Six weeks after conception, the Sry gene on the Y chromosome of the human male triggers the production of ___.
In the absence of the Sry protein, the cortical cells of the primordial gonads develop into ___.
In the third month of male fetal development, the testes secrete testosterone and ___ substance.
The hormonal factor that triggers the development of the human Mullerian system is the lack of ___ around the third month of fetal development.
The scrotum and the ___ develop from the same bi-potential precursor.
The female pattern of cyclic ___ release from the anterior pituitary develops in adulthood unless androgens are present in the body during the perinatal period.
It has been hypothesized that perinatal testosterone must first be changed to estradiol before it can masculinize the male rat brain. This is called the ___ hypothesis.
___ is normally responsible for pubic and axillary hair growth in human females during puberty.
Girls usually begin puberty ___ boys do.
The simplistic, seductive, but incorrect assumption that sexual differentiation occurs because male and female sex hormones trigger programs of development that are parallel but opposite to one another has been termed the ___.
Androgenic insensitivity syndrome
Genetic male, sparse public hair, short vagina
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
David Reimer, destruction of penis
Castrated females, gonadectomized males
Castrated females, gonadectomized females
Unable to achieve erection
Anabolic steriods, breats on mean
Anabolic steroids, cessation of menstruation
Anabolic steroids, excessive body hair
Reduction of oxygen to brain, effects can be reduced by estradiol
The ovaries and testes are ___.
Gonadotropin is released by the ___.
Releasing hormones are released by the ___.
Which terms refers specifically to the surgical removal of the testes?
girls but not boys
Adrenogenital syndrome typically has severe consequences for ___.
The theory that the subjective experience of emotion is triggered by ANS responses is called the ___ theory.
The pattern of aggressive responses observed in decorticate animals is called ___.
Between the amygdala and the fornix in the limbic system is the ___.
A Duchenne smile, but not a false smile, involves contraction of the ___.
Aggression directed by the alpha male of a colony at male intruder is called ___ aggression.
The usual target site of rat defensive attacks is the ___ of the attacking rat.
Testosterone increase ___ aggression in rats.
In humans, most violent outburts that are labeled as aggression are more appropriatedly viewed as ___ attacks.
The establishing of a fear response to a previously neutral stimuluis, such as a tone, is accomplished by fear ___.
In the typical auditory fear-conditioning experiment, the ___ is a tone.
medial geniculate nucleus
Auditory fear conditioning to simpole tones depends on a pathway from the ___ to the amygdala.
Unlike auditory fear conditioning to simple tones, fear condidtioning to complex sounds involves ___.
The prefrontal cortex is throught to act on the ___ of the amygdala to inhibit conditioned fear.