← Photosynthesis Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All How does the electron transport of the light reactions lead to the creation of ATP? -The electrons are trapped by the electron acceptor, then are replaced by electrons from water. -Oxygen is released. -Electrons are passed down the ETC to NADPH -Chloroplasts use the energy to release the "fall" to make ATP. -NADPH transfers light-excited electrons to NADP+ reducing it to NADPH Why do leaves appear green? The pigments reflect green and yellow because of the chloroplasts. Where in the plant does photosynthesis take place? Thylakoids How is the creation of ATP similar in Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis? They are both carried by the NADPH to the ETC then thrown down the staircase to make ATP. What are stomata? The outer membrane of the cell. What is the role of stomata? To allow CO2 in and Oxygen out. What is the basic formula of Photosynthesis? Carbon Dioxide + Water -(Sunlight goes in)-> Glucose + Oxygen How do plants that are not green get their nutrients? They attach to a plant with chloroplast and steal their nutrients until the plant is dead then move on the next plant. What is Chlorophyll's role in Photosynthesis? Converting solar energy into chemical energy. How do plants cope with hot and dry conditions? During the night they take in and store as much CO2 as possible. -The Calvin Cycle only happens at different times and occurs in the same cells. What are the 2 major stages of photosynthesis? Light Reactions Dark Reactions What goes in and out of each of the 2 stages of Photosynthesis? Light Reactions- Water goes in, Oxygen and electrons go out. Dark Reactions- Carbon Dioxide goes in, Glucose goes out. What groups of organisms are capable of Photosynthesis? Plants, Protists, Bacteria What transport molecule moves electrons between stages of Photosynthesis? NADPH- Producing photosystem. How does the endosymbiont theory explain eukaryotic evolution? -Eukaryotic cells ancestor develops nucleus. -Cell engulfs an aerobic prokaryote. -Plant ancestor later engulfs a photosynthetic prokaryote. ~*Eating each other*~ Where in the cell does Photosynthesis take place? Chloroplasts. What happens to the ATP that is made in the Light Reactions? The ATP is released. How ia Cytokinesis different in animal and plant cells? ~Animals- Cleavage furrow- When cells pinch to separate. ~Plant- Cell wall will start to form in the middle of the cell until cell breaks apart (cell plate). What do chloroplasts and Mitochondria have in common? They both process photosynthesis and cellular respiration formulas. -They also make ATP. What ancient organisms paved the way for modern oxygen-using eukaryotes? Eukaryotic Cells. How are the processes of Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis intimatly associated? They share the same process and basically the same formula.