In what 2 ways did Pharaoh try an control the Israelites?
He tried to kill all the baby boys so that the Israelite girls would marry Egyptians, and he made them slaves.
How did God use Moses' wilderness experience?
He learned how to live in the desert, he learned to depend on God, he need to learn where the water was located, etc.
What is polytheism?
The belief in many gods
What is monotheism?
The belief in one god.
What is a theocracy?
The belief that government is controlled by divine guidance (God).
How did God show himself to Moses in the desert?
A burning bush
What reasons did Moses give for not wanting to obey God?
He was not a good speaker, He was a nobody, He thought no one would listen to him, He thought no one would believe him, and He wanted God to send someone else.
What were the 3 signs that God gave to Moses to show the people that God sent him?
His staff turned into a snake, His hand had leprosy on it after he put it in his cloak & then it was healed when he put it back in, and He could pour water on the ground and it would turn to blood.
What was the 1st plague?
The water of the Nile River turned to blood.
What was the 2nd plague?
Many frogs came out of the Nile River and invaded the land.
What was the 3rd plague?
Gnats flew everywhere and landed on all people and animals.
What was the 4th plague?
The land was covered in flies.
What was the 5th plague?
The plague on all the Egyptian livestock.
What was the 6th plague?
Painful boils grew on all the Egyptians.
What was the 7th plague?
A major hail storm destroyed all the crops and animals and people in the fields.
What was the 8th plague?
Locust came and ate all the crops of the Egyptians.
What was the 9th plague?
Darkness covered the land of the Egyptians.
What was the 10th plague?
The Angle of Death passed over all the houses in the land, and killed all the first born sons of those who did not have the blood of the Passover lamb on the door of their house.
What were some of the requirements of the Passover lamb?
No bones could be broken on the lamb, it should have no defects or imperfections, the blood needed to be collected and placed on the door posts, it needed to be roasted over a fire, and all of it needed to be eaten that night.
How was Jesus our Passover lamb?
No bones in his body were broken, he was perfect, his blood covered our sin so that we will not die, but will live eternally with him.
How did God lead his people in the desert?
A pillar of cloud by the day and a pillar of fire at night.
How did God save the Israelites when they were stuck between the Red Sea and the Egyptians?
He had Moses stretch out his hand and then God parted the Red Sea so the Israelites could cross through on dry land.
What happened in the desert of Shur?
The Israelites did not have any water and asked God to send them water.
Why were the people afraid to be near Mount Sinai when God went on the mountain?
There was lightening and thunder and fire and smoke coming from the mountain and the people were afraid of God.
What are the 5 parts of a Hittite Covenant?
Preamble, Prologue, Stipulations, Witnesses, and Curses & Blessings.
What are the vertical commandments?
Love the Lord with all your heart, Have no other gods before me, Do not misuse the name of God, and keep the Sabbath day holy.
What are the horizontal commandments?
Honor your parents, do not kill, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not lie, and do not covet.
What is a vertical commandment?
Laws that have to do with our relationship with God.
What is a horizontal commandment?
Laws that have to do with our relationship with other people in the world.
Who was Israel's first high priest?
Aaron, Moses brother.
Why did the priests wear special garments?
To be separate and holy before God.
What day was the scapegoat used?
The Day of Atonement
What was the purpose of the scapegoat?
The priest of Israel ceremonially put the sins of the people on the goat and then sent it into the desert to die... sending their sins away from them so God could forgive their sins.
Who is our scapegoat?
Jesus. He took our punishment on himself and died on the cross for our sins!
What was the purpose of the Sabbath Day?
To rest from your work and to take the time to worship God.
What was the purpose of the Sabbath Year?
To let the land and the people rest every 7 years from their work.
What was the purpose of the Passover celebration?
To remind the people of what God did for them in Egypt.
What was the purpose of the Feast of Unleavened Bread?
To give thanks for the wheat harvest, and to remember how they had to leave Egypt quickly and did not have time to let the bread rise with yeast.
What was the purpose of the Feast of First Fruits?
To give their first offerings to God.
What was the purpose of the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost?
To celebrate how God come to live with the people when he gave them the 10 Commandments.
What was the purpose of the Feast of Trumpets?
A celebration to get the people ready to remember the Day of Atonement.
What was the purpose of the day of Atonement?
The Israelites offered a sacrifice to God and then symbolically put all their sins on a goat so that God would forgive them.
What was the purpose of the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths?
They would live in tents outside the city to help them remember when the lived in tents and wandered in the desert for 40 years.
What was the purpose of the Year of Jubilee?
To remind the people that everything belonged to God and they need to forgive each other debts and free the slaves.
What came out of the fire when Aaron put all the gold in it?
A statue in the shape of a calf.
What did Moses do when he saw the golden calf that Aaron had made for the Israelites?
Threw it into the fire, burned it, and then took the powder and put it into the water and made the people drink it.
What did God want to do the Israelites when he saw them worshiping the golden calf? Why didn't he?
He wanted to kill all of the Israelites and begin his promise again with Moses. He did not because Moses reminded him of the promises he made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
How was Moses a Mediator between God and Israel?
He talked to God for them, He pleaded with God for water and food for them, and He brought God's laws to the people.
What are the 10 commandments?
1. No other God before me.
2. No idols.
3. Don't misuse God's name.
4. Keep the Sabbath day holy.
5. Honor your parents.
6. Do not kill.
7. Do not commit adultery.
8. Do not steal.
9. Do not lie.
10. Do not covet.
What does it mean that God is with us?
He used to live on the Ark of the Covenant, but now he lives in our hearts as the Holy Spirit lives in us.