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aesthetic

experience in arts or life that we value for no reason

beauty

pleasing arrangement of parts that affect us aesthetically

discipline

given art form/field of study

humanisms

movement, studied Greek and Rome/now study of cultures

humanities

"best products of best minds"-Greek and Rome/now creative expression around world

Renaissance man

label applied to De Vinci- genius in many areas

alienation

ideal non-emotional state, viewer able to derive author's message

Apollonian

from Greek god light and truth/orderly and rational

context

environment, background, circumstance

critical thinking

rational and logical analysis/gather info and draw conclusions

Dionysian

Greek god wine and vegetation/spontaneity, lack of order, passion

empathy

identifying with another person, involved in their problems

figuratist

critical thinker, colorful and playful, metaphors

imagery

found in poetry, pictures words create

literalist

non-critical person, concern for immediate moment

sonnet

14 line poem, rules length, rhythm, pattern

rationalizing

justifying something we've done

review

evaluation of a work

archetype

model that subconsciously becomes part of our thinking

collective unconscious

Jung's phrase, universality of myths and archetypes

gender roles

male and female behavior

karma

Hindu, tabulation of people's deeds throughout their life

monomyth

fundamental myth of all cultures

mythology

collective myths of culture/study of myths

myths

tales transmitted from generation to generation

blank verse

doesn't rhyme

classic

work that continues to be read

conceit

elaborate description of something

couplet

2 consecutive lines of poetry

epic

narrative with hero

epiphany

insight to life/climax

genre

distinct category

haiku

Japanese poetic form, usually presents one image

iambic pentameter

classical rhythmic scheme

lyrical poetry

musical in nature, love

masterpiece

literary work that towers above the others

metaphor

something abstract is described in terms of something concrete

novella

shorter than novel, longer than short story

romance

brave knight and his love for a beautiful lady

scanning

marking line's syllables as stressed or unstressed

sonnet

14 line verse, strict rhythm and rhyme scheme

abstract art

art that takes from reality

alteration

how modern artist changes reality by adding things not found in nature

chiaroscuro

Italian term, interplay of light and shadow

classicism

art and architecture in 5th century Athens

collage

variety of materials put together

fresco

artwork painted on walls

Golden Section

pleasing relationship between 2 sides of a plane

imitation

transfer of what is experienced to art

likeness

reproduction by artist of a person or landscape

media

materials in which an artist works

modernism

art movement 19/20th century

perspective

technique of rendering objects as they appear

postmodernism

art late 20th century to present

psychological realism

convey inner life of their figures

realism

art as likeness

Renaissance

artistic, political and social movement

still life

painting in which artist reproduces an arrangement of objects

atonality

characteristic of avant-garde music, no regard for key

avant-garde

art that defines traditional forms

baroque

artistic style of 17/18th century, complexity

chamber music

composition for small ensembles

chromatic scale

12 tones, both white and black keys

counterpoint

2 melodic lines played against each other

diatonic scale

12 tones, white piano keys only

dissonance

2+ uncongenial notes sung at same time

fugue

lengthy musical compostion

half-tone

half of interval between 2 notes

harmony

2+ congenial sung at same time

hip-hop

includes rap

improvisation

spontaneous variation on a stated musical theme

key

scale that dominates in musical composition

melody

tones flowing in sequence

minimalism

music that rebels against excesses

pentatonic scale

5 tone musical scale

ragtime

genre, jazz

rap

subgenre of hip-hop, sung/spoken

rhythm

alteration of stress and unstress

rock

loud and insistent beat

rock n roll

1950s, grew out of rhythm and blues

scale

orderly progression of sound wave low to high

symphony

orchestral form, 4 separate sections

syncopation

melodic line of piece played against accented beats of rhythm

toccata

improvisation, display of musical virtuosity

tone

single sound produced by human or instrument

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