Definition of nursing practice?
Nursing protects, promotes, and optimizes our clients' health, prevents illness and injury, alleviates suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human responses, and advocates for the care of our clients.
Examples of health promotion activities...
Primary Care (Early detection, routine care, health promotion)
Preventive Care (Activities that reduce the occurrence of an illness)
Blood pressure and cancer screening
Poison control information
Mental health counseling and crisis prevention
Community legislation (seat belts, air bags, bike helmets)
Secondary Acute Care
Acute medical-surgical care
Tertiary Care (Specialized care)
Restorative Care (Intermediate and Follow-up care)
Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation
Spinal cord injury programs
Continuing Care (Long-term and Chronic care)
Psychiatric and older adult day care
Nursing centers/nursing homes/extended care facilities (ECF)
The service provides short term relief or time off for persons providing home care to an ill, disabled, or frail older adult.
Adult Day Care Centers
May be associated with a hospital or nursing home or operate independently. Offers services to patients in need of daily physical rehabilitation, counseling for emotional, drug, alcohol addiction
True prevention that lowers the chances that a disease will develop
Focuses on those who have a disease or are at risk to develop a disease
Occurs when a defect or disability is permanent or irreversible
Examples of primary prevention
health promotion, wellness education programs, immunizations, good body mechanics, screening for prostate breast or colon cancer
Examples of secondary prevention
found in the home, health care facility, or SNF
Examples or tertiary prevention
aims to help clients achieve as high level of functioning as possible
How do nurses advocate for their patients?
Nurses protect the human and legal rights of their clients and help clients assert those rights when needed. In Chapter 9 we will discuss cultural and ethnic issues that can create barriers to access to the health care system.
What did Florence Nightingale believe what the role of the nurse was?
to help the body recover, and then remain free, from disease
Risk factors include
Genetic and physiological factors
Example of genetic and physiological risk factors?