Medical Terminology Ch. 7

30 terms by brodeldavid

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Respiratory System

cilia

hairs to filter incoming air

sinus

air filled cavity within the bonce that produces mucus

pharynx

throat

larynx

voice box that produces sound

trachea

windpipe; tube through which air moves

bronchial tree

branched airways that lead from the trachea to the microscopic air sacs called alveoli

pleura

the membrane that surrounds each lung

emphysema

disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult

epistaxis

nosebleed

pertussis

Whooping cough

phon/o

speech or voice

aphonia

loss of voice

dysphonia

difficulty producing speech sounds, usually due to hoarseness

pluerisy

inflammation of the pleura

pneum/o

lung

empyema

accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

hemoptysis

coughing up blood from the respiratory tract

atelectasis

collapsed lung

pnea

breathing

bradypnea

slow breathing

tachypnea

fast breathing

eupnea

normal breathing

apnea

absence of normal breathing

anoxia

abscence of oxygen in the body

asphyxiation

Suffocation

hypoxia

subnormal oxygen in the body

phlegm

thick mucus

bronchoconstrictor

agent causing narrowing of the bronchi

bronchodialator

agent that dilates the bronchi

stoma

mouth or opening

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