Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Functional Anatomy of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing characteristic of prokaryotic cell?

They lack a plasma membrane

Which of the following statements about a gram-positive cell wall is false?

It protects the cell in a hypertonic environment

Which of the following statements best describes what happens when a bacterial cell is placed in a solution containing 5% NaCL?

Water will move out of the cell

The best definition of osmotic pressure is

The force with which a solvent moves across a semipermeable membrane from a higher to a lower concentration

By which of the following mechanisms can a cell transport a substance from a lower to a higher concentration?

Active transport

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the plasma membrane?

Maintains cell shape

Which of the following have a cell wall?

Fungi

Which of the following statements is true?
A. Endospores are for reproduction?
B. Endospores allow a cell to survive environmental changes
C. Endospores are easily stained in a Gram stain
D. A cell produces one endospore and keeps growing
E. A cell can produce many endospores

Endospores allow a cell to survive environmental changes

Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
A. Endoplasmic reticulum/internal transport
B. Gogli complex/secretion
C. Mitochondria/ATP production
D. Centrosome/food storage
E. Lysosome/digestive enzymes

Centrosome/food storage

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 is a tetrad?

OO
OO

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 posseses an axial filament?

~~~~~~~~~~

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 is streptococci?

OOOOOOOOOO

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 is a bacillus?

(____)

Which of the following statements about prokaryotic cells is generally false?

They possess 80S ribosomes

Which of the following statements about gram-negative cells walls is false?

They are sensitive to penicillin

Which of the following structures is NOT found in prokaryotic cells?

Cilium

Which of the following statements about the glycocalyx is false?

It protects from osmotic lysis

Which of the following is NOT a chemical component of a bacterial cell wall?

Cellulose

Which of the following is NOT part of the active transport process

Cell wall

Which of the following terms best describes the cell in Figure 4.2?

Lophotrichous

In bacteria, photosynthetic pigments are found in

Chromatophores

The difference between simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion is that facilitated diffusion

Requires transporter proteins

Which of the following is NOT a possible function of magnetosomes?

Get cells to the North Pole

You have isolated a motile, gram-positive cell with no visible nucleus. You can safely assume that the cell

Has a cell wall

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is a gram-negative cell wall?

B (smaller) gram-negative

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is a toxic cell wall?

B (smaller) gram-negative

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall has a wall that protects against osmotic lysis?

Both

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is decolorized by acetone-alcohol

B (smaller) gram-negative

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is resistant to many antibiotics (e.g., penicillin)?

B (smaller) gram-negative

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall contains teichoic acids?

A (larger) gram-positive

In Figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall contains porins?

B (smaller) gram-negative

Where are phospholipids most likely found in a prokaryotic cell?

Plasma membrane

Where are phospholipids most likely found in a Eukaryotic cell?

Both
Around organelles
Plasma membrane

Figure 4.4 shows movement across a plasma membrane. Which figure best represents a specific transporter protein?

O with o through the center partially closed

Figure 4.4 shows movement across a plasma membrane. Which figure best represents simple diffusion?

Substance passes through membrane without the aid of a protein

Figure 4.4 shows movement across a plasma membrane. Which figure best represents an aquaporin?

Water channel only (no diffusion)

What will happen if a bacterial cell is placed in a distilled water with lysozyme?

The cell will undergo osmotic lysis

What will happen if a bacterial cell is placed in 10% NaCL with penicillin?

The cell will plasmolyze

Which one of the following pairs is mismatched?
A. Metachromatic granules/phosphate storage
B. Lipid inclusions/energy reserve
C. Ribosomes/protein storage
D. Sulfur granules/energy reserve
E. Gas vacuoles/flotation

Ribosomes/protein storage

Which of the following are NOT energy reserves?

Carboxysomes

Which of the following pairs is NOT a functionally analogous pair?

Cilia/pili

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set