Renaissance Art

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Roger Campin

Flemish (Flanders) artist, master of flemalle, 1st to use oil painting successfully, brittle fabric

Jan Van Eyck

FLanders Artist, draws audience into picture, drapery shows figure underneath, his work: Ghent Altarpiece, Giovanni Arnoltin and his bride, Man in Red turban

Roger Van der Weyden

Flemish (flanders) artist. combinded Eyck and Campion. not concerned with accuracy or proportion, stoic, brittle fabric, not occupying 3d space, very shallow his work: Deposition, Saint Luke Drawing of the Virgin, Portrait of a Lady

Hugo Van der Goes

Flemish (Flanders) artist, proportions off,

Limbourg Brothers

Manuscript Art 15th Century France, produced illustrated Book of Hours

Tilman Riemenschneider

Holy Roman Empire Artist, specialized in carving large wooden retables (altarpieces), intricate Gothic Tracery and Religious figures

Martin Schongauer

Holy Roman Empire Artist, German, no emotion, Graphic Artist, most skilled master of metal engraving in Northern Europe

Filippo Brunelleschi

Invented Linear Perspective, "Builder of Florence" lost competition for bronze doors but won commission for Doumo Cathedral

Lorenzo Ghiberti

Early Renaissance, 1st example of Renaissance work, Goldsmith, competed in competition for baptistery doors and won bc his version of Sacrifice of Issac features gracefully posed figures that recall classical statuary. created illusion of space through pictorial, atmospheric and linear perspective,

Donatello

He was a sculptor whose works expressed an appreciation of the incredible variety of human nature. Donatello revived the classical figure with its balance and self-awareness., Geberti is master, uses planar recession, 1st to master contrapposto pose

Gentile da Fabriano

International style master, Italy, sucessfully blended naturalistic details of Late Gothic spleder in color, costume and framing. Adoration of the Magi, Santa Trinita, Florence, Italy

Masaccio

Rist Renaissance painter to portray real, nude human figures in 3-D. made the Expulsion of Adam and Eve in 1427 which shoed tremendous emotion, both nude 1st to master "real" naturalism 1. naturalistic figures 2. atmospheric prospective 3. linear prospective. calculated mathematically rational space.

Fra Angelico

Florentine; dominieation monk, only did religious art, Works: The Annunciation

Andrea del Castagno

perspective in ceiling, not emotional, most important is characters are 3D, all about perspective, (example in class last supper)

Fra Filippo Lippi

Italian painter whose works show a three-dimensional style, monk. shows emotion, compositional movement and style. emphasized drawing, line contours, about shape, grace and elements, more humanization

Antonio Pollaiuolo

contour lines emphasizes drawing. study of anatomy in action, shows faces emotion exerting themselves. his work: Hercules and Antaeus, Battle of the Ten Nudes

Michelozzo di Bartolommeo

designed modest building 3 floors 3 styles like roman architecture. Rustic-roughly made stacked blocks. his work: Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence, Italy

Medici Family

Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries

Leon Battista Alberti

architect who said "Men can do all things if they will"; humanist also who also wrote of the decline in population because of the high death rate, 1st Renaissance Man, architect, writer, sculptor, painter, more design oriented,

Pietro Perugino

Raphael's master, pays tribute to florence and Romans in work, uses Biblical and contemporary people, intellectual path, perfectly symmetrical balance

Piero della Francesca

very scientific and intellectual, "Discover and Proving of the True Cross" his paintings were unemotinal, and mathematically precise. believed highest part of Renaissance is geometry.

Andrea Mantegna

________ (1431-1506) was one of the foremost north Italian painters of the 15th century who mastered perspective and foreshortening and made important contributions to the compositional techniques of Renaissance painting.

Andrea del Verrocchio

1435-1488, sculptor and painter and teacher of Leonardo da Vinci. becomes discouraged b/c of leo so starts sculpture.

Domenico Ghirlandaio

Michelangelo's Master, Italian Renaissance painter

Sandro Botticelli

(1445-1510) A painter who embodied platonist ideas, used color, made many paintings on an allegorical level. on aesthetic path. more concerned with grace and elegance, works: birth of Venus

Paulo Ucello

Italian painter and mathematician, used planar recession, battle looks crowded, shallow, hidden 1 pt perspective shown on ground

Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Peaceful city from the Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, or Allegory of Good Government(Siena, Italy)

Michelangelo

An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà, painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel, and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica, designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.

Leonardo Da Vinci

(1452-1519) Artist who made sculptures and religious paintings like the Last Supper., Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile "genius" of the Renaissance, Leonardo filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter Leonardo is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).THE Renaissance Man

Raphael Sanzio

He was famous for use of Perspective. Filled walls of Pope Julius 2 with paintings. He painted the School of Athens. Also painted famouse Rennisance figure including himself.

Bramante

(1444-1514)High Renaissance architect who worked on the dome of St. Peter's Basilica(with Michelangelo) as well as the "Tempietto." St. Peter's Basilica is in the Vatican City, Rome; dome is 138ft in diameter; most perfect dome; greatest example of the High Renaissance

Giovanni Bellini

____________ (1426-1516) was the founder of the Venetian school of painting and raised Venice to a center of Renaissance art that rivaled Florence and Rome.

Giorgione

Venetian art, Titian was a pupil of Giovanni Bellini and worked closely with _________ in his early career so that his early work shows their influence. described Venetian Art as "poetic"

Titian

Greatest Renaissance painter in Venice, used vivid color and movement, which was the opposite of the subtle colors and static figures in Florentine paintings. (painting looks just like giogione's virgin but is awake and aware and inside)

Pontormo

Mannerism, distorts perspective on purpose, elegant and beautiful poses, not logical not proportional. put himself in all faces, very strange.

Parmigianino

"Madonna with the Long Neck" distorted, doesn't make sense. Mannerism, with little or no logic or structure

Bronzino

Mannerism, not connected characters, allegory-tells story, meaning is ambiguous. his work: Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (The Exposure of Luxury)

Sofonisba Anguissola

Mannerism, She was the first woman artist to gain an international reputation and known for her portraits of her sisters and of King Philip II of Spain.

Tintoretto

Venetian; tried to unite design of Michelangelo and color of Titian, dissected bodies to learn anatomy: His Last Supper is not stable composition, comes towards viewer

Paolo Veronese

This artist changed the title of his painting from The Last Supper to the Feast in teh House of Levi rather than alter the aesthetic content of his painting.

Giovanni da Bologna

1st large scale group since classical antiquity. his work: rape of Sabine women

El Greco

his work expressed mannerism. was from the island of Crete. after studying in Venice and Rome then moved to Spain. painted elongated and contorted figures. the mood depicts religous upheavals. (the one in class same concept as last judgement)

Claus Sluter

International style, German sculptor is considered a "Pioneer of Northern Realism;" Wall of Moses. not concerned with accuracy, stylize

High Renaissance

A time period thatr was the final stage of Renaissance art between 1480 & 1520 marked by the increased importance of Rome as a cultural center. Three artists, da Vinci, Raphael, & Michelangelo, dominated with their work. The period was also characterized with idealization of nature

Early Renaissance

Bruschelli, Giotto, Masaccio, Donatello, Boccaccio, and Petrarch are all artists of this period

Renaissance

A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a 'rebirth' of Greco-Roman culture. Usually divided into an Italian Renaissance, from roughly the mid-fourteenth to mid-fifteenth century, and a Northern Renaissance 1400-1600 (445)

Mannerism

Artistic movement against the Renaissance ideals of symetry, balance, and simplicity; went against the perfection the High Renaissance created in art. Used elongated proportions, twisted poese and compression of space.

Flemish (Flanders) Northern Painting

Everything in painting has meaning, spiritual image, theological meaning, not concerned with proportion and perspective. stoic

Sfumato

blurring or softening sharp lines to create smokiness and atmosphere in painting (leonardo used it)

chiaroscuro

The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.

Nude

a celebration of human body, beautiful and ideal

naked

ashamed of being unclothed. suppose to be wearing clothes. not ideal or perfect

Naturalistic

realistic, represented as it is in nature

Realistic

closely resembling real life; aware of things as they are; practical, usually stylized

stylized

Simplified and/or exaggerated

triptych

A painting in 3 panels.

Grisaille

style of painting in grey tints

stoic

unemotional

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