5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Czech Republic
- Middle East Arab-Israeli conflict
- Brezhnev Era
- a Jewish state of Israel created out of old British colonies in Palestine. many arab countries refuse to accept Israel and attacked it, Israel wins but issue still not resolved. Wars broke out in '56, '67,'73
- b Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanastan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika; but all this failed.
- c (The council of Mutual Assistance) Soviet relations with the states of Eastern Europe, Soviet-dominated
- d This period began with high economic growth and soaring prosperity, but ended with a much weaker Soviet Union facing social, political, and economic stagnation. The average annual income stagnated, because needed economic reforms were never fully carried out.
- e In 1990, the nation of Czechoslovakia was divided into 2 republics. Free elections were held, and a slight majority of Slovaks wanted independence. The two independent nations were formed in 1993 (called the Velvet Divorce).
5 Multiple choice questions
- Large Polish shipyard located in Gdansk. Solidarity was founded there. Sight of first successful protests led by Lech Walesa.
- President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of Yugoslavia 1997 to 2000. A key figure in the ethnic conflicts in the Balkans in the 1900's.
- a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society
- A Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
- An association of Western European nations agreeing to favor each other in respect to tariffs. Members were Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Portugal, Switzerland, and Great Britain. Sometimes referred to as the Outer Seven-i.e., outside the Common Market; formed in 1959.
5 True/False questions
European Economic Community or "Common Market" → An economic organization of European states set up by the Treaties of ROME in March 1957. Its member states agreed to coordinate their economic policies, and to establish common policies for agriculture, transport, the movement of capital and labor, the erection of common external tariffs, and the ultimate establishment of political unification.
Ulbricht → leader of German Communist Party and German Democratic Republic
Tito → Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980)
European Union → an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
August '91 coup → Attempt by pro-Soviet members to oust Gorbachev from power.