Biology FINAL SG

Created by carlcurtis11 

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45 terms · biology

________ is the chemical and mechanical breakdown of food into small molecules, whole ________ is the uptake of these small molecules by the bodies cells

Digestion, Absorption

________ are targets of T Cells.

Virus infected body cells

In human lungs, gas exchange occurs at the _________

Alveolar Sacs

Monosaccharides and amino acids are both absorbed ________

at blood vessels

The largest number of bacteria thrive in the ________

Large intestine

the cerebrum is the part of the ________

Forebrain

Skeletal muscles are controlled by _______

Somatic nerves

You would find the axons of interneurons ___________

in the brain and the spinal cord

When nutrients are supplied to a cell, they are directly transported to the cell from ___________

interstitial fluid

This statement is true about the lymph vascular system__________

(A and B) Transports lipids absorbed from small INT. to blood stream, recovers interstitial fluid at the venous end of capillaries and transports it back the blood stream

At the arterial end of the capillary bed, a small amount of protein-free plasma is pushed through clefts in the capillary wall. This process is called ________

ultrafiltration

Made by the pancreas; acts on fat

Lipase

made by the pancreas; acts on protein fragments

Trypsin

made by the liver; helps emulsify fats

Bile

the aorta leaves the ________

Left ventricle

Chyme is formed in the _________

Stomach

In a neuron, ______ receives incoming information and convey them to the cell body.

Dendrites

In the lungs, gas exchange occurs between blood in the capillaries surrounding the alveoli and the air within the alveoli. the gases exchange by _________ along a gradient.

Diffusion

This statement is not true about VEINS

They have an outer layer of elastic tissue

Plasma makes up about ______ of the total blood volume.

%55

________ Carry impulses from muscles and other organs to the CNS

Sensory Neurons

This enzyme is not secreted by the small intestine _________

Chymotrypsin

The optimal blood pressure in 120/80. the 120 indicates _______ and the 80 indicates ________

pressure during systole, pressure during diastole

Which type of white blood cells makes antibodies?

B Cells

This is true of the somatic system _________

it controls skeletal muscles

In most capillaries, the adjoining cells have narrow clefts between them that allow the ions and other small, water-soluble substances, as well as white blood cells to enter and leave. in capillaries in the ________ high junctions cells and clefts are nonexistent.

Brain

Starch Digestion begins in the _________

Mouth

Most carbon dioxide in blood is transported _________

as bicarbonate

True or False "All arteries carry oxygen-rich blood, while all veins carry oxygen-poor blood"

False

During inhalation, when the diaphragm contracts and the ribs spread apart, air pressure inside the lungs ________

decreases

_________ is defined as a decrease in the response to an ongoing stimulus

sensory adaptation

Red-Green color blindness is far more common than yellow-blue color blindness because the coding genes for the first disorder are present on the _________

X Chromosome

__________ develops with age, Beginning around mid-40s, the lens of the eye loses much of its elasticity and reading without glasses becomes difficult

Presbyopia

________ are the primary target for HIV infection.

T Cells

________ can detect very dim light. their signals are the start of coarse perception of motions

Rod Cells

Bile has roles in _______ digestion and absorption

Fat

________ secretes bicarbonate that buffers against HC1 secretion from stomach lining.

Pancreas

Which of the following activities would be associated with the parasympathetic division of the nervous system?

resting and digesting

in ________ the cells converts one type of signal (the stimulus) to an electrical signal.

Sensory transduction

The small intestine has 3 regions, The first is called the _______

Duodenum

In a neuron the ________ carries information away from the cell body

Axon

The thalamus is part of the ________

Forebrain

Some bacteria are able to survive the extremely acidic pH of the stomach (T or F )

True

______ is/are detected by chemoreceptors

(A and C) Taste and Smell

This part of the body does not belong to the digestive system ______

The heart

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