any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
authoritarian parenting style
Parenting style in which parents are demanding and unresponsive toward their children's needs or wishes.
authoritative parenting style
Parenting style in which parents set clear standards for their children's behavior but are also responsive to their children's needs and wishes.
behavior that is atypical for one's own sex but typical for the opposite sex
the ability to control emotional states and emotion-related behavior
the ability to identify with someone else and understand that person's situation of feelings
closly related people of several generations such as brother sisters parents uncles aunts grandperent and great grandparents
the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female
A full understanding of the biologically based permanence of one's gender, including the realization that sex remains the same even if clothing, hairstyle, and play activities change
recognizing being a boy or a girl
gender schema theory
the theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly
the stage of gender identity in which the child recognizes that gender is stable over time.
Kohlberg's second stage of gender understanding, in which preschoolers grasp the stability of sex over time.
aggression in which the prime objective is inflicting some kind of harm on the victim or gain an advantage.
a discipline strategy in which parents explain to children why a punished behavior is wrong
hurtful behavior that is intended to get or keep something that another person has
general approach to interacting with and disciplining children- 4 types: authoritarian, permissive, authoritative, uninvolved. based on 2 dimensions: support and control
permissive parenting style
a parenting style that allows freedom, lax parenting that doesn't set limits or enforce rules constantly
the ability to classify others according to categories such as age, gender, and race
Positive, constructive, helpful behavior.
The opposite of antisocial behavior
different patterns of behavior exhibited by boys and girls
the theoretical perspective that asserts that social and personality development in early childhood is related to improvements in the cognitive domain
a set of behaviors that usually lead to being accepted as a play partner or friend by peers
uninvolved parenting style
a style of parenting that is low in nurturance, maturity, demands, control, and communication