Chapter 26 Test

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45 terms

Poland

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Blitzkrieg

"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

Axis Powers

in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.

Munich Conference

1938-Meeting between British,French,and German leaders in which Germany was given control of the Sudetenland in exchange for German leader Hitler's promise to make no more claimes on European territory

Neville Chamberlain

British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)

Postdam Conference

This is the conference where Stalin, Truman, and Churchill came together to decide how Germany would be administered. Their goals were to establish order, settle peace treaty issues, and deal with the effects of WWII.

Truman

Elected Vice president in 1944; 33rd President, after FDR's death; led the U.S. through the end of World War II and beginning of the Cold War

Tehran Conference

First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war

Joseph Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

Winston Churchill

A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.

Teddy Roosevelt

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Yalta Conference

FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War

United Nations

International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.

Luftwaffe

German Air force during WWII

The Battle of Midway

Turning point the war in the Pacific against the Japanese, where the Allies sunk four Japanese carriers and 250 planes,

Einsatzgruppen

Referring to the mobile death squads estimated to have killed more than 1.5 million Jews. Vicitims were executed in mass shootings and buried in unmarked graves-usually in ditches they were forced to dig

Appeasement

policy of giving in to an aggressor's demands in order to keep the peace

Japan's labor shortages

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Blitz

a rapid and violent military attack with intensive aerial bombardment

Reinhard Heydrich

Security leader of the SS who was given the task of administering the Final Solution. Creator of the Einsatzgruppen.

The Holocaust

The Holocaust took place in Europe between 1993 and 1945. Six million Jews were systematically and brutally murdered by the Nazis and their collaberators. Miliions of non-Jews, including Roma and Sinti(Gypsies), Serbs, political dissidents, people with disabilities, homosexuals and Jehova's Witnesses, were also persecuted by the Nazis.

Mukden Incident

a "Chinese" attack on a Japanese railway near the city of Mukden (the real perpetrators are unknown); used by Japan as an excuse to seize Manchuria

Albert Speer

Hitler's chief architect who was made minister of armaments and munitions in 1942; he tripled the production rate in a year in spite of Allied air raids.

Vichy France

this portion of France was the portion that was not occupied with Germany but followed Germany's every command

Anti-Comintern Pact

agreement between Japan and Germany pledging to stop the spread of Russian communism

Henrich Himmler

one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany, architect of the holocaust, police president in Munlch, head of political police in Bavaria, commited suicide, Leader of SS in Nazi Germany

Cold War

The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.

Dunkirk

a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire

German response to the Magniot Line

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Cologne

a commercial center and river port in western Germany on the Rhine River, first German city to be attacked by 1000 bombers

The Battle of Stalingrad

During the spring of 1942, Hitler renewed assaults on the Soviet Union. He pulled people from Italy, Romania, and Hungary. They soon set their sites on the industrial city of Stalingrad, one of the largest cities in the Soviet union. Its factories produced a lot of the equipment for the Soviet armies so it was a prime target. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the most brutal of the war. After the bombing of the city, German troops moved into the ruins and wiped out the surviving Soviets. Because this city was named after Stalin, he would fight without worrying about the costs. The Soviets managed to regroup and push back the Nazis, eventually defeating them and striking a death-blow to the Germans.

Neutrality Acts of 1930

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Nazis

German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.

Nuremberg

Site of war crimes trials accusing Nazi leaders of "crimes against humanity;" trials showed that political and military leaders could be held accountable for actions in wartime

Executive Order 90066

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Self-determination

the freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live

The London Blitz

Germany bombs London to make them lose morale, had opposite effect. Bombings lasted 57 nights in a row.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

Hitler and Joseph Stalin agreed not to attack each other but divided Poland for an easy win, but Germany didn't keep true to their word and attacked Stalin later

Kamikaze

Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.

Final Solution

'The Final Solution for the Jewish Question' was the cover name for Hitler's plan to destroy all the Jews in Europe, It began in December 1941

D-Day

June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

The Bataan Death March

(also known as The Death March of Bataan) took place in the Philippines in 1942 and was later accounted as a Japanese war crime. It involved the forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison camps.

Allied Powers

Alliance of Britian, France, and Russia, and later, Italy, the United States, and others.

Make sure to know these land areas on the Pacific centered Map...

1. Five Theaters of War, 2. Hitler's Allies, 3. Countries in NW Europe, 4. Operation Barbosa, 5. Winston Churchill

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