5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Democratic Party
- Utopian communities
- Henry Clay
- Lucretia Mott
- Martin Van Buren
- a small, experimental communities sprang up beginning in the late 1820s, perhaps a response to a freedom that was not available in many other parts of the world and often a response to new religious and social ideals; reformers in these communities attempted to build perfect societies and present models for other communities to emulate--but most collapsed by the late 1840s.
- b party formed to support Andrew Jackson following the election of 1824; in the mid to late 1800s, this party championed states' rights and fought political domination by economic elites (opposing tariffs, federal funding for internal improvements, and other extensions of federal power); this party had its core support in the South until the 1930s during FDR's presidency, when it began to embrace a more aggressive and involved federal government. During the New Deal, Democrats began to lose the support of the white South—their traditional stronghold—and won support from farmers, urban workers, blacks, and women.
- c president and organizer of the Democrats; served as Secretary of State during Jackson's first term and as VP during his second. As Jackson's handpicked successor, he won the presidency in 1836, but b/c of the Panic of 1837, he lost his bid for reelection in 1840.
- d An outspoken proponent of women's rights, she organized the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 with Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
- e This Senator was most noteworthy as the author of several major compromises. He had a vast impact during the Era of Good Feelings and the Jackson Era, when he engineered the American System. He was Speaker of the House during Monroe's presidency and he later led the Whig Party until his death in 1852.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Andrew Jackson's supporters claimed that this had occurred when Jackson lost the election of 1824; in that year, Jackson won the most popular and electoral votes, but not the requisite majority and so the election was decided by the House of Representatives, where Speaker of the House Henry Clay backed John Quincy Adams for president, (ensuring Adams's victory), and Adams rewarded Clay by making him secretary of state. Following this scandal, Jackson's enraged supporters formed the Democratic Party.
- This prominent advocate of women's rights organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott.
- 1830 law that gave Jackson funds and authority to move Native Americans to assigned lands in the West; the law targeted primarily the Cherokee tribe in Georgia as part of Jackson's plan to claim Native American lands inside the boundaries of the states.
- waterway built by the government of NY (constructed 1817-1825), the first major civil engineering works project in US history; it stretched 363 miles, west to east from Albany to Buffalo, and its commercial success led many other states to fund similar projects
- 1840 law that established an institution to hold public funds (tax money) and prevent excessive lending by state banks, thus guarding against inflation; this bill was a response and solution to the Panic of 1837.
5 True/False Questions
Spoils system → policies to improve economic self-sufficiency that were crafted by Henry Clay and backed by the National Republicans (Whigs): 1) high protective tariffs, 2) a re-chartering of the Bank of the US (to stabilize & unify the nation's currency), 3) federally-funded transportation improvements, and 4) high land prices (to increase federal govt revenue).
Force Bill → This prominent public school reformer was appointed secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education in 1837. He reformed the school system by increasing state spending on schools, lengthening the school year, dividing students into grades, and introducing standardized textbooks, among other changes. He set the standard for public school reform throughout the nation.
Walt Whitman → a disciple of the transcendentalist Emerson, this writer is most famous for Leaves of Grass (1855), a poetry collection that celebrated America's diversity and democracy.
Daniel Webster → a leading statesmen in the first half of the nineteenth century; he started as a Federalist lawyer who won the Dartmouth College (1819) and McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) cases in the Supreme Court; he later became a powerful defender of northern interests, (supporting the 1828 tariff); his opposition to Jackson and to southern nullification made him a leader of the Whig Party.
Whigs → religion of the Latter-Day Saints, founded by Joseph Smith in 1831; Smith's followers moved steadily westward during the early 1830s to escape religious persecution, and after Smith's murder in 1844, the new leader Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah, where they are still centered today.