What are somatoform diseases?
when physical ailments are caused by psychological factors like emotional distress
What are somatoform disorders?
physical ailments that cannot be explained by biological conditions alone and are due to psychological factors
What is malingering?
deliberate faking of illness for personal gain
Is malingering a somatoform disorder?
What are the three types of somatoform disorders?
somatization, conversion, and hypochondriasis
What is somatization disorder? (type of somatoform disorder)
marked by history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological
In which sex does somatization disorder typically appear?
What is somatization disorder characterized by?
unrelated complaints about minor physical ailments, stress, long and complicated medical history
What is conversion disorder?
loss of physical function with no biological basis
What is peculiar about patient's condition that classifies them as having conversion disorder?
patient's symptoms are not consistent with medical history of apparent disease
What is hypochondriasis?
excessive preoccupation with health
What are the three causes of somatoform disorders?
cognitive distortions, personality, and learning
What are the cognitive causes of somatoform disorders?
believing that any minor bodily ailments are unhealthy/life threatening
What are the personality causes of somatoform disorders?
neuroticism and pathological care-seeking
What are the learning causes of somatoform disorders?
The Sick Role: learning that they can makes excuses for themselves and get attention from illness