Sir Edward Grey
Britain's foreign minister, foresaw the horror ahead; said "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
The ruler of Austria-Hungary when WWI started. He was planning to attack Serbia for their ports. When Serbia murdered Franz Ferdinand, he attacked Serbia, which effectively started WWI.
The want for a overall Slavic country, wanted to support Slavic nationalism in Europe, esp in the Balkans
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
Bosnia & Herzegovina
territory annexed by Austria in 1908, humiliating and angering the Russians
Three Emperor's League
a conservative alliance formed by Bismarck in 1873 to link the conservative monarchs of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Germany against radical movements
capital of the state of North Dakota
France and Russia (France needed protection)
The 1904 "gentleman's agreement" between France and Britain establishing a close understanding.
an association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and its dependencies and many former British colonies that are now sovereign states but owe allegiance to the British Crown
It stressed strong German nationalism and advocated imperialism as a tool to overcome social divisions and unite all classes. They were also anti-Semitic.
British and French make deal, French accept Brit. rule in Egypt, Brit. support French to dominate Morrocco. Germany don't like alliance, don't accept, call international conference, Algeciras Conference of 1906, brings Brit+French closer together, Germany gets nothing except no friends except for Austria/Hungary. Anglo-French Entente of 1904 settled all colonial issues
the existing state of affairs
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform
In 1846 it started with a pig being slaughtered and caused the border between the US and Canada to be settles and settled ownership of San Juan Islands
Austria annexed bosnia and herzegovina angering the serbs and russians; William II forced Russia to accept annexes or face war with germany
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
a final peremptory demand
Germany swears to support Austria-Hungary in any actions it takes against Serbia
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
French plan for war. Rapid attack. Sent armies to Alsace-Lorraine and wanted to engage Germans in combat and drive them back. The way to Berlin would be open while they were doing this.
A Jolly Little War
British thought this would be over by Christmas
Home Rule Bill
This bill would give home rule to Ireland. It was defeated twice, but passes the third time. It was implemented after World War I.
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Battle of Valmy
the French defeated the Austrian and Prussian troops in 1792 (with a famous cannonade from the French artillery). While practically the victory was laughable (the French were no better off) it proved to be such a moral booster that France, which had been destroyed up to that point in the war, began to win the War of the First Coalition allowing Robespierre and the National Convention to remain safely in power, despite the Reign of Terror
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
German "ace" (pilot) who shot down over 80 enemy planes during World War I
the civilian population (and their activities) of a country at war
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons Amereica decided to join the war.
a telegram from Germany to Mexico telling them to invade the U.S. promising land and recources. Britian intercepted it.
Peace, Land, Bread
The slogan used by Lenin to win the support of the people; Peace appealed to the soldiers; Land appealed to the peasants; and Bread appealed to the workers.
Wilson's Fourteen Points
President Wilson's Peace proposal in 1918 stressed national self-determination and the rights of the small countries. Freedom of the seas and free trade. Clemenceau said, "God only had ten."
General in Great Britain, untertook the reconquest of the Sudan