World War I, the Twenties, and Economic Collapse (1912-1929)

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1912

Wilson elected president

1913

Underwood Tariff
Federal Reserve Act
16th Amendment (income tax) ratified
17th Amendment (direct senator election) ratified

1914

Clayton Antitrust Act
Panama Canal Opens
World War I begins

1915

Germans sink Lusitania

1916

Margaret Sanger organizes New York Birth Control League
Gen. Pershing pursues Poncho Villa in Mexico

1917

Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare
U.S. declares war on Germany
War Industrie Board established
Espionage Act passed
Russian Revolution
Committee on Public Information established

1918

Wilson proposes Fourteen Points
Armistice ends war
U.S. troops intervene in Russia

1919

Treaty of Versailles
Red Scare and Palmer raids
Senate rejects U.S. role in League of Nations
18th Amendment (Prohibition) ratified
Over 20 percent of U.S. labor force goes on strike
Schenck v. United States
Race Riots and lynchings throughout U.S.

1920

19th Amendment (women's suffrage) ratified
Sacco and Vanzetti arrested
Harding elected president
First commercial radio broadcast

1921

Washington Naval Conference
Emergency Quota Act restricts immigration

1923

Teapot Dome scandal
Marcus Garvey claims 6 million followers
Ku Klux Klan claims 5 million members

1924

National Origins Act sets 2 percent quotas for immigration

1925

Scopes Tennessee evolution trial
Model T Ford drops to cost of $290 (three months' wages)

1927

Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic
Sacco and Vanzetti executed

1928

Hoover elected president
Fifty-two nations sign Kellogg-Briand Pact renouncing war

1929

Stock Market crashes in October

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