Islamic Law. Sources: Qur'an and Hadiths. Entire body of laws that guides believers in this life. No gambling. No intoxicants. No usury.
Educated person. like PhD in religious school. Specializes in specific area of sharia law. i.e judge or important civic or religious leader. Qualified for various roles in Muslim society.
Like ulama but in more economic challenged areas. Not as much training but the most trained they have available to them. Some training. Considered local experts. Muslim law interpretator
One of the first intellectual movements, 8th century school. Rationalism. Tried to answer several perplexing questions like the ultimate origin of nature.
Small paintings of parsonages and activities commissioned by Persian court. topics were usually secular.
Recollections. Narrative of sayings or rituals of Muhammad. Remembrances of Muhammad's words or actions. How he lived his life.
Not full kosher, but no pork. Animals/meat prepared a certain way. No wine, no alcohol.
Arranged because of local custom. Not Sharia law. Husband's age 1/2+7 years for age of wife. Can be dissolved by husband or wife.
Husband divorce. Says "talaq" three times. Must live together with no sex for three cycles. Gives back dowry. Can only be divorced three times. After that, must remarry to someone else before remarrying original spouse again.