created by Bismarck; contained Austria-Hungary and Germany when Russia left the alliance preceding the Congress of Berlin
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand, part of the Pan-Slavism nationalist movement, with the intention of uniting all of the territories containing South Slav populations (Serbs, Croats, Macedonians, Slovenes, etc) annexed by Austria-Hungary.
Arabs & Jews in Palestine were
promised autonomy if they joined the Allies.
1. Britain declared sympathy for idea of a Jewish
homeland in Palestine.
2. New policy seemed to contradict British support for
War Guilt Clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
When the military controls the economy during wartimes. Ex. Industrial plants were turned into military plants. Ford plants produced tanks instead of cars
drafting of civilians to serve in the army
Type of Marxism lead by Lenin that wanted the socialist party to be controlled by a small elite group
His ideas on the importance of nautical tactics influenced navies all around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I.
Sir Edward Grey
Britain's foreign minister, foresaw the horror ahead; said "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."
French Premier who wanted Germany stripped of all weapons vast German payments for costs of war, separate Rhineland to serve as buffer state France<>Germany
David Lloyd George
He was the British representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
General Von Hindenburg
Hindenburg was the president and aging war hero of Germany who was convinced by Bruning to authorize rule by decree.
Commander of the Allied forces who ordered attacks along a line from Verdun to the North Sea. He made the crucial move of the forces to the area between the Meuse River and the Argonne Forest.
colonel who led Britain to help the Arabs overthrow the Ottoman Empire. Known as a "romantic" hero, because after he led these attacks, the Middle East was under control of the Allies.
led the American Expeditionary Force; urged that the AEF operate as an independent fighting force, under American command; was made General of the Armies of the United States, which is the highest rank given to an officer
Germany attempted to test the Entente Cordiale by aiding the Sultan in a bid for moroccan independance. GB ended up supporting France, which was a diplomatic defeat for Germany, and established the strength of the Entente
climax of imperial territorial disputes between the United Kingdom and France in Eastern Africa, brought the United Kingdom and France to the verge of war, ended in a diplomatic victory for the U.K.
Border regions of France with German speaking peoples; Bismark annexed them following Franco-Prussian war.