Early Americas

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Empire stretches from central Mexico to south to the northern part of Central America

Maya

Lived in hot, dense tropical rainforests

Maya

Grew a variety of crops including squash, beans, avocados, and maize(corn)

Maya

Hunted deer, rabbits, and monkeys

Maya

Small cities eventually turned in t small city-states

Maya

Reached its height between AD 250 and 900

Maya

Empire included more than 40 large cities

Maya

Trade helped hold civilization together

Maya

Each city-state had its own king and government

Maya

Cit of Palenque - King was Pacal

Maya

Held highest position in society

Maya

Priests, merchants, and novels were also part of the upper class

Maya

Most people in this empire belonged to the lower class

Maya

Worshipped many gods

Maya

On special occasions, made human sacrifices for the gods

Maya

Built observatories to study the stars

Maya

Made 2 calendars

Maya

Cane up with a symbol for the number zero

Maya

Skilled mathmeticians

Maya

Developed a complex writing system similar to hieroglyphics

Maya

Wrote in bark paper books

Maya

Civilization began to collapse in the AD 900s

Maya

Decline of civilization was unknown but was thought to decline because of natural disasters

Maya

Were farmers

Aztec

Settled on a swampy island in the middle of Lake Texcoco

Aztec

By the 1400s they ruled the met power in Mesoamerica

Aztec

Had causeways-raised roads across water or wet ground

Aztec

The main city was Tenochtitlan

Aztec

Built canals

Aztec

Created floating gardens called chinampas because of limited farming land on their island

Aztec

Emperor and nobles had the highest position

Aztec

Warriors and priests were under the nobles and emperor

Aztec

Under the warriors and priests were the merchants and artisans

Aztec

The lowest level under the warriors and priests were the farmers and laborers who made up most of the population

Aztec

Believed in many gods

Aztec

Priests regularly made human sacrifices to please the gods

Aztec

Studied astronomy and devised a calendar much like the Mayas

Aztec

Conquered by Cortes

Aztec

Emperor was Moctezuma II

Aztec

Moctezuma II though Cortez was the God who promised to return in 1519 win the Spanish conquistadors and Cortez arrived

Aztec

In1521 they surrendered

Aztec

Empire arose in South America

Inca

Began a small tribe in the Andes

Inca

Capital was Cuzco in what is now Peru

Inca

In the mid-1400s a ruler named Pachacuti expanded the empire

Inca

Empire stretched from modern Equador to Central Chile

Inca

Official language was Quechua

Inca

People paid taxes in a form of labor rather than money. The labor tax system was called the mita

Inca

No merchants or markets

Inca

Common people had little personal freedom

Inca

Society had two main social classes, the emperor, priests and government made up the upper class while the farmers, artisan, and servant made up the lover class

Inca

There were o slaves because they did not practice slavery

Inca

Grew maize and peanuts

Inca

Carved terraces into the hillside to farm

Inca

Raised llamas for meat and wool

Inca

Cerimonies often included human sacrafices

Inca

Great builders known for their masonry

Inca

Built a network of roads while two main highways ran throughout the whole city connecting all of the roads

Inca

Made some of the finest textiles

Inca

Had no writing system so they kept records with knotted cords called quipus

Inca

Conquered by Pizarro

Inca

Civil war began in the 1520s after the death of a ruler

Pizarro's conquering

the ruler had two sons, Athaualpa and Huscar

Pizarro's conquering

Athaualupa won the war in 1532

Pizarro's conquering

Whwn Athaualupa was getting crowned king, about 180 of Pizarro's soldiers defeated them

Pizarro's conquering

In 1537 Pizarro defeated the last of the empire

Inca

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