I; sensory; sense of smell
II; sensory; vision (cross on the bottom of brain at optic chiasm)
III; motor; moves eye upward, downward, medially, rotates upward and to the side, pupillary light reflex, raises the eyelid
IV; motor; rotates the eye downward and to the side
V; mixed; facial sensations(sensory) and muscles for chewing (motor); (oplithalimic, maxillary, mandibular)
VI; motor; abducts the eye
VII; mixed; tast from front of tongue(sensory) and facial expressions(motor->includes tear and salivary ducts)
VIII; sensory; hearing and balance
IX; mixed; back of the throat and taste in back of tongue (sensory) and swallowing and salivary glands(motor) (involved in gage reflex)
X; mixed; motor and sensory messages to/from all organs
XI; motor; speech and muscles of neck and back
XII; motor; moves the tongue (speech and eating)
a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system.
A nerve carrying impulses from the brain or spinal cord to a muscle or gland.