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warming the site makes blood collection_____ and _____.

easier, faster=workbook page 189

The temperature of the material used to warm the site must not exceed______.

42 degrees celcius (108 degrees fahrenheit) =workbook page 182

when collecting blood from a crying infant ______ is affected the most.

WBC (white blood cells)=workbook page 172

allowing the patient to pump his/her fist is a cause of______.

Hemoconcentration = workbook page 165

icterus, a condition characterized by increased bilirubin is______.

Jaundice (yellow discolored skin)=workbook page 158

Microorganisms or their toxins; AKA: Microbes in the bloodstream are_______.

Septicemia= workbook page 206

Even if the specimen is the only one being tested at that time, to avoid errors______.

label the specimen cup with the patients label.= workbook page 213

word elements of Cryofibrinogen.

Word Root: CRY , Meaning: cold
Combining Vowel_O_
Word Root: , FIBRIN Meaning: fiber
Combining Vowel_O_
Suffix: GEN , Meaning: substance

What is the test for the Amniotic fluid specimen?

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)= workbook page 239

word elements of meningitis.

Word root: MENINGES, Meaning: Membrane
suffix: ITIS, Meaning: inflammation

What is an ABG (Aterial Blood Gas) test?

Test used to asses a patients Oxygenation, Ventilation, and Acid- Base Balance.

Word elements of hypodermic.

Prefix: HYPO, Meaning: low, under
Word Root: DERM, Meaning: skin
Suffix: IC, Meaning: pertaining to

Mucus or Pghlegm that is ejected from the trachea, bronchi, and lungs through deep coughing is_____.

Sputum. (page 446)

Sputum specimens are sometimes collected in the diagnosis or monitoring of lower respiratory tract infections. A common infection tested by sputum culture is_____.

Tuberculosis(TB), caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (page 446)

The Sputum test for TB is often called an ___ culture.

AFB, or acid-fast bacillus. (page 446)

First morning sputums are prefered. why is this?

Secretions tend to collect in the lungs overnight and a larger volume of specimen can be produced. (page 446)

It is also best to collect a sputum specimen at least one hour after a meal. why is this?

To minimize the risk that the patient will gag or vomit. (page 446)

What is the procedure for a sputum coulture?

* patient must rince his/her mouth and gargle with water to minimize contamination with mouth flora or syliva.
*The patient is instructed to take three or four slow, deep breaths (inhaling to full capacity and exhaling fully) then cough forcefully on the last breath, coughing up a sputum, into a sterile container.
*A minimum of three to five mL is typically required for most sputum coultures.
* this process is repeated until a sufficient amount of sputum is obtained. (page 446)

Sputum Specimen Handling consists of___________________________.

* transported at room temperature.
*Require immediate processing upon the arrival in the laboratory to maintain specimen qualtiy. (page 446)

Sweat is analyzed for chloride in the diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis, a disorder of the exocrine glands that affects many body systems predominately in children and adolescentents under the age of twenty. What four major body systems does Cystic Fibrosis affect?

*Lungs
*Upper resiratory tract
*liver
*pancrease
(page 446)

Patients with Cystic fibrosis have abnormally high levels (two to five times normal) of chloride in their sweat, which can be tested by the_________.

Sweat Chloride test (page 446)

The Sweat Chloride test involves transporting pilocarpine ( a sweat-stimulating drug) into the skin by means of electrical stimulation from electrodes placed on the skin. This process is called________.

Iontophoresis (page 446)

What is the prefered site for the sweat test?

*the forearm is preffered
*the leg or thigh may be used on infants or toddlers
(page 446)

Sweat is collected, weighed to determine the volume, and analyzed for_____ ______.

Chloride content. (page 446)

Sweat specimens can also be collected to detect illicit drug use. what is the process for the Sweat test to determine drug use?

sweat is collected on patches placed on the skin for extended periods of time and then tested for drugs. (page 446)

what is the result of damages RBC`s?

Hemolysis (workbook page 171)

Abbreviation for indwelling line is?

CVAD (workbook page 171)

Possible result for Mastectomy is?

Edema (workbook page 171)

Medical term for fainting is?

Syncope (workbook page 171)

Catheter placed in an artery, most commonly the Radial is?

A-line (workbook page 158)

Surgical joining of an artery and a vein is?

AV shunt/Fistula (workbook page 158)

Resting Metabolic state of the body early in the morning after 12 hour fast is?

Basal state (workbook page 158)

Product of the breaking down of RBC`s.

Bilirubin (workbook page 158)

Central venous catheter.

CVC (workbook page 158)

happening daily or having a 24-hour cycle.

Diurnal/circadian (workbook page 158)

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues.

Edema ( workbook page 158)

Swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel.

Hematoma/bruise (workbook page 158)

Decrease in blood fluid with an increase in nonfilterable components.

Hemoconcentration (workbook page 158)

Destruction of RBC`s and release of hemaglobin in the serum or plasma.

Hemolysis (workbook page 158)

A specimen determined by Hemolysis.

Hemolyzed (workbook page 158)

An adverse condition due to the effects of treatment.

Iatrogenic (workbook page 158)

A specimen marked by Jaundice.

Icteric (workbook page 158)

Within or pertaining to the inside of the vein.

IV (workbook page 158)

A condition characterized by increased Bilirubin.

Jaundice (workbook page 158)

condition of increased lipid content in the blood.

Lipemia (workbook page 158)

Serum or plasma that has a milky look.

Lipemic (workbook page 158)

Stoppage or obstruction of normal lympth flow.

Lympostasis (workbook page 158)

Breast Removal.

Mastectomy (workbook page 158)

tiny nonraised red spots on the patients skin.

Petechiae (workbook page 158)

Peripherally inserted central catehter.

PICC (workbook page 158)

Backflow of blood into the vein during venipuncture.

Reflux (workbook page 158)

Hard, cord-like, and lacking resilience.

Sclerosed (workbook page 158)

Clotted. or denoting a vessel containing a clot.

Thrombosed (workbook page 158)

Capillary specimen collected from a warmed site.

Arterialized (workbook page 178)

A drop of blood spread thin on a microscope slide.

blood film/smear (workbook page 178)

Heel bone.

Calcaneous (workbook page 178)

Capillary Blood Gasses; blood gas test on capillary specimen.

CBG`s (workbook page 178)

Bluish in color from lack of oxygen.

Cyanotic (workbook page 178)

Microscopic examination of a blood smear to identify number,type, and characteristics of blood cells.

Differential (workbook page 178)

thinnest layer of a properly made blood smear.

Feather (workbook page 178)

Disorder characterized by an inherited inability to metabolize a milk sugar.

Galactosemia (workbook page 178)

Disorddeer characterized by insufficient levels of thyroid hormones.

Hypothyroidism (workbook page 178)

Fluid in the tissue spaces between the cells.

interstitial fluid (workbook page 178)

fluid within the cells.

Intrecellular fluid (workbook page 178)

Sharp-pointed or bladed instrument used for capillary puncture.

Lancet (workbook page 178)

Special small plastic collecttion tubes used to collect capillary specimens.

Microcollection tubes (workbook page 178)

Narrow-bore 50-75mL capillary tubes.

microhematocrit tubes (workbook page 178)

Routine testing of newbornes for the presence of certain disorders.

Newborn/Neonatal screening (workbook page 178)

Inflammation of the bone and cartilage.

Osteochondritis (workbook page 178)

Inflammation of the bone marrow and the adjacent bone.

Oseteomyelitis (workbook page 178)

Disorder involving a defect in the metobolism of phenylalanine.

PKU (workbook page 178)

Back of the heel.

Posterior curvature (workbook page 178)

Spiral pattern on the fingerprint.

Whorls (workbook page 178)

Coagulation test used to monitor Heparin therapy.

ACT

Incresed blood potassium.

Hyperkalemia

Scientific symbol for mercury.

Hg

Blood types suitable to mix.

Compatible

BAC tests for this type of alcohol.

ETOH

Blood donated by people who will use it themselves.

Autologus

Another name for occult blood testing.

Guaiac

Institute that defines collection requirments for urine drug screenings.

NIDA

Company that makes surgicutt tools.

ITC

Blood bank identification system.

Typenex

Type of antimicrobial resin.

ARD

The correct name for a heart attack. (Abbreviation.)

BMP

Type of (Hgb) Hemaglobin that is measured in blood plasma.

Free

Quality control that is built into the instrument (Abbreviation.)

EQC

Proccess in place to make sure that testing is done properly.

(QA) Quality assurance

Agency that regulates blood products.

FDA

Body fluid excreted by the kidneys.

Urine

Approximate number of gestational weeks for peak levels of HCG.

Ten

Cardiac protein specific for heart muscle.

TNT

Name of POC instrument made by IL.

GEM

Handheld POC chemistry analyzer.

Istat

Small, individual POC testing unit for various analytes.

Cartridge

Type of glucose meter.

Accucheck

POC test that evaluates platelet function.

BT

BC media bottle used to grow microbes needing air.

Aerobic

Process of clumping together.

Agglutination

Pertaining to a low glucose level.

Hypoglycemia

Partial thromboplastin time.

PTT

Identification (Abbreviation.)

ID

Strict protocol for forensic specimens.

Chain of custody

tight glycemic index.

TGC

Small portable POC instruments.

Handheld

Microorganisms or their toxins in the blood.

Septicemia

Volunteer who gives blood for another persons use.

Donor

Body matter/discharge used for occult blood testing.

Feces

name of charcoal antimirobial resin bottle.

FAN

BC media bottle used to grow microbes without air.

Anaerobic

Urinalysis (Abbreviation.)

UA

Law that states qualifications for personel who do POC testing.

CLIA

A 9:1 ratio of blood to this anticoagulant is required.

Citrate

Extended test used to diagnose carbohydrate metabloism issues.

GTT

POCT kidney function test (Abbreviation.)

BUN

One of the electrolytes measyred by POC instruments.

NA (sodium)

Information that has been collected for analysis and computation.

Data

Another name for a sample being tested.

Specimen

Of or relating to electrons.

Electronic

Fluid portion of living blood.

Plasma

Patient identification (Abbreviation.)

ID

Time from collection to result.

TAT (turn around time)

Process of using a mechanical device made to duplicate human function.

Robotics

Blood spray when tube stopper is removed.

Aerosol

To be formed into ice.

Freeze

Abbreviation for less than the amount needed.

QNS

Place for keeping data.

Storage

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

CPR

Process of spinning blood tubes at high RPM`s.

Centrifugation

Test for diffuse coagulation throughout the body (Abbreviation.)

DIC

Method of doing something in stepwise procedure.

Process

Collection viles.

Tubes

Record sample in the order recieved.

Accession

Fluid in a clotted tube.

Serum

Crucial consideration when loading a centrifuge.

Ballance

Substance used to make slurry for chilling specimens.

Ice

Abbreviation used for purposes of tracking specimen.

Code

Portion of specimen used for testing.

Aliquot

Anticoagulant in green top tube.

Heparin

Memory-aiding abbreviations.

Mnuemonics

Agency that regulates packaging on airlines.

FAA

Protective covering or structure.

Sheild

Make specimen clot to slow down the metabolic processess.

Chill

Way to measure centrifuge speed.

Rems

Anticoagulant in lavendar tubes.

EDTA

Plasma tubes with separator gels.

PST (plasma separator tube)

Serum tubes with a separator gel.

SST (serum separator tube)

Test measuring rate of RBC sedimentation (Abbreviation.)

ESR

Urine sample collection method.

Clean catch

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