scientifically studies how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Fritz Heider suggested that we have tendency to give causal explanations for someone's behavior, often by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition
Foot in the Door Phenomenon
You start with asking people to do something small then they ask them to do something bigger and most everyone will say yes because they already have something and it makes them feel good
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency to overestimate the impact of personal disposition and underestimate the impact of the situations in analyzing the behaviors of others
Zimbardo Prison Study
Normal college students were invited to participate in an experiment which involved role-playing
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Leon Festinger, we experience tension when our thoughts run contrary to our behaviors. More dissonance we feel, the more mativated we are to find a reason to justify the though/action. We change the thought and the Action
Asch's Line Study, Feelings of incompetecy. group has at least 3 people, you have one percipient and the others are there to see if he goes along with them
Obedience, Milgram's Obedience Study
put the learner in one room and put the one who shocks them in another. The learners are actors and aren't really getting shocked but they act like them are and it really hurts. They are trying to see how will obey the teacher from higher up and more of them did
They greatest contribution of social psychology is its study of attitudes, beliefs, decisions, and actions and the way they are molded by
when people are around and we are doing something easy we tend to do it better kind of like showing off but if we are doing something harder then we tend to mess up more than we usually would
In a group working toward a goal on person will tend to slack off because there are other people in the group
When we are in a group we feel as our idinity is taken from us we are just one group
You dont do anything about anything when you see something happen make likely when other people are around
have the same believe as someone else and you are talking to them about it it makes your belief stronger
You have a group interacting together and you tend to conform to them
you have an attitude towards a group of people for no reason (stereotypes)
generalization towards a group of people
you have a behavior towards a group for no reason
Prejudice offers an outlet for angry peelings by allowing once to blame their troubles on someone else
The Psychology of Aggression
dealing with aversive events;
learning aggression is rewarding;
observing models of aggression; and
acquiring social scripts.
Studies in which animals and humans experience unpleasant events reveal that those made miserable often make others miserable.
Learning the Aggression is Rewarding
When aggression leads to desired outcomes, one learns to be aggressive. This is shown in both animals and humans.
Observing Models of Aggression
Sexually coercive men are promiscuous and hostile in their relationships with women. This coerciveness has increaded due to television viewing of R-and X-rated movies
When confronted with new situations individuals may rely on ..... if ..... are violent in nature, people may act them out.
Elements that affect attraction
Geographic nearness is powerful predictor of friendship. Repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases their attraction
An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship
a deep, affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined