5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Cognitive Therapies
- Free Association
- Aversive Conditioning
- Token Economy
- a Used by psychoanalysts to uncover unconscious conflicts. Involves saying whatever comes to mind withouth thinking. Based on the idea that we all constantly censor what we say, thereby allowing us to hide some of our thoughts from ourselves. If we force ourselves to say whatever pops into our minds, we are more likely to reveal clues about what is really bothering us by eluding the ego's defenses.
- b Locate the cause of psychological problems in the way people think. Concentrate on changing unhealthy thought patterns. Involves challenging the irrational thinking patterns of patients.
- c Using drugs to treat psychological disorders. The most common type of somatic therapy.
- d Type of behavioral therapy. Pairs a habit a person wished to break with an unpleasant stimulus.
- e Type of behavioral therapy involving operant conditioning. Desired behaviors are identified and rewarded with tokens. The tokens can then be exchanged for various objects of privileges.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Refers to all forms of talk therapy. This is not the same as psychoanalysis, a specific kind of therapy pioneered by Sigmund Freud.
- Used to uncover unconscious conflicts. Ask their patients to describe their dreams. Since the go's defenses are relaxed during sleep, they hope the dreams will help the therapist see what is at the root of the patient's problem.
- A term used by psychoanalysts when using dream analysis in order to uncover unconscious conflicts. Revealed only as a result of a therapist's interpretive work.
- Important element of client-centered therapy developed by Carl Rogers. Blanket acceptance and support of a person regardless of what the person says or does.
- An example of this is attributing failures to internal, global, and permanent aspects of the self.
5 True/False Questions
Transference → In the course of therapy, patients begin to have strong feelings toward their therapists.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) → Locate the cause of psychological problems in the way people think. Concentrate on changing unhealthy thought patterns. Involves challenging the irrational thinking patterns of patients.
Existential Therapies → Humanistic therapies that focus on helping clients achieve a subjectively meaningful perception of their lives. See clients' difficulties as caused by the clients having lost or failed to develoop a sense of their lives' purpose. Seek to support clients and help them formulate a vision of their lives as worthwhile.
Client-Centered Therapy (person-centered therapy) → Developed by Aaron Beck. Involves trying to get clients to engage in pursuits that will bring them success. This will alleviate the depression while also identifying and challenging the irrational ideas tat cause unhappiness.
Humanistic Therapies → Focus on helping people to understand and accept themselves, and strive to self-actualize. Assert that if people are supported and helped to recognize their goals, they will move toward self-fulfillment.