Brother of and spokesperson for Moses. He was the first priest of Israel.
Adam and Eve's second son. Because his sacrifice was acceptable to God, he was murdered by his envious brother Cain
A descendant of Shem, founder of the Hebrew nation. He was the first to receive a personal call from the Lord and responded in faith.
the first man and our first father. He, together with Eve, committed the first sin.
Alexander the Great
The fourth century BC Greek conqueror who spread his empire across the known world.
From the Greek angels, a translation of theHebrew malak, meaning "messenger." A spiritual, personal, and immortal creature possessing intelligence and free will, who glorifies God without ceasing and serves God as protector of and messenger to man.
The vessel built by Noah to save his family and the animals from the Flood.
Ark of the Covenant
An ornate box that held the 10 Commandments, the rod of Aaron, and some manna; it represented God's throne on earth.
a bloody and wicked empire that terrorized the whole Middle East and constantly threatened both Israel and Judah. Eventually the (people from this place) destroyed Israel and scattered its people.
Great imperial city to which the conquered people of Judah were taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BC.
Adam and Eve's first son and murderer of his brother, Abel - God placed a mark on him so that no one would kill him.
An idol made by Aaron when the Israelites demanded it. The people worshipped it as the god that had brought them out of Egypt.
the land God promised to Abraham's descendants.
greek for "anointed." This is used in reference to Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of Priest, Prophet, and King.
The visible sign of God's promise to Abraham.
God's bringing things into being out of nothing. Creation is good, but it has been corrupted by sin.
Cyrus the Great
King of Persia who conquered Babylonian Empire; allowed Jews to return and rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
The second King of Israel, a "man after God's own heart."
Greek for "second law." It is the name of one of the books of the Bible that is the second promulgation of the Law.
The name of the garden in which God placed Adam and Eve.
The Hebrew word for God.
The first woman and our first mother. Eve was created from the rib of Adam, and thus woman - unlike the animals - is man's equal and complement.
Enforced removal from one's native land according to an edict or enforced residence in a foreign land. The time the people of Judah spent as captives in Babylon.
Greek for "going out", liberation of Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land by saving acts of God.
a Jewish priest and scribe sent by the Persian king to restore Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem.
The great deluge that destroyed the world by water, from which only Noah and his family was saved.
A member of any of the nations outside Israel.
The worship or adoration due to God alone paid to any created object. It is forbidden by the First Commandment.
A representation such as a statue or a picture. Human beings are created in the image of God, which means they are capable of knowing and loving their Creator in freedom.
Son of Abraham and Sarah. He was born when they were very old. Although Isaac was not Abraham's first born son, he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham's wife, making Isaac the heir to God's promises.
The great prophet who guided the reforms of Hezekiah. His prophecies often refer to the coming of the Messiah.
The people chosen by God to be his own and to inherit the promises of Abraham. This people is names after Israel (Jacob), from whose twelve sons the tribes of Israel descend.
The younger of Isaac and Rebekah's twin sons. He tricked his brother, Esau, into giving him his inheritance and his father into giving his the first-born's blessing, thus becoming Isaac's heir. Through him God renewed the covenant with Abraham's descendants.
The Canaanite inhabitants of Jerusalem whom the Israelites had not conquered up to the time of David.
A great prophet who stood up to official persecution to bring God's word to the people of Judah. He saw his people being carried off to captivity, but he predicted that God would gather the remnant of his flock from the four corners of the world. He foresaw a time when God would make a "new covenant" with his people.
A Canaanite city conqured by David that became the capital and religious center of Israel and later Judah.
jacob's favorite among his 12 sons; envious brothers sold him as a slave; he rose to become prime minister of egypt and saved his family from starvation.
A reforming king of Judah who returned the people to the worship of the True God. During his reign the Book of the Law was found in the Temple, where it might have been hidden during Manasseh's persecutions.
One of the 12 tribes of Israel. This name was used for the southern kingdom when Israel was divided after Solomon.
Temporary leaders appointed by God to lead the people of Israel when enemies oppressed them.
Members of the tribe of Levi, who would be the priests for the rest of Israel.
Third book of the Bible; named from its contents which deal entirely with the service of God and the religious ceremonies to be performed by the members of the tribe of Levi, both priests and Levites.
Judas Maccabeus and his brothers, leaders of the Jewish revolt against Antiochus IV.
The miraculous food that the Israelites ate in the desert - it is a type of the Eucharist.
A priest who touched off the Jewish revolt against Antiochus IV. He was the father of Judas Maccabeus.
Hebrew for "anointed." This is used in reference to Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest, prophet, and king, signified by his being anointed as Christ.
The mountains around Jerusalem, where Abraham went to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice.
The man God chose to lead the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt.
King of Babylon who conquered Judah and carried off many of the inhabitants into exile in Babylon.
The righteous man who, with his family and the animals, survived the flood.
Heathen; one who practices idolatry; a person abandoning all religious belief; an irreligious person.
Another name for the land of Canaan. Named for the Philistines who settled there.
Also known as Pasch; Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of the Jewish people from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts in Egypt, which the angel of death saw and passed over. The Eucharist celebrates the new Passover.
A father who leads a family or tribe. Abraham and his descendants, the founders of Israel, are know as the Patriarchs.
The great empire that conquered Babylon and freed Jews from exile. The blank allowed their subjects to keep their own customs, and the Jews prospered under blank rule.
In ancient times, ruler of the Egyptians, who was generally worshiped as a god.
A powerful nation that invaded Canaan from the sea and became the most hated enemies of Israel.
A disaster that affects a large number of people. The Ten Plagues in Exodus were signs of God's wrath against the Egyptians, and particular judgments against the Egyptians' false gods.
In the Old Testament, one of the tribe of Levi; in the New Testament, an abbreviation of the Greek presbyteros, "elder": A member of the order of presbyters. This baptized and confirmed male is ordained to be a coworker with his bishop, to preside at public liturgies in his stead, and otherwise to assist his bishop in priestly service to the People of God.
from the greek proto meaning "first" and evaggelos meaning "bringing good news." the first message of good news- the first gospel- is genesis 3:15 in which the promise of the messiah and redeemer is foretold.
A servant of the king who oversees all the affairs of the kingdom; the king's most trusted advisor.
The mother of the reigning king. Under Solomon and his successors, the Queen Mother was a very influential figure in the kingdom.
What is left after a disaster. In the prophecy of Isaiah, the small number out of God's people who will return to Jerusalem after the coming exile.
The last of the Judges, and the man chosen by God to anoint Saul and David kings for Israel.
The wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac.
The original name of Sarah.
The first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel. He was later replaced by David.
The form taken by Satan in the Garden of Eden.
Adam and Eve's third son and eventual heir. His line carried on the true worship of God in contrast to the evil line of Cain.
Sheba, Queen of
The queen of a wealthy country to the south. She came to Jerusalem to test Solomon's wisdom, which led her to praise the God of Israel, demonstrating the kingdom's role in leading the nations to God.
Hebrew for "name." He was Noah's first born son and heir as well as the ancestor of the Israelites and related tribes.
The Mountain where Moses received the Law from God.
The son of David who inherited his kingdom and the Davidic promise. He led Israel to it greatest glory and was famous for his wisdom.
An ornamented receptacle in the church in which the consecrated Eucharist is reserved for Communion for the sick and dying as well as for adoration. In Israelite history, the tabernacle was the curtained tent containing the Ark of the Covenant and other sacred items. This portable sanctuary was taken throughout their wandering in the wilderness until the building of the Temple in Jerusalem.
The place where God dwelt. The house of God in Jerusalem that contained the Ark of the Covenant. The temple became the center of worship for Israel.
Decalogue; the fundamental laws given by God at Sinai that govern divine and human relationships.
A city in Mesopotamia, the original home of Abraham.
Empty, without form. The state of the world before God gave it form and created beings to fill it.
The hill on which the oldest part of Jerusalem was built. a poetic name for the city of Jerusalem.