warming the site makes blood collection_____ and _____.
easier, faster=workbook page 189
The temperature of the material used to warm the site must not exceed______.
42 degrees celcius (108 degrees fahrenheit) =workbook page 182
when collecting blood from a crying infant ______ is affected the most.
WBC (white blood cells)=workbook page 172
allowing the patient to pump his/her fist is a cause of______.
Hemoconcentration = workbook page 165
icterus, a condition characterized by increased bilirubin is______.
Jaundice (yellow discolored skin)=workbook page 158
Microorganisms or their toxins; AKA: Microbes in the bloodstream are_______.
Septicemia= workbook page 206
Even if the specimen is the only one being tested at that time, to avoid errors______.
label the specimen cup with the patients label.= workbook page 213
word elements of Cryofibrinogen.
Word Root: CRY , Meaning: cold
Word Root: , FIBRIN Meaning: fiber
Suffix: GEN , Meaning: substance
What is the test for the Amniotic fluid specimen?
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)= workbook page 239
word elements of meningitis.
Word root: MENINGES, Meaning: Membrane
suffix: ITIS, Meaning: inflammation
What is an ABG (Aterial Blood Gas) test?
Test used to asses a patients Oxygenation, Ventilation, and Acid- Base Balance.
Word elements of hypodermic.
Prefix: HYPO, Meaning: low, under
Word Root: DERM, Meaning: skin
Suffix: IC, Meaning: pertaining to
Mucus or Pghlegm that is ejected from the trachea, bronchi, and lungs through deep coughing is_____.
Sputum. (page 446)
Sputum specimens are sometimes collected in the diagnosis or monitoring of lower respiratory tract infections. A common infection tested by sputum culture is_____.
Tuberculosis(TB), caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (page 446)
The Sputum test for TB is often called an ___ culture.
AFB, or acid-fast bacillus. (page 446)
First morning sputums are prefered. why is this?
Secretions tend to collect in the lungs overnight and a larger volume of specimen can be produced. (page 446)
It is also best to collect a sputum specimen at least one hour after a meal. why is this?
To minimize the risk that the patient will gag or vomit. (page 446)
What is the procedure for a sputum coulture?
* patient must rince his/her mouth and gargle with water to minimize contamination with mouth flora or syliva.
*The patient is instructed to take three or four slow, deep breaths (inhaling to full capacity and exhaling fully) then cough forcefully on the last breath, coughing up a sputum, into a sterile container.
*A minimum of three to five mL is typically required for most sputum coultures.
* this process is repeated until a sufficient amount of sputum is obtained. (page 446)
Sputum Specimen Handling consists of___________________________.
* transported at room temperature.
*Require immediate processing upon the arrival in the laboratory to maintain specimen qualtiy. (page 446)
Sweat is analyzed for chloride in the diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis, a disorder of the exocrine glands that affects many body systems predominately in children and adolescentents under the age of twenty. What four major body systems does Cystic Fibrosis affect?
*Upper resiratory tract
Patients with Cystic fibrosis have abnormally high levels (two to five times normal) of chloride in their sweat, which can be tested by the_________.
Sweat Chloride test (page 446)
The Sweat Chloride test involves transporting pilocarpine ( a sweat-stimulating drug) into the skin by means of electrical stimulation from electrodes placed on the skin. This process is called________.
Iontophoresis (page 446)
What is the prefered site for the sweat test?
*the forearm is preffered
*the leg or thigh may be used on infants or toddlers
Sweat is collected, weighed to determine the volume, and analyzed for_____ ______.
Chloride content. (page 446)
Sweat specimens can also be collected to detect illicit drug use. what is the process for the Sweat test to determine drug use?
sweat is collected on patches placed on the skin for extended periods of time and then tested for drugs. (page 446)
what is the result of damages RBC`s?
Hemolysis (workbook page 171)
Abbreviation for indwelling line is?
CVAD (workbook page 171)
Possible result for Mastectomy is?
Edema (workbook page 171)
Medical term for fainting is?
Syncope (workbook page 171)
Catheter placed in an artery, most commonly the Radial is?
A-line (workbook page 158)
Surgical joining of an artery and a vein is?
AV shunt/Fistula (workbook page 158)
Resting Metabolic state of the body early in the morning after 12 hour fast is?
Basal state (workbook page 158)
Product of the breaking down of RBC`s.
Bilirubin (workbook page 158)
Central venous catheter.
CVC (workbook page 158)
happening daily or having a 24-hour cycle.
Diurnal/circadian (workbook page 158)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues.
Edema ( workbook page 158)
Swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel.
Hematoma/bruise (workbook page 158)
Decrease in blood fluid with an increase in nonfilterable components.
Hemoconcentration (workbook page 158)
Destruction of RBC`s and release of hemaglobin in the serum or plasma.
Hemolysis (workbook page 158)
A specimen determined by Hemolysis.
Hemolyzed (workbook page 158)
An adverse condition due to the effects of treatment.
Iatrogenic (workbook page 158)
A specimen marked by Jaundice.
Icteric (workbook page 158)
Within or pertaining to the inside of the vein.
IV (workbook page 158)
A condition characterized by increased Bilirubin.
Jaundice (workbook page 158)
condition of increased lipid content in the blood.
Lipemia (workbook page 158)
Serum or plasma that has a milky look.
Lipemic (workbook page 158)
Stoppage or obstruction of normal lympth flow.
Lympostasis (workbook page 158)
Mastectomy (workbook page 158)
tiny nonraised red spots on the patients skin.
Petechiae (workbook page 158)
Peripherally inserted central catehter.
PICC (workbook page 158)
Backflow of blood into the vein during venipuncture.
Reflux (workbook page 158)
Hard, cord-like, and lacking resilience.
Sclerosed (workbook page 158)
Clotted. or denoting a vessel containing a clot.
Thrombosed (workbook page 158)
Capillary specimen collected from a warmed site.
Arterialized (workbook page 178)
A drop of blood spread thin on a microscope slide.
blood film/smear (workbook page 178)
Calcaneous (workbook page 178)
Capillary Blood Gasses; blood gas test on capillary specimen.
CBG`s (workbook page 178)
Bluish in color from lack of oxygen.
Cyanotic (workbook page 178)
Microscopic examination of a blood smear to identify number,type, and characteristics of blood cells.
Differential (workbook page 178)
thinnest layer of a properly made blood smear.
Feather (workbook page 178)
Disorder characterized by an inherited inability to metabolize a milk sugar.
Galactosemia (workbook page 178)
Disorddeer characterized by insufficient levels of thyroid hormones.
Hypothyroidism (workbook page 178)
Fluid in the tissue spaces between the cells.
interstitial fluid (workbook page 178)
fluid within the cells.
Intrecellular fluid (workbook page 178)
Sharp-pointed or bladed instrument used for capillary puncture.
Lancet (workbook page 178)
Special small plastic collecttion tubes used to collect capillary specimens.
Microcollection tubes (workbook page 178)
Narrow-bore 50-75mL capillary tubes.
microhematocrit tubes (workbook page 178)
Routine testing of newbornes for the presence of certain disorders.
Newborn/Neonatal screening (workbook page 178)
Inflammation of the bone and cartilage.
Osteochondritis (workbook page 178)
Inflammation of the bone marrow and the adjacent bone.
Oseteomyelitis (workbook page 178)
Disorder involving a defect in the metobolism of phenylalanine.
PKU (workbook page 178)
Back of the heel.
Posterior curvature (workbook page 178)
Spiral pattern on the fingerprint.
Whorls (workbook page 178)
Coagulation test used to monitor Heparin therapy.
Incresed blood potassium.
Scientific symbol for mercury.
Blood types suitable to mix.
BAC tests for this type of alcohol.
Blood donated by people who will use it themselves.
Another name for occult blood testing.
Institute that defines collection requirments for urine drug screenings.
Company that makes surgicutt tools.
Blood bank identification system.
Type of antimicrobial resin.
The correct name for a heart attack. (Abbreviation.)
Type of (Hgb) Hemaglobin that is measured in blood plasma.
Quality control that is built into the instrument (Abbreviation.)
Proccess in place to make sure that testing is done properly.
(QA) Quality assurance
Agency that regulates blood products.
Body fluid excreted by the kidneys.
Approximate number of gestational weeks for peak levels of HCG.
Cardiac protein specific for heart muscle.
Name of POC instrument made by IL.
Handheld POC chemistry analyzer.
Small, individual POC testing unit for various analytes.
Type of glucose meter.
POC test that evaluates platelet function.
BC media bottle used to grow microbes needing air.
Process of clumping together.
Pertaining to a low glucose level.
Partial thromboplastin time.
Strict protocol for forensic specimens.
Chain of custody
tight glycemic index.
Small portable POC instruments.
Microorganisms or their toxins in the blood.
Volunteer who gives blood for another persons use.
Body matter/discharge used for occult blood testing.
name of charcoal antimirobial resin bottle.
BC media bottle used to grow microbes without air.
Law that states qualifications for personel who do POC testing.
A 9:1 ratio of blood to this anticoagulant is required.
Extended test used to diagnose carbohydrate metabloism issues.
POCT kidney function test (Abbreviation.)
One of the electrolytes measyred by POC instruments.
Information that has been collected for analysis and computation.
Another name for a sample being tested.
Of or relating to electrons.
Fluid portion of living blood.
Patient identification (Abbreviation.)
Time from collection to result.
TAT (turn around time)
Process of using a mechanical device made to duplicate human function.
Blood spray when tube stopper is removed.
To be formed into ice.
Abbreviation for less than the amount needed.
Place for keeping data.
Process of spinning blood tubes at high RPM`s.
Test for diffuse coagulation throughout the body (Abbreviation.)
Method of doing something in stepwise procedure.
Record sample in the order recieved.
Fluid in a clotted tube.
Crucial consideration when loading a centrifuge.
Substance used to make slurry for chilling specimens.
Abbreviation used for purposes of tracking specimen.
Portion of specimen used for testing.
Anticoagulant in green top tube.
Agency that regulates packaging on airlines.
Protective covering or structure.
Make specimen clot to slow down the metabolic processess.
Way to measure centrifuge speed.
Anticoagulant in lavendar tubes.
Plasma tubes with separator gels.
PST (plasma separator tube)
Serum tubes with a separator gel.
SST (serum separator tube)
Test measuring rate of RBC sedimentation (Abbreviation.)
Urine sample collection method.
Grow microbes on nutrient media.
Aspirated and examined to detect disease.
Urine screening is performed to detect these.
Specimens coughed up from deep in the lungs.
Hormone in urine after conception (Abbreviation.)
Test on urine sample.
Normal antigen found in amneotic fluid.
Most frequently analyzed nonblood fluid _____.
A sterile polyeste-tipped collection device.
Hidden in blood stool.
Related to the lung.
Fluid secreted by glands in the mouth.
Synovial fluid is found in this type of cavity.
Urine specimen type that requires watching the clock.
Amneotic test indicating fetal lung maturity (Abbreviation.)
Sperm containing fluid.
Fluid surrounding the fetus in the uterus.
Study of cells.
Insert a tube through the urethra to collect urine.
Person who performs chemistry tests.
Pertaining to the stomach.
Fluid around the brain and spinal cord (Abbreviation.)
Throat culture to diagnose this bacterium.
Test for hidden blood feces.
Type of urine specimen collected at any time.
Common urinary tract ailment (Abbreviation.)
Viscious fluid found in joint fluid.
Cells on the inside of the cheek.
type of steroid used to enhance people in sports.
Liquid and semiliquid substances produced by the body.
Prescribed course of eating.
Method of examination.
Analysis using buccal cells from inside the cheek.
Involving arterial contraction.
Mass of blood; often clotted.
Concerning the palm of the hand.
Type of microbe.
ABG collection equipment.
the preferred one for ABG is 22-guage.
Hit the artery, see a______.
Preferred point of entry.
Allen test checks for _____ Flow.
Syringe part capped after collection.
Arterial blood gases (Abbreviation.)
Test for collateral flow.
Contaminant of ABG`s.
ABG component measured.
Allen test result.
Another name for clot.
Protective Equipment (Abbreviation.)
First choice ABG site.
Second choice ABG site.
Anticoagulant for ABG.
Abrupt loss of consiousness response.
Lidocaine, for one.
Artery in the wrist.
Hold an ABG syring like a_____.
Unaccpetable way to find a vein.
PPE`s for hands.
30-45 degree______for ABG`s.
Anesthetic used to _____ site.