conspicuous; showing off.
When a writer obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument.
Distinctive, often flamboyant, style or action. Verve.
A statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have rational meaning, as in this quotation from Henry David Thoreau; "I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude."
phrases or sentences of a similar construction
Outcast; someone to be avoided.
A work that ridicules the style of another by imitating and exaggerating its elements. It can be utterly mocking or gently humorous. It depends on allusion and exaggerates and distorts the original style and content.
To treat as an inferior; to condescend to.
expressing remorse for deeds done
prolong memory or use of something
dreamlike state with real and imagined elements
Not easily excited or upset; calm and composed. I a pejorative sense, apathetic or indifferent.
of very little value; trivial
short but full of meaning
To pacify; to appease; to calm someone or something down. The teacher tried to placate the angry parent by explaining his grading.
Point of View
The perspective of a story
Sentence which uses and or another conjunction (with no commas) to separate the items in a series.
To issue an authoritative decree (as a pontiff or pope might). It is often done in an egocentric manner.
To speak in a pompous, arrogant or dogmatic manner.
Practical. Something or someone that is practical and uses common sense.
to multiply rapidly
To make known or public; to put into effect by publishing, as a regulation.
to drink with vigor
visionary but unrealistic
a person who tells stories with wit and skill
When a writer raises an irrelevant issue to draw attention away from the real issue.
Reductio ad Absurdum
The Latin for "to reduce to the absurd." This is a technique useful in creating a comic effect and is also an argumentative technique. It is considered a rhetorical fallacy because it reduces an argument to an either/or choice.
Abhorrent. That which is morally inexcusable is -------------.
Disown; disavow or refuse any connection of oneself to something or someone. Her mother disavowed any connection to her daughter after her daughter's arrest.
Marked by the ability to recover readily, as from misfortune, rebound
Reserved. Someone who prefers silence to conversation in social settings.
the art of persuasion
One that does not expect an explicit answer. It is used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience.
intricate and tedious set of procedures
Keen discernment or insight; sound judgment.
Harsh, caustic personal remarks to or about someone; less subtle than irony.
scornfully mocking; disdainfully humorous
Poke fun to make change
Seriousness; ritualistic dignity; ceremoniousness.
When a writer argues against a claim that nobody actually holds or is universally considered weak. Setting up a straw man diverts attention from the real issues.
Stream of Consciousness
Places the reader inside a characters head
An authors manner of expression
Brief, compact; to the point. The speaker needed to be more succinct since the audience grew increasingly bored.
Extravagant, lavish, luxurious.
highest possible degree
whispering sound (onomatopoeia)
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them. A syllogism is the format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
The use of symbols or anything that is meant to be taken both literally and as a representative of a higher and more complex significance.
A figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole, such as using "boards" to mean stage or "wheels" to mean car, or "All hands on deck."
Ability to create a variety of sentence structures, appropriately complex and/or varied in length.
Sentence structures that are extraordinarily complex and involved. They are often difficult for a reader to follow.
The grammatical structure of a sentence
Habitually untalkative, inclined to silence
Capable of being maintained.
The emotion or attitude of an author
laziness; inactivity; dullness
A word or phrase that links one idea to the next
To slander; to berate; to degrade.
instinctive (gut feeling)
The relationship between a subject and verb
Sound of the writer
Fanciful, quaint, mixture of fantasy and humor