John Marshall Court (1801-1835)
-John Marshall believe that the US would best be served by concentrating power in a strong central government.
-Under his leadership, the Supreme Court decisions tended to promote business enterprise.
Marbury v Madison (1803)
-Established the principle of judicial review (gave supreme court the authority to declare acts of congress unconstitutional)
Dartmouth College v Woodward (1819)
-Ruled that the constitution protected contracts from state encroachments.
-The ruling safeguarded business enterprise from interference by state governments.
Worcester v Georgia (1831)
Supreme court upheld the rights of the Cherokee Tribe. President Jackson refused to recognize the court's decision.
Dred Scott v Sanford (1857)
African Americans were not citizens and therefore could not petition the court. Slaves could not be taken from their masters regardless of state's free or slave status. Also a major issue during the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
The 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases and the 1883 Civil Rights Cases
Both cases narrowed the meaning and effectiveness of the Fourteenth Amendment. Both weakened the protection given to African Americans under the Fourteenth Amendment.