substantive due process
Constitutional requirement that governments act reasonably and that the substance of the laws themselves be fair and reasonable; limits what a government may do.
procedural due process
Constitutional requirement that governments proceed by proper methods; limits how government may exercise power.
a warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and to produce them in court
writs of assistance
legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled
evidence gained as the result of an illegal act by police cannot be used against the person from whom it was seized
A formal complaint before a grand jury which charges the accused with one or more crimes.
part of the 5th Amendment which says that no person can be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice. Once a person has been tried for a crime, he or she cannot be tried again for the same crime
The constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur.
a sum of money that the accused may be required to post as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court at the proper time
a law which allows federal judges to order that an accused felon be held, without bail, when there is good reason to believe that he or she will commit yet another serious crime before trial