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5th grade vocabulary terms review for the science Ohio Achievement Assessment

Photosynthesis

process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars

Barometer

an instrument used to measure air pressure

Cirrus Clouds

thin, white, wispy clouds with a feathery appearance

Refraction

The bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another

Friction

the force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub against each other

Metamorphosis

a change in form or shape, often from one stage of development to another, as a caterpillar turning into a butterfly

Collision

when two or more objects hit each other

Conductivity

the ability of a material to allow either heat or electricity to flow through it

Deciduous trees

trees that lose their leaves seasonally

Landslide

when rocks and soil suddenly drop down a steep slope

Carnivore

an animal that eats other animals

Competition

when living things compete for food, water, and space

Consumers

living things that eat other things, they do not make their own food

Cooperation

living things in the same environment help each other survive

Cumulonimbus Clouds

clouds that form thunderstorms

Cumulus Clouds

puffy white clouds that tend to have flat bottoms

Decomposers

living things like worms and bacteria that break down waste products and dead things

Deposition

when rocks, soil, and sediment is moved by erosion are left or deposited in a new place

Echo

reflected sound

Erosion

the process of rock and soil are worn down and carried away by wind and water

Evaporation

the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas

Extinct

no longer in existence

Fossil Fuels

coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.

Forces

pushing or pulling an object

Herbivore

any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants

Mass

the amount of matter something has

Non Renewable Resources

resource formed over a long period of time that can not be replaced or regrown

Omnivore

an animal that eats plants and animals

Pitch

how high or low a sound is

Predator

animal that hunts and eats other animals

Prey

animal hunted or caught for food

Producers

plants

Reflection

bouncing of light off a shiny surface, like a mirror

Renewable Resource

a resource that can be replaced or regrown, like a tree

Rotation

Earth spins on its axis causing day and night, 24 hours

Revolution

complete orbit around the sun in an elliptical path, takes one year

Sedimentary rocks

rocks made by layers of sand, mud, or other materials, these rocks usually show layers and have fossils

Stratus Clouds

thick, layered gray clouds that form blankets in the sky and are usually associated with rain and snow

Stem

brings water and minerals to the plant

Leaves

part of the plant that makes food from sun's energy (photosynthesis)

Temperate Forests

biome, occupy regions that have warm summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation, shed leaves in winter,

Temperature

measures thermal energy (heat)

Thermal energy

heat energy

Variable

anything that can be changed or might change in an experiment

Volume

how much space something takes up

Water Cycle

evaporation, precipitation, and condensation

Weathering

gradual wearing down of rocks by wind, water, and ice

3 States of Matter

solid, liquid, gas

3 types of rocks

igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic

Metamorphic rocks

rocks that have changed into another kind of rock

Igneous rocks

rocks formed from lava or magma as that has cooled

Food chain

sun-producer-consumer-decomposer

Elliptical orbit

An oval shaped path, used to describe the shape of the Earth's orbit around the Sun

Slow processe that change the Earth's surface

erosion, weathering, deposition, and mountain building

Rapid processes that change the Earth's surface

landslides, earthquakes, and volcanoes

Mutualism

a relationship between two species in which both species benefit

Germinate

cause to grow or sprout

Absorption

the taking in of sound energy by an object

Harmful effects of technology

war, harming environment, pollution, boring jobs, less time spent with family

Beneficial effects of technology

agricultural, transportation, communication, manufacturing, health care, entertainment, nutrition

Closed Circuit or Simple Circuit

electricity moves from battery through wire, to light bulb, through wire, back to battery

3 Parts of a Plant

roots, stem, leaves

Name the Biomes

temperate (deciduous) forest-tiaga (evergreen) forests-grasslands-tundra- saltwater- freshwater

Name the planets

mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn,uranus, and neptune

Mimicry

the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects

Insulators

Materials that prevent electric or heat from flowing through them.

Echo location

When animals use sound waves to locate something

Permafrost

ground that is permanently frozen in the Tundra

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