GEORGIA US HISTORY END OF COURSE TEST

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VIRGINIA COMPANY

FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH COLONY IN AMERICA (JAMESTOWN)

POWHATAN

NATIVE AMERICANS WHO ENCOUNTERED A CONFLICT WITH THE JAMESTOWN SETTLERS

HOUSE OF BURGESSES

FIRST ELECTED LEGISLATURE IN COLONIAL AMERICA (VIRGINIA)

BACON'S REBELLION

POOR FARMERS REBELLING AGAINST WEALTHY LAWMAKERS. SHOWED THE AVERAGE POOR FARMER IN AMERICA WAS DIFFERENT AND DID NOT MIND STANDING UP FOR HIS RIGHTS.

SLAVERY

FIRST SLAVES BROUGHT TO VIRGINIA TO CULTIVATE TOBACCO

NEW ENGLAND

MASSACHUSETTS FOUNDED TO GAIN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM FOR THE PURITANS FROM ENGLISH OPPRESSION. GOAL WAS TO CREATE A PERFECT SOCIETY BASED ON OBEDIENCE TO GOD AND HARD WORK.

KING PHILIP'S WAR

CONFLICT WITH NATIVE AMERICANS BY COLONISTS IN NEW ENGLAND

TOWN MEETINGS

A FORM OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY PRACTICED IN MASSACHUSETTS WHERE THE CITIZENS MADE THEIR OWN LAWS

RHODE ISLAND

FOUNDED BY ROGER WILLIAMS WHO WAS BANISHED FROM MASSACHUSETTS BECAUSE HE BELIEVED IN SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE.

LOSS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS CHARTER

THE KING OF ENGLAND TOOK CONTROL OF MASSACHUSETTS BECAUSE OF THE POWER OF THE PURITAN CHURCH. MASS WAS MADE INTO A ROYAL COLONY

SALEM WITCH TRIALS

CONFLICT (RICH V POOR) IN MASSACHUSETTS SHOWING SIGNS OF SOCIAL DISCONTENT WITH THE RIGID LIFE OF PURITANS

MID-ATLANTIC COLONIES

ECONOMY BASED ON COMMERCIAL INTERESTS; LARGEST CITIES; BIRTHPLACE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

NEW AMSTERDAM

NOW KNOWN AS NEW YORK; FIRST SETTLED BY THE DUTCH; TAKEN OVER BY THE ENGLISH

NEW YORK

THRIVING COMMERCIAL CENTER TAKEN FROM THE DUTCH BY THE BRITISH

PENNSYLVANIA

FOUNDED BY WILLIAM PENN AS A HAVEN FOR QUAKERS

MERCANTILISM

ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COLONIES AND ENGLAND; THE COLONIES SUPPLIED RAW MATERIALS AND MARKETS FOR GOODS MADE IN ENGLAND

MIDDLE PASSAGE

THE PART OF TRANSATLANTIC TRADE FROM AFRICA TO THE AMERICAS; SLAVE TRADE

TRANSATLANTIC TRADE

TRIANGULAR TRADE PATTERN BETWEEN AFRICA, EUROPE, AND THE AMERICAS

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CULTURE

A UNIQUE CULTURE WHICH DEVELOPED AS A RESULT OF THE IMPORTATION OF SLAVES TO AMERICA WHERE THEY KEPT SOME OF THEIR AFRICAN CULTURE AND BLENDED THESE WITH EUROPEAN CULTURE

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

FOUGHT BETWEEN THE FRENCH AND THE BRITISH; BRITISH VICTORY; CAUSED THE BRITISH TO IMPOSE TAXES ON THE COLONISTS WHICH THE COLONISTS OPPOSED; SEEN AS ONE CAUSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

1763 TREATY OF PARIS

ENDED THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR; BRITISH VICTORY; FRANCE LOST POSSESSIONS IN CANADA

PROCLAMATION OF 1763

AN ORDER BY THE BRITISH KING FOR AMERICANS TO NOT SETTLE ACROSS THE APPALACHIAN MTNS. IT WAS IGNORED THUS SHOWING THE LACK OF RESPECT FOR BRITISH AUTHORITY

STAMP ACT

TAX PASSED BY THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT IN ORDER TO PAY FOR THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. AMERICAN PATRIOTS RESPONDED WITH THE STAMP ACT COMMITTEE WHICH VOTED TO BOYCOTT BRITISH GOODS; PARLIAMEND REPEALED THE TAX; (NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION)

INTOLERABLE ACTS

LAWS PASSED BY PARLIAMENT TO PUNISH THE AMERICANS FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY. BOSTON HARBOR WAS CLOSED AND THE MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE WAS ABOLISHED THE AMERICANS RESPONDED BY CALLING THE FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF LIBERTY

SUPPORTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THAT USED PROPAGANDA TO INCITE SUPPORT FOR THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE

FORMED BY SUPPORTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION TO KEEP THE COLONIES INFORMED OF THE EVENTS OF THE REVOLUTION

THOMAS PAINE

WROTE COMMON SENSE A PAMPHLET TELLING AMERICANS WHY IT WAS IMPORTANT THAT AMERICA BREAK IT'S TIES WITH ENGLAND

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

FORMAL SEPARATION FROM ENGLAND; BASED ON THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL RIGHTS (JOHN LOCKE); WRITTEN BY THOMAS JEFFERSON

JOHN LOCKE

ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER; ALL MEN ARE BORN WITH NATURAL RIGHTS; WHEN THE GOVERNMENT FAILS TO PROTECT THESE RIGHT THE PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO ABOLISH THAT GOVERNMENT

THOMAS JEFFERSON

AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; 3RD PRESIDENT OF THE US; LOUISIANA PURCHASE

REVOLUTIONARY WAR

WAR FOUGHT BY AMERICAN COLONIES TO WIN INDEPENDENCE FROM ENGLAND

FRENCH ALLIANCE

AFTER VICTORY AT SARATOGA THE FRENCH BECAME AN AMERICAN ALLY HELPING US WITH TRAINING AND FUNDING

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

THE MOST POPULAR MAN IN AMERICA; SIGN OF SOCIAL MOBILITY; AMBASSADOR TO FRANCE

MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE

FRENCH GENERAL WHO HELPED TRAIN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR

GEORGE WASHINGTON

COMMANDER OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY; FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

PROFESSIONAL MILITARY

RESULT OF WASHINGTON'S TRAINING; A MORE DEMOCRATIC ARMY;

LIFE OF A COMMON SOLDIER

MOST WERE NOT PROFESSIONAL SOLDIERS BUT HAD SIGNED UP TO FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE.

CROSSING THE DELAWARE

GENERAL WASHINGTON SNUCK HIS MEN ACROSS THE DELAWARE RIVER FOR A SURPRISE ATTACK ON GERMAN HESSIANS. RESULTED IN VICTORIES IN PRINCETON AND TRENTON

VALLEY FORGE

HORRIBLE WINTER IN WHICH THE CONTINENTAL ARMY ALMOST GAVE UP HOPE

BATTLE OF YORKTOWN

LORD CORNWALLIS SURRENDERED; MARKED AMERICAN VICTORY IN THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR

LORD CORNWALLIS

BRITISH GENERAL THAT SURRENDERED AT YORKTOWN

TREATY OF PARIS 1783

ENDED THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR; AMERICA GAINED ITS INDEPENDENCE

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES; LITTLE POWER; STATES HELD ALL THE POWER; ONLY A LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

SHAY'S REBELLION

FARMERS' REBELLION WHICH LED TO THE CALLING OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

WROTE THE CONSTITUTION 1787 IN PHILADELPHIA

FEDERALIST

FAVORED A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT (ALEXANDER HAMILTON)

ANTI-FEDERALISTS

WEAK NATIONAL GOVERNMENT; POWER HELD BY THE STATES; DEMANDED A BILL OF RIGHTS; THOMAS JEFFERSON

THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

SERIES OF NEWSPAPER ESSAYS WRITTEN IN SUPPORT OF THE CONSTITUTION

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

LEADING FEDERALISTS; CO-AUTHOR OF THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

JAMES MADISON

FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION

UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION

PLAN OF GOVERNMENT FOR THE UNITED STATES

GREAT COMPROMISE

COMBINED THE NEW JERSEY PLAN (EQUAL REPRESENTATION) AND THE VIRGINIA PLAN (POPULATION) TO CREATE A BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE (HOUSE OF REPS AND THE SENATE)

SEPARATION OF POWERS

THE POWER OF GOVERNMENT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE BRANCHES (LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL) EACH BRANCH HAS ITS OWN DUTIES THUS LIMITING THE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT

MONTESUUIEU

FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO DEVISED SEPARATION OF POWERS AS A WAY OF LIMITING THE GOVERNMENT

THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY

WAS NOT ADDRESSED AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION FOR FEAR OF THE LOSS OF SOUTHERN SUPPORT. 3/5 COMPROMISE ALLOWED FOR SLAVES TO BE COUNTED IN POPULATION

BILL OF RIGHTS

FIRST 10 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION; ADDED TO GAIN THE SUPPORT OF THE ANTI FEDERALISTS

PRES GEORGE WASHINGTON

FIRST PRESIDENT; FEDERALIST; NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION AND NON-INTERVENTION IN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS

JOHN ADAMS

2ND PRESIDENT; MAIN CONCERN WAS STAYING OUT OF THE WAR BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE

WHISKEY REBELLION

REBELLION BY FARMERS AGAINST HAMILTON'S ECONOMIC PLAN. THE REBELLION WAS PUT DOWN SHOWING THE UNITED STATES COULD ENFORCE ITS LAWS UNDER THE NEW CONSTITUTION

NON-INTERVENTION IN EUROPE

PROBLEM FACED BY FIRST 3 PRESIDENTS; HOW TO STAY OUT OF THE WAR BETWEEN ENGLAND AND FRANCE AND STILL TRADE

DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES

FEDERALISTS (ALEXANDER HAMILTON) AND JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS (THOMAS JEFFERSON); FEDERALISTS BELIEVED IN A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS A WEAK GOVERNMENT

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

SECRETARY TREASURER UNDER WASHINGTON; CREATED A NATIONAL DEBT WITH A PLAN TO REPAY FROM TARIFFS AND TAX ON WHISKEY; LEADER OF THE FEDERALIST PARTY AND CO-AUTHOR OF THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

THOMAS JEFFERSON

3RF PRESIDENT; AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; LEADER OF THE JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS

NORTHWEST ORDINACE

ONE SUCCESS OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION; PROCEDURE FOR ADDING NEW STATES; SLAVERY PROHIBITED; LAND SET ASIDE FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS

LOUISIANA PURCHASE

TERRITORY IN CENTRAL UNITED STATES; BOUGHT FROM FRANCE BY PRESIDENT JEFFERSON; DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE US

LEWIS AND CLARK

EXPEDITION THAT SHOWED THE WEALTH OF RESOURCES FOUND IN THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY

WAR OF 1812

WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN; ENCOURAGED BY THE WAR HAWKS, A YOUNG GROUP OF CONGRESSMEN IN FAVOR OF WAR IN ORDER TO TAKE CANADA

NATIONAL IDENTITY

VICTORY OVER GREAT BRITAIN IN WAR OF 1812 CREATED NATIONAL PRIDE AND A SENSE OF NATIONAL ISM

MONROE DOCTRINE

FOREIGN POLICY WARNING EUROPE TO STAY OUT OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. BASIS FOR EARLY AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

MADE THE MASS PRODUCTION OF GOODS POSSIBLE; CHANGED THE WAY WE LIVE; GROWTH OF CITIES

ELE WHITNEY

COTTON GIN (INCREASED DEMAND FOR SLAVES) AND INTERCHANGEABLE PART (FACTORY SYSTEM)

MANIFEST DESTINY

THE BELIEF THAT AMERICA HAD A CHRISTIAN DUTY TO EXPAND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN

TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT

EARLY 19TH CENTURY REFORM MOVEMENT AIMED AT ENDING THE CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL

ABOLITIONISM

END SLAVERY

REFORM OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS

IMPROVE EDUCATION IN ORDER TO RAISE GOOD CITIZENS

WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT

WOMEN'S RIGHT TO VOTE

ELIZABETH CADY STANTON

LEADER OF WOMEN'S MOVEMENT; SENECA FALLS CONVENTION

SENECA FALLS CONVENTION

FIRST ORGANIZED CONVENTION FOR WOMEN'S RIGHTS

JACKSONIAM DEMOCRACY

JACKSON WAS THE FIRST PRESIDENT ELECTED BECAUSE OF THE VOTE OF THE COMMON MAN

NAT TURNER REBELLION

SLAVE UPRISING IN VIRGINIA

WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON

WHITE ABOLITIONIST; THE LIBERATOR

JOHN BROWN

WHITE ABOLITIONIST WHO BELIEVED GOD HAD PUT HIM ON EARTH TO END SLAVERY. RAID ON HARPERS FERRY AND VIOLENCE IN KANSAS

FREDERICK DOUGLAS

FORMER SLAVE ABOLITIONIST; THE NORTH STAR

GRIMKE SISTERS

ABOLITIONISTS SISTERS FROM A SLAVE HOLDING FAMILY IN THE SOUTH

MISSOURI COMPROMISE

MISSOURI ADMITTED AS A SLAVE STATE; MAINE AS A FREE STATE; LINE DRAWN IN WHICH SLAVERY COULD NOT BE NORTH. DECLARED UNCONSTITUTIONAL BY THE DRED SCOTT DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT

NULLIFICATION CRISIS

SOUTH CAROLINA DECLARED TARIFF OF ABOMINATION UNCONSTITUTIONAL ON THE BASIS THAT STATES HAVE THE POWER TO SO SO. (STATES' RIGHTS)

JOHN C. CALHOUN

SOUTH CAROLINA SENATOR WHO FAVORED STATES' RIGTHTS

MEXICAN WAR

FOUGHT OVER THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. RESULTED IN TERRITORY FOR THE UNITED STATES INCLUDING CALIFORNIA, UTAH AND NEW MEXICO

WILMONT PROVISO

A BILL PUT BEFORE CONGRESS THAT HAD IT PASSED WOULD HAVE FORBIDDEN SLAVERY IN ANY NEW TERRITORIES

COMPROMISE OF 1850

CALIFORNIA ADDED AS A FREE STATE; SENATE UNBALANCED; FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW

KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY (VOTING) WOULD BE USED TO DETERMINE SLAVE OR FREE STATES; RESULTED IN VIOLENCE; CIVIL WAR BROKE OUT BEFORE THE ISSUE COULD BE RESOLVED

DRED SCOTT SUPREME COURT CASE

SLAVERY FOUND TO BE CONSTITUTIONAL; MISSOURI COMPROMISE UNCONSTITUTIONAL; REAL BLOW TO THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

REPUBLICAN ELECTED PRESIDENT; LED TO THE SOUTHERN SECESSION; ASSASSINATED AFTER THE CIVIL WAR; EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION; GETTYSBURG ADDRESS

ULYSSES S GRANT

COMMANDER OF THE UNION ARMY OF THE POTOMAC; VICTORY AGAINST CONFEDERATE GENERAL ROBERT E LEE

ROBERT E LEE

COMMANDER OF THE CONFEDERATE ARMY; SURRENDERED TO GRANT

"STONEWALL JACKSON"

GENERAL LEE'S FAVORITE GENERAL DURING THE CIVIL WAR

WILLIAM T SHERMAN

LED THE DESTRUCTIVE MARCH FROM THE BURNING OF ATLANTA TO THE SEA; DESTROYED THE CONFEDERATE'S WILL TO FIGHT

ANTIETAM

UNION VICTORY; BLOODIEST BATTLE; LINCOLN ISSUED THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION

VICKSBURG

UNION VICTORY IN WHICH THE UNION ARMY TOOK CONTROL OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER THUS SPLITTING THE CONFEDERACY IN HALF

GETTYSBURG

UNION VICTORY; BEGINNING OF THE END FOR THE CONFEDERACY

BATTLE FOR ATLANTA

UNION TROOPS BURNED ATLANTA TO THE GROUND AND THEN SHERMAN MARCHED, LEAVING A PATH OF DESTRUCTION, TO THE SEA

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION

FREED SLAVES IN THE CONFEDERACY

GREAT AWAKENING

RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT IN AMERICAN COLONIES; MADE RELIGION MORE DEMOCRATIC BECAUSE PEOPLE WERE ENCOURAGED TO CREATE THEIR OWN INDIVIDUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD. FOUNDATION OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

ERIE CANAL

LINKED THE GREAT LAKES WITH THE HUDSON RIVER AND THEN THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. MADE NEW YORK CITY A MAJOR CITY; EARLY INFRASTRUCTURE

SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS

LINCOLN "WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE AND CHARITY FOR ALL" SHOWED HE WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH PUNISHING THE SOUTH AFTER THE CIVIL WAR

SUSPENSION OF HABEAS CORPUS

LINCOLN DURING THE CIVIL WAR IN AN ATTEMPT TO CONTROL BORDER STATES

THOMAS EDISON

INVENTION OF THE PHONOGRAPH, LIGHT BULB AND MOVIES

PULLMAN STRIKE

STRIKE AGAINST THE RAILROAD; GOVERNMENT SENT IN TROOPS TO PUT DOWN THE UNREST; SHOWED THE GOVERNMENT WOULD SUPPORT BIG BUSINESS RATHER THAN THE UNIONS

DUST BOWL

DROUGHT CAUSING PEOPLE TO LEAVE OKLAHOMA AND MOVE TO CALIFORNIA; GREAT DEPRESSION

HUEY LONG

STRONG CRITIC OF FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT'S NEW DEAL

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