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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. phenobarbital
  2. halothane
  3. buspirone
  4. sevoflurane
  5. dobutamine
  1. a long acting oxybarbiturate controlled drug oral seizure med depresses motor sensors in brain and raises seizure threshold can cause sedation at first, anxiety, agitation, PU/PD, polyphagia (munchies) hepatotoxicity risk so blood levels are monitored
  2. b Halothane and Flouthane RED liquid inhalant anesthetic no longer available high vapor pressure(volatility) low solubility content some lipid solubility moderate MAC and rubber solubility preservative cause buildup in machine sensitizes heart to catecholamines and can cause arrhythmias like xylazine increases vagal tone = low RR possible hepatotoxicity risk since 25% goes to liver malignant hyperthermia risk in pigs mostly
  3. c an adrenergic agonist AKA sympathomimetic short term for heart failure
  4. d Buspar an azopirone not commonly used acts partially on serotonin for urine spraying, fear, anxiety may make animals more affectionate to people but more aggressive with same species housemates
  5. e YELLOW liquid lowest vapor pressure and blood:gas solubility highest MAC few cardiac effects and metabolized by lungs like iso

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. ultra short acting thobarbiturate controlled induces anesthesia IV very alkaline keep in vein! redistributed to fat so no sight hounds or underweight animals reconstituted so no floaties may cause apnea, excitement period, or low HR and SV
  2. BLUE tank gas rarely used alone decreases other inhalant anesthetics MAC and speeds induction
  3. Clomicalm (vet label for separation anxiety in dogs) behavior drug acts on serotonin TCA (tricyclic anti-depressant) for separation anxiety compulsive disorder fear aggression and urine marking may cause sedation at first, high HR dry mouth, urine retention, and constipation liver and kidney values monitored by blood tests
  4. a beta blocker AKA adrenergic antagonist AKA sympatholytic lower HR and BP
  5. a beta blocker AKA adrenergic antagonist AKA sympatholytic eye drops prevent glaucoma in contralateral eye by decreasing aqueous humor production

5 True/False questions

  1. fluoxetinePaxil SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) more serotonin specific than TCA's so fewer side effects for separation anxiety, aggression, compulsive disorder, phobias, and urine marking may cause anorexia or decreased appetite, lethargy at first, urine and stool retention, liver and kidney value blood testing needed


  2. fentanylDuragesic opioid agonist transdermal patch or injectable controlled for analgesia


  3. pentobarbitalTalwin partial agonist used in horses for analgesia controlled


  4. naloxoneRompun or Anased an adrenergic alpha 2 agonist AKA sympathomimetic sedative for horses in colic pain, floating teeth, hoof trims can cause low RR, HR, BP, and AV block (most arhythmogenic) for sedation, analgesia, emesis, chemical restraint, and short term anesthesia when combod w/ ketamine for sutures and castration cattle only need 1/10 dose


  5. methoxyfluraneMetofane liquid inhalant anesthetic no longer available used in non-precision vaporizer (bottle w/a wick) high blood:gas solubility = long induction/recovery time high lipid solubility = retained in fat metabolized by liver and kidneys kidney toxicity risk preservative makes machine valves sticky


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