War Guilt Clause
1.) formally blamed Germany 2.) charged Germany for $33 billion
one side in World War I: Great Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by the U.S.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Archduke of Austria-Hungary assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. The trigger event for WWI.
militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
The MAIN causes of WWI
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other (and usually want to enforce it on othes)
Paris Peace Conference
1919, meeting of the Allies at the end of WWI, concluded with Treaty of Versailles
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
These were behind the front-line so large land gains could not be made
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
Shooting technique to help take the thinking out of killing
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
a series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
called for a general association of nations or League of Nations
Unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
first tank in World War I (never used in battle)
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed over 1,000 lives. One of main reasons Amereica decided to join the war.
1919 treaty that ended WWI
28th President of the United States
Kaiser of Germany during WWI
British foriegn policy prior to WWI
large, German, gas-filled blimp
German foreign minister who sent telegram urging Mexico to join Central Powers against the U.S.
military observation or survey
tries to persuade the reader to do, think, or buy something because it is popular or everyone is doing it
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
Assassinated Ferdianand and was a member of the Black Hand.
battle that killed over 1 million. no side won advantage.
Race to the Sea
Name given to the continuous series of flanking movement by Germans and British in October and November 1914; resulted in a continuous line of trenches from the Marne to the English Channel.
A deadly bacterial infection usually caused by bacteria that produces gas within tissues. Before the invention of antibiotics this was the fate for many soldiers in wartime. Prompt amputation was about the only intervention possible.
psychological devastation due to the battle raging around soldiers that they suffered. They became unable to act.
a wound that would cause an English soldier to be sent home from service abroad
payment for damages after a war
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
He led the Bolshevik (Communist) Revolution in Russia in 1917. He would lead the Communists to victory in the Civil War and would rule until his death in 1924.
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society