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Nutrition

The process of using food and its substances to help your body have energy, grow, develop, and work properly.

Nutrients

The substances in food that your body needs to build new tissue, repair damaged cells, and produce energy.

What do nutrient needs depend on?

A person's age, gender, general health, and level of activity.

Calories

Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

Appetite

The physiological desire for food.

Hunger

Th physical need for food.

Nutrient Deficiency

Having a shortage of any nutrient.

What are some energy providing nutrients?

Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

Fiber

The parts of furits, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digest.

Carbohydrates

Provide energy for the body. Two types.

Simple Carbohydrates

Sugers that provide a short burst of energy.

Complex Carbohydrates

Starches that provide a long burst of energy.

Proteins

Build, repair, and maintain cells and tissues. Two types.

Complete Proteins

Foods that contain all nine of the essential amino acids repsonsible for building proteins.

Incomplete Proteins

Foods that lack some of the essential amino acids responsible for building proteins.

Fats

Promotes healthy skin and normal cell growth. Two types.

Saturated Fats

Fats that are solid at room temperature.

Unsaturated Fats

Fats that are liquid at room temperature.

Vitamins

Substances that help your body fight infections. Two types.

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins that dissolve in fat and can be stored in one's body fat until they are needed.

Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins that dissolve in water and cannot be stored so you need to consume them.

Minerals

Elements that help form healthy bones and teeth as well as regulate certain body processes.

What is the most important nutrient?

Water.

What percent of your body weight is water?

60 percent.

Body Image

The way you see yourself.

Overweight

More than the appropriate weight for gender, height, age, growth pattern, and body frame.

Underweight

Less than the appropriate weight for gender, height, age, growth pattern, and body frame.

Eating Disorders

Extreme and damaging eating behaviors that can lead to sickess and even death.

Binge Eating

Compulsive Overeating.

Anorexia

Self starvation leading to extreme weight loss.

Bulimia

Person eats a large amount of food and then tries to purge or vomit.

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