Medical Terminology Chapter 13

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57 terms · Respiratory system and pulmonology

alveoli

spherical structures surrounded by capillaries through which )2 and CO2 exchange occurs

pneumono

combining form for lungs

pneumonorrhagia

hemorrhage of a lung

pneumonia

an acute inflammation of the lungs caused by a variety of bacteria, fungi and viruses

pneumonocentesis

surgical puncture of a lung

ectasia, ectasis

suffixes used to mean dilation and expansion

atelectasis

lung collapse

melano

combining form for black

pneumonomelanosis

condition of black lungs

pneumonomycosis

fungal condition of the lungs

mycoid

resembling fungus

myc

word root for fungus

pneumo

combining form for lungs; also used to mean air

pneumoderma

a collection of air under the skin

pulmono

combining form for lung used only in a few words

pulmonary artery

blood flows from the heart to the lungs

pneo

combining form for breathing or breath

pnea

suffix for breathing

ortho

combining form for straight

orthopnea

difficulty breathing if laying straight in a horizontal position

ptyalo

combining form for saliva or sputum

sputum

combination of mucus and other fluids and substances that have entered the respiratory tracts

hematoptysis

condition of bloody sputum

ptyalorrhea

flow of saliva

naso

combining form for nasal cavity

nasoantritis

inflammation of the antrum and the nasal cavity

mento

combining form for chin

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of nose and pharynx

epistaxis

medical term for nosebleed or hemorrhage

pharyngo

combining form for pharynx

laryngo

combining form for larynx

laryngalgia

pain in the larynx

tracheo

combining form for trachea

tracheopyosis

condition of trachea with pus formation

endotracheal

within the trachea

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

bronchofiberoscopy

use of a flexible bronchoficerscope to examine the tracheobronchial tree

pleural

membrane around the lungs

visceropleural

pertaining to the membrane attached to the lung

pleurisy

another word for inflammation of the lung

phreno

combining form for diaphragm

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

diaphragmo

another combining form for diaphragm

phrenectomy, phrenicectomy

removal of a portion of the phrenic nerve

dextro

combining form for right

sinistro

combining form for left

sinistrocardia

displacement of the heart to the left

manual

hand

pedal

foot

sinistropedal

left footed

podo, pedi

combining forms for foot

iatrist

sufffix for medical professionals

chiro

combining forms for hand

chiroplasty

surgical repair of hand

pedia

combining form for child

geri

combining form for old age

gerontology

study of aging

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