Prince Henry (1394-1460)
Portuguese nicknamed "the navigator" founded school for sea faring
Vasco de Gama (1469-1524)
Made it around Cape of Good Hope in 1498 and returned with cannons
Date of Portuguese establishing world-wide trade
Hernando Cortes (1460-1547)
Conquistador who conquered the Aztecs
First to successfully circumnavigate the globe
St. Francis Xavier
Jesuit Missionary who used wit and zeal to establish Christianity in India, Indonesia, and Japan
Brutal Conqueror of the Incas
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494 between Spanish and Portuguese divided the world in half for colonization`
system of slavery (giving grants of land and native labor, in return for Christian instruction and protection)
Cultural and economic diffusion of practices and good across he Atlantic
Flemish mapmaker who produced the first globes
an acceleration in global trade --> increase in population and steady inflation
Entrepreneurs put out raw materials to rural families who would finish them--> decline in guild structure, halfway to factory work.
pool of financial resources and shared risk. ex. Dutch and British East India Companies
involves: scarcity (limited amount of wealth, nations compete to hoard the most) Weal =specie/hard money (real wealth= gold and silver in a country) Government intervention (intervene to better balance trade)
population of Europe: 1550? 1650? 1700?
100 mil. 80 mil. 100 mil.
Nobles of the Robe
middle class who bought noble status
Great Chain of Being, or Body Politic
society of 1600's wherein construed as a great organism, with each group playing an appropriate role assigned to it.
Infant Mortality rate during 1600's
30 to 35%
Mostly nuclear, parents, children, and grandparents. Also, introduction of wet nurses. Children expected to work, and girls married off with dowrys
Whole communities would enjoy celebrations together: Carnival before lent.
Persecution of Witches
1580 -1700 aprox. 100,000 people executed. causes: protestant reformation and issues of differing religion as well as belief in presence of the devil.