Medical Terminology and Body Systems - The Cell

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Chemicals

Make up the cell (oxygen, carbon, hydrogen)

Cell (Cyt/o)

The basic unit of life

Cellular Activity

Respiration - to breath
Metabolism - to eat
Reproduce - to live on

Cell Membrane

Part of the cell - outer covering

Nucleus

Part of the cell - controls the center

Cytoplasm

Part of the cell - provides protection

Protoplasm

Part of the cell - promotes fluid

Organelles

Part of the cell - lives in our DNA (tiny pieces of organs)

Mitochondria

Part of the cell - the powerhouse of the cell. Tells the cells where to go

Cell division

Reproduction of the cells

Mitosis

The different stages of a cell (IPMAT)

Interphase

Young, new cell

Prophase

Cell beginning to grow

Metaphase

Fully formed cell

Anaphase

Cells starting to split

Telephase

Process of splitting

Tissue (Hist/o)

A group of cells with a similar function

Epithelial tissue

Covers internal and external organs, moist, wet

Connective Tissue

Binds and supports, holds body together

Muscle Tissue

Heavy, thicker tissue, flexes and contracts

Nerve Tissue

Reacts to stimuli, touch

Membrane

Simplist form of tissue, very thin and porous, absorbs and secretes, mucus, pus, body fluid

Organs

Goups of tissue that performs, group of tissues that work together to perform closely realated functions

Systems

groups of organs working together to perform complex functions

Whole body

The complete human being

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