A method of tone production, where the player controls the flow of air by silently speaking the syllable 'tu' or 'du'.
A technique used to play fast staccato passages by silently speaking 'tu-ku-tu-ku' while blowing in the mouthpiece.
A technique used to play fast staccato triplet passages by silently speaking 'tu-ku-tu' or 'tu-tu-ku' while blowing into the mouthpiece.
A technique used to play fast chromatic passages by rolling an 'r' with the tongue while blowing into the mouthpiece.
Two or more notes within a slur are to be played in one breath of air.
A technique used to produce notes at an octave higher by adjusting the lip pressure and breath while repeating the same fingering used for notes in the lower octave.
Overblowing for Clarinet
At a perfect 12th
the method of blowing
The tone quality of the flute:
Low register- warm and rich, middle register- clear, top register- brilliant
The tone quality of the oboe:
Low register- thick, middle register- clear and penetrating, top register- thin and shrill
The tone quality of the clarinet:
Chalameu register- rich and dark, throat register- pale and thin, clarino register- brilliant and bright, highest range- shrill
The tone quality of the bassoon:
Low register- thick and reedy, middle register- solemn and sonorous, high register- plaintive