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LESSON 1
1. Describe three ways to open Final Cut Pro.

Double-click the application in the Applications folder; click the icon in the Dock; or from Launchpad, or click the Final Cut Pro icon.

2. Which four modifier keys are often used in conjunction with
keyboard shortcuts to initiate functions or commands?

The Shift, Control, Option, and Command keys

3. How do you access a shortcut menu?

Control-click or right-click an item.

4. What is an Event?

An Event is similar to a folder that holds video clips, audio clips, and still images. Each Event in the Event Library refers to a folder on a connected disk that contains the original source media files, any related render files, and a database file that tracks where everything is. When you import or record into Final Cut Pro, the source media files are stored in Events.

5. How do you skim through a clip in the Event Browser?

In the Event Browser, move your pointer from one side of the clip thumbnail to the other. The skimmer travels as you move through the thumbnail, and the clip appears in the Viewer.

6. How do you set the Event Browser display so that a single thumbnail represents each clip?

Set the Duration Slider to All.

7. In addition to clicking the Play button, which keys on your keyboard can you press to play a clip or sequence forward?

The Spacebar and the L key.

8. Which keys move the playhead forward or backward in one- frame increments in the Viewer and Timeline?

The Left Arrow and Right Arrow keys.

9. What indicator in the Viewer window indicates that the playhead is on the first or last frame of an edited clip in the Timeline?

An L in the lower left means you're on the first frame of the edited clip, and a reverse L in the lower right means you're on the last frame.

10. In the Event Browser, how do you toggle a clip's audio waveforms on or off?

In the Event Browser, click the Clip Appearance button. In the Clip Appearance pop-up, deselect Show Waveforms.

11. What are the keyboard shortcuts to hide and quit Final Cut Pro?

Press Command-H to hide the application, and press Command-Q to quit the application.

LESSON TWO
1. How do you create a new Event?

If you don't see the Event Library, click the Event Library button at the bottom-left corner of the Event Browser. Choose File > New Event (or press Option-N).

2. How do you import media files into an Event?

Select an Event and click the Import Files button in the Event Browser, choose File > Import, use a keyboard shortcut, or Control-click the Event in the Event Library.

3. What happens if you select the Find People option when importing media?

The Find People option analyzes images and creates Keyword Collections based on the number of people present and the shot type. After analysis, any of the following keywords are added: One Person, Two Persons, Group, Close Up Shot, Medium Shot, and Wide Shot.

4. If you select the "Analyze for Balance Color" option when importing media, how do you view the color balance correction?

In the toolbar, click the Inspector button. Click the Video tab in the Inspector and select the box next to Balance to enable the color balance effect.

5. How would you automatically identify a clip that displays excessive shaking from a handheld camera?

Select the "Analyze for stabilization and rolling shutter" option when you import the clips. Final Cut Pro will perform a stabilization analysis and apply a keyword to any clip with excessive shaking.

6. What are the advantages to transcoding your media files?

Final Cut Pro's transcoding optimizes media for better editing and rendering performance and improved color quality. The transcode process copies your original media files using Apple's ProRes digital intermediate codecs while retaining the original media files.

7. How do you set importing options if you want to drag media files directly from the Finder or another application to an Event?

To import without using the Import command, you set the specific import options before you import. Choose Final Cut Pro > Preferences, or press Command-, (comma). At the top of the Preferences window, click the Import button and set your options.

8. How do you create a Keyword Collection when importing clips from a specific folder?

Make sure that the "Import folders as Keyword Collections" option is selected in the Import dialog to create a Keyword Collection for each media folder you import. This is the default option.

9. What are the four ways to access the Import From Camera window?

Click the Import From Camera button in the Event Browser, click the Import media from connected device button (appears as a camera with a plus sign) in the toolbar, choose File > Import From Camera, or press Command-I.

10. Why would you want to create a camera archive as a backup?

A camera archive frees your camera or capture media for reuse, preserves and protects your media for future use, and helps preserve the data structure used by your camera to make it easier to store and access your files.

LESSON THREE
1. In the Event Browser, what is indicated by a horizontal purple or blue line across the top of a clip?

A purple line indicates that a clip received a keyword during analysis; a blue line indicates that a keyword was applied to a clip.

2. Name three methods that allow you to add a keyword to one or more clips.

Select clips in the Event Browser, click the Keyword Editor button, or press Command-K. Then type your keyword, and press Return. If you created a keyword shortcut, you can select clips and press the shortcut. You can also drag clips from the Event Browser to an existing Keyword Collection in the Event Library.

3. How do you add a keyword to only the selected clip range?

Skim a clip in the Event Browser and press I to set a Selection Start and O to mark a Selection End. Then use one of the three available methods to add a keyword.

4. How do you delete a keyword from one or more clips?

In the Event Browser, select a range for one or more clips. Choose Mark > Remove All Keywords, or press Control-0.

5. Describe how to add a note to a clip in the Event Browser.

Select a clip, click in the Note column field in the Event Browser, enter your text, and press Return.

6. How do you view only those clips that were rated as Favorites?

In the Event Library, select the Events you want to search. Choose Favorites from the Filter pop-up menu at the top of the Event Browser.

7. How do you rate a clip?

In the Event Browser, select one or more clips. Click the Favorite button in the toolbar, or press the F key, or click the Reject button in the toolbar, or press the Delete key. In the Event Browser, a green line appears at the top of favorite frames and a red line appears at the top of rejected frames.

8. What is the difference between a Keyword Collection and a
Smart Collection?

A Keyword Collection gathers all clips to which you or Final Cut Pro assigned a specific keyword. A Smart Collection gathers all clips that match multiple search criteria. Unlike Keyword Collections, which are text based, Smart Collections can be based on camera metadata, such as frame rate or size. Clips can be assigned to multiple Keyword Collections and Smart Collections.

9. How do you create a Smart Collection?

Select an Event and use the Filter window to search for clips based on specified criteria. In the Filter window, click the New Smart Collection button. A new, untitled Smart Collection appears in the Event Library. Type a name for the Smart Collection, and press Return.

10. How do you search for a clip that isn't part of a Keyword Collection?

In the search field, enter the clip name. Only clips with matching text in their names or notes will appear in the list.

LESSON FOUR
1. What methods can you use to create a new project?

Click the New Project button (plus sign); Control-click a folder or drive, and from the shortcut menu, choose New Project; or select the target location, and choose File > New Project, or press Command-N.

2. What four different methods allow you to edit clips into your
project?

To create an edit, click an edit button in the toolbar; choose an editing command from the Edit menu, such as Append; press a keyboard shortcut; drag a clip from the Event
Browser, from a media browser such as the Photos Browser, or from the Finder.

3. What is an append edit?

An append edit adds one or more clips to the end of a project or storyline. insertion

4. How can you zoom in or out of an area of the Timeline?

Press Command-= (equal sign) to zoom in, and press Command-- (minus sign) to zoom out. You can also zoom in and out by dragging the Zoom control in the lower right of the Timeline.

5. How do you change the display size of the clips in the Timeline?

Click the Clip Appearance button in the lower-right corner of the Timeline. In the Clip Appearance window, drag the Clip Height slider to the left to decrease the clip height, or to the right to increase the clip height.

6. How can you view a list of all clips in the project in the Timeline?

In the lower-left corner of the Timeline, click the Timeline Index button, or press Command-Shift-2. The Timeline Index pane appears to the left of the Timeline and displays clips and tags (such as keywords) used in the current project in their order of appearance.

7. How can you quickly adjust a clip's volume in the Timeline?

Position your pointer over the volume line in the Timeline. When the pointer turns into a vertical resize pointer, drag down to lower the volume or drag up to raise it. To facilitate your adjustments, turn on audio waveforms in the Clip Appearance window. Audio that approaches peak levels appears yellow in the waveform; audio that exceeds peak levels appears red.

8. How can you mute specific audio tracks for a clip in the
Timeline?

Select the clip in the Timeline, click the Inspector button in the toolbar, and then click the Audio tab and deselect the appropriate tracks.

9. Why would you want to select the Duplicate Project and Referenced Events option when duplicating a project?

You would select this option when you want to copy the project and all of the source clips in the associated Events to another hard disk.

10. How can you toggle snapping on or off?

Click the Snapping button in the Timeline, press N, or choose View > Snapping.

11. When you drag clips to rearrange their positions in the Timeline, what visual indicator shows where the clip will be positioned when you release the mouse button?

A blue insertion line indicates where clips will be placed.

12. How would you connect music or B-roll to the primary storyline in your Timeline?

Position the playhead in the Timeline where you want to connect one or more clips. Select the clips in the Event Browser. In the toolbar, click the Connect button, or press Q. A blue insertion line in the Timeline indicates the connection point.

LESSON FIVE
1. How can you add a marker to the Timeline and name it?

Skim to where you want to create a marker and choose Mark > Markers > Add Marker or press M. Double-click a marker to rename it. In the Marker pop-up window, enter a name in the Text field, and click Done. Alternatively, press Option-M to create a marker and open the Marker window in one step.

2. How do you move to a specific marker in the Timeline?

In the lower-left corner of the Timeline window, click the Timeline index button. In the Timeline index, click Tags then click the Markers button. Click a marker in the list to move the playhead to that marker's location.

3. How do you disable the audio and/or video for a specific clip?

Control-click a clip and choose Disable from the shortcut menu or press V or select the clip and choose Clip > Disable.

4. How do you move a connection line for a clip that is connected to the primary storyline without moving the clip?

Skim to the desired location in the Timeline and Command- Option-click to move the connection line.

5. How do you create a to-do market in the Timeline?

Skim to the desired location in the Timeline, press Option-M. In the Marker window, enter a name, click Make To Do Item, and click Done. The to-do marker appears red on the clip.

6. How does an overwrite edit differ from a replace edit?

Drag a clip from the Event Browser to the clip that you want to replace. When the clip receives a white outline and a green circle with a plus sign appears, release the clip. From the shortcut menu, choose Replace. This new clip replaces the original clip and the project duration adjusts to accommodate the new clip's range or duration.

7. How do you create an audition in the Timeline?

An overwrite edit overwrites one or more clips in a storyline, starting at a range selection start point or at the playhead or skimmer position. Use an overwrite edit when you want to edit media for a specific span of time. No clips ripple, so the project duration remains the same. In contrast to overwrite edits, replacing only works on whole Timeline clips and can change the project duration.

8. How do you utilize the audition feature?

Drag a clip from the Event Browser to a clip in the Timeline that you want to include in the audition. When the clip highlights with a white outline and a green circle with a plus sign appears, release the clip. In the shortcut menu, choose Add to Audition. A small spotlight icon in the clip name area indicates that the clip is part of an audition. To add additional clips, simply repeat this process.

9. How do you create a new storyline that is connected to your primary storyline?

Click the Audition spotlight icon to open the Audition window. Press the Right or Left Arrow keys to switch to the next alternate clip, and skim through its thumbnail display. Continue to press the Left or Right Arrow keys to switch to alternate audition clips.

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10. Select the clips that you want to include in the new Storyline, Right-click the selection, and from the shortcut menu, choose Create Storyline, or press Command-G.

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