# FAA Written Exam

## 524 terms · Created from the Gleim 2012 Private Pilot FAA Knowledge Test. Includes all know FAA questions. Does not include questions that reference charts or other images. Does not include Recreational Pilot knowledge This set is only intended to be used by people who have purchased the Gliem Private Pilot books.

### What is one purpose of wing flaps?

To enable the pilot to make steeper approaches to a landing without increasing the airspeed.

### One of the main functions of flaps during approach and landing is to:

Increase the angle of descent without increasing the airspeed.

To control yaw.

A. Flaps

Lateral.

### Which statement is true concerning primary flight controls? A. The effectiveness of each control surface increases with speed because there is more flow over them B. Only when all three primary flight controls move in sequence do the airflow and pressure distribution change over and around the airfoil. C. Primary flight controls include ailerons, rudder, elevator, and trim systems

A. The effectiveness of each control surface increases with speed because there is more flow over them.

### Which of the following is true concerning flaps? A. Flaps are attached to the leading edge of the wing and are used to increase wing lift. B. Flaps allow an increase in the angle of descent without increasing airspeed. C. Flaps are high drag devices deployed from the wings to reduce lift.

B. Flaps allow and increase in the angle of descent without increasing airspeed.

A. Spoilers

### Trim systems are designed to do what?

They relieve the pilot of the need to maintain constant back pressure on the flight controls.

### The four forces acting on an airplane in flight are:

Lift, Weight, Thrust, & Drag

### When are the four forces that act on an airplane in equilibrium?

During unaccelerated flight.

### What is the relationship of lift, drag, thrust, and weight when the airplane is in straight-and-level flight?

Lift equals weight.
Thrust equals drag.

### Which statement relates to Bernoulli's principle?

Air traveling faster over the curve upper surface of an airfoil causes lower pressure on the top surface.

### The term "angle of attack" is defined as the angle...

between the wing chord line and the relative wind.

### Angle of attack is defined as the chord line of an airfoil and the...

Direction of the relative wind.

### The angle of attack at which an airplane wing stalls will...

Remain the same regardless of gross weight.

### As altitude increases, the indicated airspeed at which a given airplane stalls in a particular configuration will...

Remain the same regardless of altitude.

Stalled.

### During a spin to the left, which wing(s) is/are stalled?

Both wings are stalled.

### How will frost on the wings of an airplane affect takeoff performance?

Frost will disrupt the smooth flow of air over the wing, adversely affecting its lifting capability.

### Why is frost considered hazardous to flight?

Frost spoils the smooth flow of air over the wings, thereby decreasing lifting capability.

### How does frost affect the lifting surfaces of an airplane on takeoff?

Frost my prevent the airplane from becoming airborne at normal takeoff speed.

### What is ground effect?

The result of inference of the surface of the earth with the airflow patterns about an airplane.

### Floating caused by the phenomenon of ground effect will be most realized during an approach to land when at...

Less than the length of the wingspan above the surface.

### What must a pilot be aware of as a result of ground effect?

Induced drag decreases; therefor, any excess speed at the point of flare may cause considerable floating.

### Ground effect is most likely to result in which problem?

Becoming airborne before reaching recommended takeoff speed.

### What force makes an airplane turn?

The horizontal component of lift.

### An airplane said to be inherently stable will...

require less effort to control.

### What determines the longitudinal stability of an airplane?

The location of the CG with respect to the center of lift.

### Changes in the center of pressure of a wing affect the aircraft's...

Aerodynamic balance and controllability.

### An airplane has been loaded in such a manner that the CG is located aft of the aft CG limit. One undesirable flight characteristic a pilot might experience with this airplane would be...

Difficulty in recovering from a stalled condition.

### What causes an airplane (except a T-tail) to pitch nosedown when power is reduced and controls are not adjusted?

The downwash on the elevators from the propeller slipstream is reduced and the elevator effectiveness is reduced

### Loading an airplane to the most aft CG will cause the airplane to be...

Less stable at all speeds.

### In what flight condition is torque effect the greatest in a single-engine airplane?

Low airspeed, high power, high angle of attack.

### The left turning tendency of an airplane caused by P-factor is the result of the...

Propeller blade descending on the right, producing more thrust than the ascending blade on the left.

### When does P-factor cause the airplane to yaw to the left?

When at high angles of attack.

### The amount of excess load that can be imposed on the wing of an airplane depends upon the...

Speed of the airplane.

Turns.

### During an approach to a stall, an increased load factor will cause the aircraft to...

Stall at a high airspeed.

### In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the north if...

An aircraft is accelerated while on an east of west heading.

### During flight, when are the indications of a magnetic compass accurate?

Only in straight-and-level unaccelerated flight.

### Deviation in a magnetic compass is caused by the...

Magnetic fields within the aircraft distorting the lines of magnetic force.

### In the Northern Hemisphere, if an aircraft is accelerated or decelerated, the magnetic compass will normally indicate...

Correctly when on a north or south heading.

### In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the west if...

A right turn is entered from a north heading.

### In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the south when...

The aircraft is decelerated while on a west heading.

### In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the east if...

A left turn is entered from a north heading.

### What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a south heading in the Northern Hemisphere?

The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring.

### The pitot systems provides impact pressure for what instrument?

Airspeed indicator.

Airspeed.

### If the pitot tube and outside static vents become clogged, which instruments would be affected?

The altimeter, airspeed indicator, & vertical speed indicator.

### Which instrument(s) wil become inoperative if the static vents become clogged?

Airspeed, altimeter, and vertical speed.

### What does the red line on an airspeed indicator represent?

Never-exceed speed.

### What is an important airspeed limitation that is not coded on airspeed indicators?

Maneuvering speed

### What is absolute altitude

The vertical distance of the aircraft above the surface.

### What is true altitude?

The vertical distance of the aircraft above sea level.

### What is density altitude?

The pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature.

### Under what conditions is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value?

At standard temperature.

### Under what condition is indicated altitude the same as true altitude?

When at sea level under standard conditions.

### Under what condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude?

When standard atmospheric conditions exist.

### What is pressure altitude?

The altitude indicated when the barometric pressure scale is set to 29.92.

### Altimeter setting is the value to which the barometric pressure scale of the altimeter is set so the altimeter indicates...

True altitude at field elevation.

### If it is necessary to set the altimeter from 29.15 to 29.85 what change occurs?

700 foot increase in indicated altitude. (The altimeter-indicated altitude moves in the same direction as the altimeter setting and changes about 1,000 ft. for every change of 1" Hg.)

### If a pilot changes the altimeter setting from 30.11 to 29.96 what is the approximate change in indication?

Altimeter will indicate 150 feet lower.

### If a flight is made from an area of low pressure into an area of high pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, the altimeter will indicate...

Lower than the actual altitude above sea level.

### If a flight is made from an area of high pressure into an area of lower pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, the altimeter will indicate...

Higher than the actual altitude above sea level.

### Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicate a lower altitude than true altitude? A. Air temperature lower than standard B. Atmospheric pressure lower than standard C. Air temperature warmer than standard

C. Air temperature warmer than standard.

### Under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude? A. In colder than standard air temperature B. In warmer than standard air temperature C. When density altitude is higher than indicated altitude

A. Colder than standard air temperature.

### How do variations in temperature affect the altimeter?

Pressure levels are raised on warm days and the indicated altitude is lower than the true altitude.

### What is a benefit of flying with a glass cockpit?

Situational awareness is increased.

### What steps must be taken when flying with glass cockpits to ensure safe flight?

Regularly scan both inside and outside, use all appropriate checklist, and cross-check with other forms of information.

### An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by...

The oil level being too low.

### Excessively high engine temperatures will...

Cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, & possible permanent internal engine damage.

### Excessively high engine temperatures, either in the air or on the ground, will...

Cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, & possible permanent internal engine damage.

### For internal cooling, air cooled engines are especially dependent on...

The circulation of lubricating oil.

### If the engine oil temperature and cylinder head temperature gauges have exceeded their normal operating range, the pilot may have been operating with...

too much power and with the mixture set too lean.

### What action can a pilot take to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating during a climb?

Reduce rate of climb and increase airspeed.

### What is one procedure to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating.

Enrich the fuel mixture.

### How is engine operation controlled on an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller?

The throttle controls power output as registered on the manifold pressure gauge and the propeller control regulates engine RPM.

### A precaution for the operation of an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller is to...

Avoid high manifold pressure settings with low RPM

### What is an advantage of a constant-speed propeller?

Permits the pilot to select the blade angle for the most efficient performance.

### One purpose of the dual ignition system on an aircraft engine is to provide for...

Improved engine performance. (also increased safety)

### If the ignition switch ground wire becomes disconnected, the magneto...

May continue to fire.

### With regard to carburetor ice, float-type carburetor systems in comparison to fuel injection systems are generally considered to be...

More susceptible to icing.

### Which condition is most favorable to the development of carburetor icing?

Temperature between 20ºF and 70ºF and high humidity.

### The possibility of carburetor icing exist even when the ambient air temperature is as...

High as 70ºF and the relative humidity is high.

Loss of RPM.

### The operating principle of float-type carburetors is based on the...

Difference in air pressure at the venturi throat and the air inlet.

### The presence of carburetor ice in an aircraft equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller can be verified by applying carburetor heat and noting...

A decrease in RPM and then a gradual increase in RPM.

### Generally speaking, the use of carburetor heat tends to...

Decrease engine performance.

### Applying carburetor heat will...

Enrich the fuel/air mixture.

### What change occurs in the fuel/air mixture when the carburetor heat is applied?

The fuel/air mixture becomes richer.

### During the run-up at a high-elevation airport, a pilot notes a slight engine roughness that is not affected by the magneto check but grows worse during the carburetor heat check. Under these circumstances, what would be the most logical initial action?

Check the results obtained with a leaner setting of the mixture.

### The basic purpose of adjusting the fuel/air mixture at altitude is to...

Decrease the fuel flow in order to compensate for decreased air density.

### While curising at 9,500 feet MSL, the fuel/air mixture is properly adjusted. What will occur if a descent to 4,500 feet MSL is made without readjusting the mixture?

The fuel/air mixture may become excessively lean.

### Detonation occurs in a reciprocating aircraft engine when?

The unburned charge in the cylinders explodes instead of burning normally.

### Detonation may occur at high-power settings when?

The fuel mixture ignites instantaneously instead of burning progressively and evenly.

### If a pilot suspects that the engine (with a fixed-pitch propeller) is detonating during climb-out after takeoff, the initial course of action to take would be to...

Lower the nose slightly to increase airspeed.

Detonation.

Pre-ignition.

### What type fuel can be substituted for an aircraft if the recommended octane is not available?

The next higher octane aviation gas.

### Filing the fuel tanks after the last flight of the day is considered a good operating procedure because this will...

Prevent moisture condensation by eliminating airspace in the tanks.

### o properly purge water from the fuel system of an aircraft equipped with fuel tank sumps and afuel strainer quick drain, it is necessary to drain fuel from the...

Fuel strainer drain and the fuel tank sumps.

### On aircraft equipped with fuel pumps, when is the auxiliary electric driven pump used?

In the event engine-driven fuel pump fails.

### Which would most likely cause cylinder head temperature and engine oil temperature gauges to exceed their normal operating ranges? A. Using fuel that has a lower-than-specified fuel rating B. Using fuel that has a higher-than-specified fuel rating C. Operating with higher-than-normal oil pressure

A. Using fuel that has a lower-than-specified fuel rating.

### What should be the first action after starting an aircraft engine?

Adjust for proper RPM and check for desired indication on the engine gauges.

### Should it become necessary to hand prop an airplane engine, it is extremely important that a competent pilot...

Be at the controls in the cockpit.

### An electrical system failure( battery and alternator) occurs during flight. In this situation, you would...

Experience avionics equipment failure.

### A positive indication on an ammeter...

Shows the rate of charge on the battery.

### To keep a battery charged, the alternator voltage output should be...

Higher than the battery voltage.

### Which of the following is a true statement concerning electrical systems? A. The master switch provides current to the electrical system B. The airspeed indicator is driven by the electrical system C. Lights and radios use the electrical system for power

C. Lights and radios use the electrical system for power.

### The numbers 9 and 27 on the approach ends of the runway indicate that the runway is orientated approximately...

090 and 270 Magnetic.

### The numbers 8 and 26 on the approach ends of the runway indicate that the runway is orientated approximately...

080º and 260º Magnetic.

### When approaching taxiway holding lines from the side with the continuous line, the pilot...

Should not cross the lines without ATC clearance.

### What is the purpose of the runway/runway hold position sign?

Denotes intersecting runways.

### What does the outbound destination sign identify?

Identifies direction to takeoff runways.

### When turning onto a taxiway from another taxiway, what is the purpose of the taxi way directional sign?

Indicates designation and direction of taxiway leading out of an intersection.

### What purpose does the taxiway location sigh serve?

Identifies taxiway on which an aircraft is located.

### An airport's rotating beacon operated during daylight hours indicates...

That weather at the airport located in Class D airspace is below basic VFR weather minimums.

### A lighted heliport my be identified by a...

Green, yellow, & white rotating beacon.

### A military air station can be identified by a rotating beacon that emits...

Two quick, white flashes between green flashes.

### How can a military airport be identified at night?

Dual peaked (two quick) white flashes between green flashes.

### Airport taxiway edge lights are identified at night by...

Blue omnidirectional lights.

### To set the high intensity runway lights on medium intensity, the pilot should click the microphone seven times, and the click it...

five times within 5 seconds.

### Which is the correct traffic pattern departure to use at a noncontrolled airport?

Comply with any FAA traffic pattern established for the airport.

### The recommended entry position to an airport traffic pattern is...

To enter 45º at the midpoint of the downwind leg at traffic pattern altitude.

### An on glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is...

A green light signal.

### An above glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is...

An amber light signal.

### A below glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is...

A red light signal.

### A below glide slope indication from a pulsating approach slope indicator is...

A pulsating red light.

### When approaching to land on a runway served by a visual approach slope indicator (VASI), the pilot shall...

Maintain an altitude at or above the glide slope.

### While operating in class D airspace, each pilot of an aircraft approaching to land on a runway served by a visual approach slope indicator (VASI) shall...

Maintain an altitude at or above the glide slope until a lower altitude is necessary for a save landing.

### A slightly high glide slope indication from a precision approach path indicator is...

Three white lights and one red light.

Developing lift.

### Wingtip vortices created by large aircraft tend to...

Sink below the aircraft generating the turbulence.

### How does the wake turbulence vortex circulate around each wing tip?

Outward, upward, & around each tip.

### When taking off or landing at an airport where heavy aircraft are operating, one should be particular alert to the hazards of wing tip vortices because this turbulence tends to...

Sink into the flight path of the aircraft operating below the aircraft generating the turbulence.

### The greatest vortex strength occurs when the generating aircraft is.

Heavy, clean, & slow.

### The wind condition that requires maximum caution when avoiding wake turbulence on landing is...

Light, quartering tailwind.

### When departing behind a heavy aircraft, the pilot should avoid wake turbulence by maneuvering the aircraft...

Above and upwind from the heavy aircraft.

### When landing behind a large aircraft, the pilot should avoid wake turbulence by staying...

Above the large aircraft's final approach path and landing beyond the large aircraft's touchdown point.

### When landing behind a large aircraft, which procedure should be followed for vortex avoidance?

Stay above its final approach flightpath all the way to touchdown.

### During a night flight,you observe a steady red light and a flashing red light at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of he other aircraft?

The other aircraft is crossing to the left.

### During a night flight, you observe a steady white light and a flashing read light ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?

The other aircraft is flying away from you.

### During a night flight, you observe steady red and green lights ahead at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?

The other aircraft is approaching head-on.

### The most effective method of scanning for other aircraft for collision avoidance during daylight hours is to use...

A series of short, regularly spaced eye movements to search each 10 degree sector.

### The most effective method of scanning for other aircraft for collision avoidance during nighttime hours is to use...

Peripheral vision by scanning small sectors and utilizing offcenter viewing.

### How can you determine if another aircraft is on a collision course with your aircraft?

There will be no apparent relative motion between your aircraft and the other aircraft.

### Prior to starting each maneuver, pilots should...

Visually scan the entire area for collision avoidance..

### What procedure is recommended when climbing or descending VFR on an airway?

Execute gently banks left and right for continuous visual scanning of the airspace.

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