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final exam

Darwinian "natural selection" is improbable; some designing force must be behind nature.

intelligent design

The biblical God created all organisms through natural selection among genetic mutations across eons of time. Adam and Eve are likely symbolic.

theistic evolution

earth created in 6 literal, 24-hour periods; earth is about 6,000 years old; Adam and Eve actually existed.

young earth creationism

Genesis 1 is more about a framework than a process; affirms that Adam and Eve actually existed.

old earth creationism

What are three aspects of the image of God in humanity?

structural, functional, relational

According to Goheen, a biblical worldview must observe three characteristics of God's save work. What are they?

Salvation is comprehensive, progressive, and restorative

What are the 4 main questions that a worldview answers?

Where did I come fromI? What is my problem? What is the solution? Where am I going?

According to Albert Mohler, the "already/not yet" character of the Kingdom explains:

why, though sin is fully defeated, we still experience sin in our lives

According to Dr. Fuller, what are the 3 dominant worldviews in contemporary American culture?

materialistic naturalism/atheism, biblical Christianity, postmodernism/new age

According to Goheen, dualism occurs when someone:

divides life into "sacred" and "secular" realms

According to Goheen, Romanticist humanism was, in some measure,

a rebellion against the reductionism of the Enlightenment

According to Albert Mohler, an adequate understanding of human sin brings us to the inescapable conclusion that

there is absolutely nothing that the human creature can do to rescue himself from his plight

According to Dr. Fuller, "worldview borrowing" occurs in the problem of evil when:
a. When a Christian uses the terms and concepts of atheism.
b. an atheist objects to God on the basis of evil, but can only understand evil from a theistic point of view.
c. a Christian struggles with evil, when it's really much more of a problem for a postmodern.
d. When a person borrows an idea from someone else, but refuses to give it back.
e. When an atheist uses the terms and concepts of postmodernism

b. an atheist objects to God on the basis of evil, but can only understand evil from a theistic point of view

True or False: According to the Bible there is a "one size fits all" approach to the problem of evil

false

The primary epistemology of the Christian worldview is:

a. Tradition
b. Rationality
c. Empirical observation
d. Intuition
e. Revelation

E. revelation

True or False: The Bible does not tell us everything we need to know

True

According to Albert Mohler, the starting point for all genuinely Christian thinking is:

a. an epistemology based on intuition--how one feels in his or her heart.
b. simply believe in life after death.
c. the existence of the self-revealing God of the Bible.
d. human speculation concerning the truth of the Bible.
e. trusting your senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing) to guide you to truth.

c. the existence of the self-revealing God of the Bible.

When Christians say that the Bible is "inspired," they mean that:
Choose one answer.
a. the human authors were inspired in way similar to other great works of literature (Shakespeare, etc).
b. the very words, and all the words, were breathed out by God through human authors.
c. the Holy Spirit inspires the preacher as he teaches the Bible.
d. there were no human authors. God wrote the words and delivered them.
e. the words cause the reader to have feelings of personal inspiration.

b. the very words, and all the words, were breathed out by God through human authors

According to Albert Mohler,
Choose one answer.
a. creation is not a brute fact, but its meaning is vague and incomprehensible.
b. creation was chaotic and unordered. We must, then, seek to give it order and save it from destruction.
c. creation is a brute fact without meaning on its own. We're the ones who give meaning to creation.
d. creation is not a brute fact without meaning. It derives its meaning from the divine character and will.
e. creation is a brute fact and there is no real meaning. We must come to terms with this reality.

d. creation is not a brute fact without meaning. It derives its meaning from the divine character and will.

What philosophy says:Life has no objective meaning, so we attempt to create meaning. This entire charade is conducted within a context of chaos and meaninglessness.

Existentialism

What philosophy says:God does not exist. All that exists is what we can see, touch, taste, feel, and hear.

Naturalism

What philosophy says: Everyone is god or is connected to a universal power. Divinity is an abstract, impersonal concept. Reality is illusory, logic is circular, time is cyclical, as evidenced by reincarnation.

Eastern mysticism

What philosophy says: An eternal, omnipotent, omniscient, holy God created the universe. He had demonstrated the ultimate love for humanity by sending Himself, in the embodiment of Jesus Christ, overcoming humanity's imperfections and impure desires (sin).

Christian theism

What philosophy says: Everything is random and imagined: nothing is real. Life is complete emptiness and utterly pointless.

Nihilism

What philosophy says: There is no "metanarrative," or grand story, that explains life and reality or gives it purpose. Each person has his or her own experience.

Postmodernism

According to Goheen, the Biblical Story and Western Story are:
Choose one answer.
a. extremely similar in content
b. equally valid
c. largely incompatible
d. equally invalid
e. completely compatible

C. largely incompatible

True or false: God did not use the personalities, abilities, and styles of the authors to inspire the Bible. He simply dictated the words.

false

According to Dr. Ryan Neal, what are the two flaws in "Don't Judge" theology? CHOOSE TWO.
Choose at least one answer.
a. It's often used as a shield to cover up sin.
b. It's nowhere in the Bible.
c. God will judge and so do we, so get used to it.
d. It's absurd, unhelpful, and misguided.
e. Judging is for the jury, not you.

a. It's often used as a shield to cover up sin.
d. It's absurd, unhelpful, and misguided

According to the article on Islam, Islam is
Choose one answer.
a. the world's oldest major religion
b. the world's youngest major religion
c. the world's second youngest major religion
d. the world's most dominant religion
e. the world's second oldest major religion

b. the world's youngest major religion

In his article, "How to Fight the Man," David Brooks claims that that paradox of reform movements is:
Choose one answer.
a. if you want to defy authority, you probably should think for yourself, and reject counter-traditions and schools of thought that have developed over centuries.
b. if you want to maintain authority over your life, you should think for yourself and develop your own, cohesive worldview.
c. if you want to create change, the first step is to jettison all traditions and attempt to be completely original.
d. to defy authority, you probably should think entirely for yourself, but attach yourself to a counter-tradition and school of thought that has been developed over centuries.
e. if you want to bring about change, you should simply things for the way they are, according to traditions and old schools of thought.

d. to defy authority, you probably should think entirely for yourself, but attach yourself to a counter-tradition and school of thought that has been developed over centuries.

According to Goheen, to live faithfully in the Christian story, we must:
Choose one answer.
a. dismiss the idea of culture altogether, realizing that all human cultures are inherently sinful.
b. build completely new cultures in contrast to the worldly cultures that surround us.
c. be "in the world but not of it," becoming critical participants in the cultures that surround us.
d. embrace the culture and comform to it. How else will we reach it?
e. be "of the world but not in it," maintaining a critical distance from the cultures that surround us.

c. be "in the world but not of it," becoming critical participants in the cultures that surround us.

According to the article on Judaism, Judaism is
Choose one answer.
a. usually classified into ethnic groups, not traditional denominations
b. usually classified in three denominations: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform
c. classified into so many denominations that they are indistinguishable to most people
d. not classified into denominations. Judaism is a unified movement.
e. usually classified in two denominations: Orthodox and Progressive

b. usually classified in three denominations: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform

According to Goheen, in the 20th century, instead of rethinking social and political engagement in light of the gospel, evangelicals abandoned their social calling and adopted a false distinction between:
Choose one answer.
a. "sacred" and "secular" realms of human experience.
b. "traditional" and "contemporary" forms of church ministry.
c. "biblical truth" and "universal truth" in the arena of philosophical ideas.
d. "social ministry" and the "social gospel" methods of reaching culture.
e. "human progress" and "humanistic optimism" in the plight of humanity.

a. "sacred" and "secular" realms of human experience.

Which view of creation basically rejects evolution but affirms science's longstanding and lopsided support for the planet's vastly ancient age.

old earth creationism

Which view of creation says the biblical God was the creator of all earthly organisms, humanity included, and used as his method the standard evolutionary scenario of gradual natural selection among genetic mutations across eons.

theistic evolution

God created the mature, fully functioning creation in six literal days about 6,000 years ago.

young earth creationism

What theory deems the Darwinian "natural selection" model of evolutionary theory to be improbable and posits that some designing force lies behind nature.

intelligent design

According to the Goheen book, Jean-Francois Lyotard coined what phrase as one of the defining elements of postmodernism?
Choose one answer.
a. "coherence theory of truth"
b. "credulity toward philosophy"
c. "incredulity toward religion"
d. "incredulity toward metaphysics"
e. "incredulity toward metanarratives"

e. "incredulity toward metanarratives"

When the Goheen book speaks of the "renascence of Christianity" in these postmodern times, it means
Choose one answer.
a. Christianity is irrelevant
b. Christianity is dying
c. Christianity has gone dormant
d. Christianity is reviving
e. Christianity is irreverent

d. Christianity is reviving

According to the article, "Introduction to Postmodern Philosophy" at postmodernpreaching.org, critical realism claims:
Choose one answer.
a. we live our lives as if there is objective reality, but we acknowledge that can never understand reality perfectly. Nevertheless, we might understand it to a reasonable degree.
b. we live our lives as if there is objective reality, but we acknowledge that we can no nothing of it. Nevertheless, we continue to try.
c. we live our lives as if there is no objective reality, but to function in the world, we must believe in something, even if it isn't real.
d. we live our lives in utter chaos, striving to find what is real in the midst of all the criticism. Nevertheless, we still cling to that which we think is real.
e. we live our lives in a constant state of criticism, trying to determine if it's possible to know anything at all.

a. we live our lives as if there is objective reality, but we acknowledge that can never understand reality perfectly. Nevertheless, we might understand it to a reasonable degree.

According to John Piper, one reason Jesus came to die is:
Choose one answer.
a. to show that God isn't wrathful
b. to deny the wrath of God
c. to absorb the wrath of God
d. to show that he is even more wrathful than God
e. to show that he is less wrathful than God

c. to absorb the wrath of God

What principle goes with the Christian in sports?

working together to achieve a goal

What principle goes with the Christian in the arts?

Creativity is part of the Imago Dei

What principle goes with the Christian in the business world?

call to productivity

What principle goes with the Christian in the Academy/Education?

Christian metanarrative provides categories for understanding life

What principle goes with the Christian in politics?

Government is a God-ordained institution

The Gospel accounts in the Bible were written beginning about 30 years after the death of Jesus. According to Craig Blomberg, how do we know that the stories weren't distorted during those three decades?
Choose one answer.
a. the events were recorded by the Romans, who were ardent librarians.
b. first-century Judaism was an oral culture, steeped in the educational practice of memorization.
c. first-century Judaism was a written culture. Information was catalogued and kept, much like today.
d. the events were miraculously preserved in the minds of the apostles. God did not allow them to forget.
e. first-century Judaism was a digital culture. They simply recorded the events on iPhones (RIP, Steve Jobs).

b. first-century Judaism was an oral culture, steeped in the educational practice of memorization

According to John MacArthur, the postmodern notion of tolerance means we must:
Choose one answer.
a. always be skeptical toward the opinions of others.
b. never fully accept anything as totally true.
c. never regard anyone else's opinions as wrong.
d. never follow any religious traditions, because all religions are intolerant.
e. never accept the opinions of others as right, because everyone is biased.

c. never regard anyone else's opinions as wrong.

According to Mike Licona, when someone claims that belief in Jesus as the only way is intolerant and offensive:
Choose one answer.
a. they are absolutely correct--truth is always offensive to some.
b. they are incorrect--the gospel is offensive, but not intolerant
c. they ignore the fact that their pluralist approach is likewise intolerant and offensive.
d. they are incorrect--the gospel is intolerant, but not offensive
e. they embrace a more tolerant view, but one that is still slightly offensive.

c. they ignore the fact that their pluralist approach is likewise intolerant and offensive.

According to Joe Trull's book, what is the main authority for Christian ethics?
Choose one answer.
a. whatever church tradition and pastors teach
b. laws of nature and reason
c. the question: what would Jesus do?
d. the Bible
e. the principle of love, because God is love

d. the Bible

According to Joe Trull's book, prescriptive ethics:
Choose one answer.
a. refers to the thought process that occurs before a moral decision is made.
b. has to do with biomedical procedures and the administration of proper medicines.
c. concerns one person telling another what to do
d. aims only to depict what is the moral indicative
e. focuses on what ought to be done, the ethical ideals that define moral obligations

e. focuses on what ought to be done, the ethical ideals that define moral obligations

According to Trull, Christian ethics deals with:
Choose one answer.
a. "oughtness." What ought a Christian to be (character) and do (conduct)?
b. "likeness." How can Christians become more like Christ and more like each other?
c. "togetherness." How do we relate to one another in community?
d. 'rightness." How is correct behavior defined, and how do we know?
e. "oneness." How can the Christian community think (doctrine) and live (ethics) in unity?

a. "oughtness." What ought a Christian to be (character) and do (conduct)?

True or false: Trull claims that, in addition to the Bible, Christians need supplemental sources of authority such as the Holy Spirit, Christian tradition, reason, experience, and the social sciences.

true

The "180" movie compares abortion mostly to what event in history?
Choose one answer.
a. Slavery in the United States
b. The 2004 Pacific Rim tsunami
c. Nazi extermination of Jews
d. Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge
e. Modern human sex trafficing

c. Nazi extermination of Jews

true or false: According to the in-class lecture, in moral gray areas you are free to do as you please.

false

According to Trull, the Social Gospel Movement stemmed from liberalism. The major thrust of the social gospel was to
Choose one answer.
a. oppose the civil rights movement in the American South
b. demolish the communistic tendencies of governmental socialism
c. solve the social problems growing out of the Revolutionary War
d. solve the social problems growing out of the Industrial Revolution

d. solve the social problems growing out of the Industrial Revolution

In Trull, the "feminization of poverty" refers to:
Choose one answer.
a. three-fourths of the very poorest people in the world are women and their dependent children.
b. poverty has a distinctly feminine character. Women don't mind being poor. Men hate it.
c. women are the main cause of poverty in the world, because so few of them work
d. three-fourths of the poorest people in the world are men, because of the rise of feminism

a. three-fourths of the very poorest people in the world are women and their dependent children

According to the in-class lecture, Christian ethics has a relational shape. Identify the two dynamics of that shape. CHOOSE TWO.
Choose at least one answer.
a. Vertical--relationship with God
b. Horizontal--relationship with people
c. Quadrilateral--relationships to corner off sin
d. Parallel--all relationships are equal and move together
e. Perpendicular--one relationship exists at the end of another
f. Diagonal--relationships must cut across all of life

a. Vertical--relationship with God
b. Horizontal--relationship with people

According to the in-class lecture, human marriage is:
Choose one answer.
a. permanent and extends into eternity
b. undefined--no one really knows
c. undecided--each must choose concerning the nature of marriage
d. temporary--for this life only

d. temporary--for this life only

Which philosopher defined worldview as a set of beliefs held so closely by an individual that it is appropriate to speak of one living within or owning one's worldview.

Søren Kierkegaard

Which philosopher defined worldview as a complex of ideas and sentiments, comprising beliefs & convictions, emotional habits, and set of purposes.

Wilhelm Dilthey

Which philosopher defined worldview as an understanding of the meaning of the world and one's place in it.

Immanuel Kant

Which philosopher defined worldview as humanity's longing to come to terms with the deepest questions of existence of the nature of the universe.

Francis Schelling

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