deliberate use of microorganisms or toxins from living organisms to induce death or disease.
the fundamental right of children to life, liberty, education, and health care codified by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.
a category of belonging to a nation-state that includes civil, political, and social rights.
a system in which public policies and officials are directly chosen by popular vote.
the theory that if one country in a region chooses or is forced to accept a communist political and economic system, then neighboring countries would be irresistibly susceptible to communism.
form of government in which power is allocated to units of local government within the country.
state's power to control space or territory and shape the foreign policy of individual states and international political relations.
global civil society
set of institutions, organizations, and behaviors situated between the state, business world, and family including voluntary and non-profit organizations, philanthropic institutions, and social and political movements.
people's individual rights to justice, freedom, and equality, considered by most societies to belong automatically to all people.
group that includes two or more states seeking political and/or economic cooperation with each other.
orientation of contemporary politics around the international arena instead of the national.
group of people often sharing common elements of culture, such as religion or language or a history or political identity.
feeling of belonging to a nation as well as the belief that a nation has a natural right to determine its own affairs.
new world order
triumph of capitalism over communism, wherein the United States becomes the world's only superpower and therefore its policing force.
differentiation made between the colonizing states of the Northern Hemisphere and the formerly colonized states of the Southern Hemisphere.
feeling of collective identity based on a population's politico-territorial identification within a state or across state boundaries.
right of a group with a distinctive politico-territorial identity to determine its own destiny, at least in part, through the control of its own territory.
exercise of state power over people and territory, recognized by other states and codified by international law.
collections of individual states with a common goal that may be economic and/or political in nature.
delimited area over which a state exercises control and which is recognized by other states.