The great schism
**page 394** Pope Gregory XI ended the Babylonian Captivity and moved back to Rome where he died, the roman people forced the College of Cardinals to elect an italian pope (Urban VI). The election was considered invalid (under durress) and the pope was disliked because of his reform ideas, so another French pope (clement VII) was elected. Powers of europe aligned themselves with either the pope in France or the pope in Rome. The division which eventually ended, decreased loyalty to the pope and increased loyalty to the monarchs throughout Europe
Hundred years war consequences
**pages 392-393** grave loss of population, rural economy of many parts of france bad, disrupted trade, aggravated peasants, profound impact on political and cultural lives of the two countries, stimulated the development of the english parliament. promoted nationalism or the feeling of unity in your country.
(c.1328-1384) Forerunner to the Reformation. Created English Lollardy. Attacked the corruption of the clergy, and questioned the power of the pope.
statute of kilkenny
**page 406** Series of thirty-five acts passed at Kilkenny in Ireland in 1366, which was an attempt to prevent intermarriage with the english as well as not letting the irish have good jobs or vote.
**pages 386-387**the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe. its economical consequences were little as it stimulated productivity by balancing the before overpopulated europe.
Some french barons support english in 100 years war
some french barons supported the english in order to thwart the centralization goals of their king. if there was a king in england trying to rule them it would be hard to centralize efficiently.