SQ2 Nineteenth Century Empires (pgs. 42-end)

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What was the name of General Charles Gordon's army which suppressed the Taiping Rebellion?

Ever-Victorious Army

By what year did Charles Gordon's Ever-Victorious Army squash the Taiping Rebellion?

1864

What was the nick name of General Charles Gordon?

Chinese

What was the only Chinese place that Europeans formally colonized in the 19th century?

Hong Kong

What did the Chinese squander in its attempt to maintain the opium addiction?

metal reserves

In Chinese society, who bore the brunt of lost government revenues due to the opium trade?

overtaxed peasants

Who did the Dutch ask to oversee their Southeast Asian holdings during the French Revolutionary occupation in 1795?

British

In what year did the Dutch resume control over their Southeast Asian holdings?

1808

What three Southeast Asian ports held by the British were known collectively as the Straits Settlements?

Panang, Malacca, and Singapore

Panang, Malacca, and Singapore (British SE Asian Ports) are known collectively as...

Straits Settlements

What act, caused the British East India Company to lose their monopoly on Chinese trade?

Charter Act of 1833

After the Charter Act of 1833, the British no longer valued Southeast Asian as a trade depot, but rather as a source of...

raw materials

Thailand is also known as...

Siam

In what decade did Siam (Thailand) begin to lose power to Britain? The Siamese emperor abandoned isolationist policies.

1820s

The Siamese monarch tried to fend off direct European conquest by launching an aggressive program of...

Westernization (including educational system, and foreign advisers)

The narrative of settlement in Australasia mirrored the conquest of the...

Americas

The British claimed Australia as this, an alternative to capital punishment.

penal colony

In what year did the British claim Australia as a penal colony?

1788

The British opposed emigration to Australia because it was a drain on...

manpower

In what decade did Australian settlement increase because of cash incentives?

1840s

What event caused European emigration to Australia to soar?

Australian Gold Rush

In what year did the Australian Gold Rush occur?

1851

The foundation of this company enticed Europeans to settle in New Zealand starting in 1839.

New Zealand Trading Company

How many British citizens emigrated in the 1850s?

1 million (mostly to Australia)

New Zealand and Australia were often called this because of the their unique position in the colonial hierarchy.

The White Dominions

In what decade did the British grant New Zealand and Australia limited autonomy?

1850s

What British colonial status offered domestic autonomy to settler colonies but retained British control over foreign policy and trade?

Dominion Status

In what year was Dominion status given to Canada?

1867

In what year was Dominion status given to Australia and New Zealand?

1907

In what year was Dominion status given to South Africa?

1910

What 1840 treaty promised the New Zealand native Maori protection of land rights? (Of course, this didn't last)

Waitangi Treaty

What is the name of the New Zealand indigenous tribe?

Maori

In what decade did the British government savagely intervene to crush Maori resistance?

1860s

This American naval commander signed a treaty which opened Japanese ports in 1854.

Commodore Matthew Perry

Commodore Matthew Perry was this nationality.

American

In what year did the Meiji Restoration dramatically change Japanese politics?

1868

The Meiji restoration dismantled this type of system.

feudal

The Meiji restoration overthrew this regime, and dismantled a feudal system that lasted for 7 centuries.

Tokugawa regime

What was the rapid program of industrialization and Westernization that catapulted Japan to be a world power starting in 1868

Meiji Restoration

Japan started its imperial reign by forcing trade concessions from this region starting in 1873.

Korea

Portuguese slave traders had settled in this region of Africa.

Angola

French traders had settled this part of Africa in the early 19th century.

Senegal

Dutch and English settlers settled this region of Africa in the early 19th century.

Cape of Good Hope

This resource from Africa was used to lubricate industrial machinery.

peanut and palm oil

This late 18th century organization was dedicated to British commercial expansion in Africa.

African Association

This man's expeditions up the Niger River in 1795 and 1805 brought him into contact with the sophisticated Fulani and Bambara states.

Mungo Park.

What two African states did Mungo park come into contact with in his expeditions up the Niger?

Fulani and Bambara

What river did Mungo Park explore?

Niger

What were the years of Mungo Park's two expeditions?

1795 and 1805

What were the four diseases that decimated European explorers in Africa?

dysentery, yellow fever, typhoid, malaria

What nationality was Mungo Park?

Scottish

In the early 19th century, doctors often (stupidly) prescribed this lethal "remedy" for malaria.

mercury

In what decade did European chemists discover quinine?

1820s

What plant does quinine come from?

cinchona tree

By what decade did Europeans discover that malaria could be used prophylactically?

1850s

Who invented the steam engine?

James Watt

What region of Africa was among the last to be colonized because of a lack of navigable water ways.

Horn of Africa

Many of the missionaries who went to Africa were this.

abolitionist evangelicals

Mission stations in the interior of Africa often attracted...

traders

Most African explorers made money through these two things.

books and lectures

Who wrote Missionary Travels?

David Livingstone

This missionary-explorer described his duel quest to open central Africa to commerce and religion, and he was one of the best known African explorers.

David Livingstone

What newspaper hired Henry Morton Stanley to find David Livingstone when he went missing in the Congo

New York Herald

Where did David Livingstone go missing, prompted a rescue mission by Henry Morton Stanley.

Congo

Who published How I Found Livingstone is 1872?

Henry Morton Stanley

Who wrote Tarzan of the Apes in 1912? (inspired by stupidness of Henry Morton Stanley)

Edgar Rice Burroughs

From what port did the French expand into the French interior?

Saint Louis

In what year did the French military invasion of Algiers begin?

1830

In what year did the French claim Algeria as a colony, after fighting a long resistance against Abdelkader (Abd-el Kader)

1869

In what event did 15000 Afrikaners migrate north of the Orange River to escape British control and seek land of their own?

Great Trek of 1835-1845

How many Afrikaners went north of the Orange River in the Great Trek of 1835-1845?

15000

Afrikaners went north of this to escape British control in 1835-1845.

Orange River

Afrikaners had to fight this southern Bantu group

Zulu

Afrikaners flourished north of the Orange river in this profession.

cattle ranchers

Name the three successful independent Afrikaner republics north of South Africa.

Natal, Orange Free State, Transvaal

In 1843, what Afrikaner colony did the British annex to cut the Afrikaners off from strategic coastal access.

Natal

In what year did the British recognize the autonomy of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal?

1854

In what decade did the Zulu leader King Shaka build a powerful and extensive empire in the Natal region?

1820s

What Bantu peoples did Shaka drive out?

Ndebele

This 1878-1879 war was the height of European and Zulu clashes. The British ultimately crushed the Zulu

Anglo-Zulu War

This battle was the first defeat of a European power by an African force.

Battle of Isandhlwana

The expansion of this religion in Africa triggered turmoil

Islam

An Islamic revival in this West African tribe led to the Sokoto Caliphate.

Fulani

The Islamic jihadist of the caliphate of sokoto clashed with this French colony.

Senegal

In what year what the Caliphate of Sokoto formed?

1809

An Islamic revival among the Fulani people led to an overthrow of Hausa chieftains and the establishment of this decentralized state structure in Western Africa.

Caliphate of Sokoto

In what year did Napoleon invade Egypt?

1798

In what battle did the British (backed by Ottoman Turks) destroy Napoleon's fleet in Egypt?

Battle of the Nile

This Albanian officer in the Ottoman army seized power in Egypt after the Battle of the Nile, causing the Ottomans to lose control of the province.

Mohammed Ali

What state did Mohammed Ali seize control of, taking power away from the Ottoman sultan.

Egypt

Who oversaw the European construction of the Suez canal?

Ferdinand Lessep

Europeans funded an Egyptian railroad between these two places.

Alexandria to Cairo

Mohammed Ali was this nationality.

Albanian

Who supported the British in the Battle of the Nile.

Ottoman Turks

What French leader sought to take over Egypt in 1798?

Napoleon

What another word to Islamic holy war?

jihad

In what region did King Shaka cause major disturbances by driving out Bantu peoples and clashing with Afrikaners?

Natal

What chieftains did the Fulani people overthrow to establish the Caliphate of Sokoto?

Hausa

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