What year was the Treaty of Utrecht signed?
What happened when the Treaty was signed? (2 things)
1. Acadia is permanently given to British (except Cape Breton)
2. Acadians become 'French neutrals'
What year was the Oath of Allegiance signed?
Who was William Shirley? (3 things)
- Surveyor of New England
- Gov of Massachusetts in 1741-1749 and 1753-1756
- Mastermind behind the forcible removal of Acadians in Le Grand Derrangement
Between what years was William Shirley surveying and governing?
The expulsion of the Acadians was the first recorded...
What happened in 1749?
Halifax is found; Capital of Nova Scotia
What happened in 1750?
Beaubassin was ordered to be burnt by Father Le Loutre, so that the British could not profit from its seizure
What is Beaubassin known as today?
When was Fort Lawrence built, and where?
In 1750, located in Isthmus of Chignecto, near Beaubassin
When was Fort Beausejour built and why?
In 1751, in response to the British building Fort Lawrence, also located on Isthmus of Chignecto
When was Fort Beausejour captured and under whose command?
June 4-16th, 1755 under the command of Lt. Colonel Robert Monckton
What was Fort Beausejour's name changed to?
When were the first Acadians deported, from where were they deported, and under whose order?
Deported on July 28, 1755 from the Chignecto region, under Gov. Charles Lawrence's order
When, where, and why were the Acadians told to meet at a church?
Told August 11, 1755 to meet at a church in Grand Pre on September 5, 1755 at 3 pm to sign a renewed Oath of Allegiance
What happens on September 5, 1755?
The Acadians are detained as British prisoners and told they will be removed from the province
When was Fort Louisbourg constructed?
When was Fort Louisbourg captured for the first time, and then what year was it returned by what treaty?
Captured first in 1745 and returned in 1748 by the Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle
When was Fort Louisbourg captured for the final time? How many troops, ships, and casualties were there, and who were the commanding officers?
June 8-26, 1758
General Jeffrey Amherst and James Wolfe
Who were the two generals in the Seige of Quebec?
General James Wolfe and Louis-Joseph Marquis de Montcalm
When and where was the Seige of Quebec taken place?
September 13, 1759 on the Plain's of Abraham
How did the Seige of Quebec end?
Battle only lasted 15-20 minutes, resulting in British victory. Both generals ended up wounded and dead, Wolfe dying at the end of the battle, Montcalm dying the next morning
When was the Seige of Montreal?
September 8, 1760
What did the Treaty of Paris accomplish? (3)
- Ends the French and Indian War (Seven year War) which began in 1754
- France loses Canada to Great Britain
- Ends Great Deportation
When and by Who was the Treaty of Paris signed?
February 10, 1763 by England, France, and Spain
When and where did the first Acadian settlers arrive?
In St. David in 1785
How many Acadians were deported between 1755-1763