Soc 325 Chap 2 Mid Term

21 terms by saarep

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18th century

Classical School was in what century?

criminals

Classical School interested in studying what?

Beccaria

Who wrote the "On Crimes and Punishment?"

social condition

Classical School examined not only human nature but...

people are assumed to automatically attempt to maximize pleasure and minimize pain

Hedonism Theory

Human rights and justified existence of goverment as __ __ between the state and its citizens

Social Contract

glorigying people rather than church or state

Human dignity means

two writers in 18th century wrote the best-know works. They proposed that both the law and the administration of justice should be based on rationality and human rights.

(15)Cesare /Beccaria & Jeremy Bentham

Specific or individual and General or societal

(18) Two forms of Deterrance

applied to the individual who committed an offense

(18) Specific Deterrance

apply to other potential offenders by showing them that a punished individual would not gain from his or her offense. Such behavior is not profitable

(18) General Deterrance

Celerity, Certainty, Severity

(18) Three component to deterrence:

is the speed with which punishment is applied

(18) Celerity

is the concept of making a punishment sure to happen whenever an undesirable act is committed. See lack of profit in such actions

(18) Certainty

is the amount of pain to be inflicted on those who do harmful acts.

(18) Severity

evidence had to be obtained from facts, and equality had to be maintained.

(19) Due Process

Bentham: a method of determining the rightness of an action by balancing the probable pleasures and pains that it would produce. A method of working out the sum total of pleasure and pain produced by an act, and thus the total value of its consequences.

(19) Felicific Calculus

human nature simply could not accept the idea of individuals naturally being in a state of consensus or agreement with each other.

(20) Conflict

not part of the state's base of authority. might tend to make members of a jury exercise leniency out of humane motives, therefore suberting 推翻; 破壞 the law.

(20) Capital punishment

it emphasizes the effect of societal institutions on people in general.

(21) Structural

was predominantly macrotheoretical in its orientation. Emphasis on free will choices and human rationality. Morality and responsibility

(21) Classical School

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