(in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
replaced caucuses; meeting in which delegates from the states choose the party's presidential candidate
tax on imported goods
to leave the union
power of the president to block a decision or bill by Congress to prevent it from becoming a law.
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State, He served as sixth president after Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
act passed by South Carolina that declared the 1832 tariff illegal
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties enacted under this act's provisions paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West.
An area to which Native Americans were moved covering what is now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska
General Winfield Scott
general sent to oversee the Cherokee removal from tribal lands to the Indian Territory
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
a leader of Fox and Sauk Indians, decided to fight rather than leaving Illinios
Led a band of Seminoles that hid in the Everglades and used guerrilla tactics to defeat the U.S Army.
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as "The Great Compromiser."
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson.
Martin Van Buren
Served as secretary of state during Andrew Jackson's first term, vice president during Jackson's second term, and won the presidency in 1836
William Henry Harrison
was an American military leader, politician, the ninth President of the United States, and the first President to die in office. His death created a brief constitutional crisis, but ultimately resolved many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until passage of the 25th Amendment. Led US forces in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
What key issue split the Republican Party in the 1828 presidential election?
states' rights versus a strong central government
Why did Jackson fire many government employees?
He felt that new federal employees would be good for democracy and that, as the winner of the election, his party had the right to the spoils
Why did white settlers want the government to move Native Americans from their tribal lands?
white settlers wanted more fertile land to settle and to end conflicts with Native Americans
Why did Van Buren do little to solve the nations's economic problems?
he believed in laissez-faire, the idea that the government should not interfere in the nation's economy
Why was Jackson opposed to the Bank of the United States? What did he do about it?
he believed that the bank would only profit the rich and powerful, that it had too much power over the country's money supply; when Henry Clay & Daniel Webster attempted to renew the Bank's charter early, Jackson vetoed it