Criminal Justice exam

39 terms by LeahWild 

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true/false

Once an offender has been sentenced, the stage of "corrections" begins.

true

The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are collectively known as the Bill of Rights.

true

Property crimes typically have lower clearance rates than personal/violent crimes

true

Most murders are perpetrated by offenders classified as strangers.

false

Forcible rape is the least reported violent crime.

true

Typically, civil suits seek punishment, not compensation.

false

Actus reus means "guilty act."

true

Corpus delicti refers to the facts that show a crime has occurred.

true

Police chiefs are elected, and the mayor usually appoints sheriffs

false

the key to community policing is a partnership between the police and the community

true

Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious

false

The plain-view doctrine still applies if offficers move objects so they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view

false

Officers armed with a warrant are legally allowed to enter a person's home unannounced if the officers have a reasonable suspicion that it would be dangerous to announce themselves

true

Probable cause is necessary for an arrest under any circumstance

true

Stress is a natural component of police work

true

Information complied, analyzed, and/disseminated in an effort to anticipate, prevent, or moniter criminal activity is known as the police subculture

false

Profiling was origionally intended to help catch drug couriers attempting to enter the country

true

Most defendents are detained in jail while awaiting trial

false

The purpose of the preliminary hearing is to determine the guilt of a defendant

false

Two types of courts function in the American criminal justice system: state courts and federal courts

true

Exculpatory evidence is information having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame

true

Dying declarations and spontaneous statements are considered exceptions to the hearsay rule

true

A peremptory challenge allows attorneys to remove potential jurors, but the attorneys must give a reason for doing so

false

Research indicates that rehabilitation works. Most offenders do not commit additional crimes after serving their sentences

false

Most research has clearly demostrated that the death penalty can detter potential offenders from committing crime

false

Fines are one of the oldest and most widel used types of criminal sanction

true

Nationwide, approximately 89% of parolees successfully complete parole

false

Of the offenders who are released on parole, only about 3% of them will be re-incarcerated withing three years

false

A probation officer does not does not need a search warrant or probable cause to search a probationer's residence

true

Death-row inmates are placed in minimum security institutions

false

A prison is a confinment facility administered by an agency of local government

false

It costs an average of $14 per day to incarcerate one inmate

false

It is a myth that al-Qaeda recruits members in U.S. prisons.

false

Some authors have suggested that violence in women's prisons occurs less often than in men's prisons

true

Inmates have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their cells under the Fourth Amendment

false

Juvenile courts place more emphasis on privacy than adult courts do

true

A juvenile who commmits a status offense has also committed a crime

false

A neglected child is a child who has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if the child were an adult.

false

In the mid-1980s, the sale and use of illicit drugs was at an all time low.

false

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