Cell Division (for final exam)
|Cell Division||process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells|
The longest period of a cells life in which the cell grows, copies its DNA, and synthesizes proteins Fx. Receives signal to divide Ex. Growth hormone
(Prepratory) First and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus
(middle) The second stage in mitosis in which the duplicated chromosomes line up along the middle (equatorial plane) of cell
(apart) The third phase of mitosis, during which the chromatid pairs separate and move toward opposite poles
(terminal) The cytoplasm seperates (cytokinesis). Two new cells contain sames number of chromosomes as the original cell.
|G1||in interphase - cell grows rapidly, builds new organelles, phase where the cell spends most time|
|G2||The phase in interphase when the cell begins to form centrioles and other parts to prepare for cell division (mitosis)|
|S Phase||The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interphase during which DNA is replicated.|
|Cytokinesis||The division of the cytoplasm|
|Mitosis||the process in which the nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei|
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