Integumentary System

74 terms by annahayden 

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Chp.12 of the "Intro To Med Term" book

medical term for sweat glands

sudoriferous glands

med term for oil glands

sebaceous glands

protective covering for all external and internal surfaces

epithelial

upper layer consistently sloughed off

squamous

produce melanin

melanocytes

another name for the dermis

corium

produce substances that respond to injury within connective tissue of dermis

mast cells

mast cells produce:

heparin(anti coagulant and histamine

med term for nail

unguis

pustule eruptions normally in teens

acne vulagris

lesion formed by buildup of keratin and sebum in hair follicle

comedo- becomes blackhead

closed sac or puch containing fluid or semisolid material

cyst

dandruff

seborrheic dermatitis; in newborns- cradle cap

profuse sweating

diaphoresis

heat rash, prickly heat caused by trapped sweat

miliaria

abnormal hairiness

hirsutism

well defined bald areas on scalp and face

alopecia areata

loss of all hair on scalp

alopecia capitis totalis

total loss of hair

alopecia universalis

curving of naisl caused by oxygen deficiencies

clubbing

spoon nail caused by iron defieciency

koilonychia

inflammation of matrix of nail

onychia

ingrown toenail

onychocryptosis

fungal infection of nail

onychomycosis

acute or chronic infection of the skin fold at the margin of the nail

paronychia

blood trapped under nail

subungual hematoma

brownish spots on face known as melasma or the mask of pregnancy

chloasma

deposits of black deposit on skin

melanosis

whitish areas on skin, lack of pigment

vitiligo

pathological change of skin due to disease or injury

lesion

collection of dried sebum and cellular debris

crust

bruise

ecchymosis

flat spot less than 1cm in diameter, freckles or flat moles

macule

moles

nevi, dysplastic nevi is cancerous

small,solid bump

nodule, a cyst is a nodule

small,solid,raised skin lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter

papules(warts, skin tags)

small pinpoint bruises

petechiae

solid raised lesion different from area around it > .5 cm

plaque

flaky or sry patch

scale

warts

verrucae

smooth, slightly elevated, swollen red area

wheal

localized collection of pus

abscess

elevation of skin containing fluid and is more than .5 cm

bulla

small circumsized elevation os skin containing pus

pustule

circumsized elevation of skin containing fluid < .5 cm

vesicle

bedsore

decubitus ulcer

skin lesion NOT associated with inflammation

dermatosis

skin inflammation with erythema, papules, vesicles, etc

eczema

redness of skin

erythema

red scaly rash of face and upper trunk

lupus erythematosus

itching

pruritus

scaly shiny rashes

psoriasis

spontaneous bruising

purpura

redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessles on face

rosacea

a disorder with abnormal skin thickening on hands,feet,and face

scleroderma

hives

urticaria

diffuse infection of conective tissue

cellulitis

boils, staph around hair follicles

furuncles

highly contagious skin infection with pustules that become crusted and rupture

impetigo

ringworm

tinea

fungual infection causing white areas on skin

dermatomycosis

infestation of itch mite

scabies

infestation with lice

pediculosis

callus is keratin layer of skin covering of joints in toes

clavus or corn

small knotlike swelling of granulation tissue

granuloma

overgrowth and thickening of skin

keratosis: callus, wart

epithelial tumor that projects from surrounding surface

papilloma

mushroom liek growth

polyp

bulbous nose

rhinophyma

lesion caused by excessive exposure to sun

actinic keratosis

lest harmful skin cancer in basal cell layer of epidermis

basal cell carcinoma

destruction of tissue by burning

cauterization

to remove and destroy basal cell tumors

curettage

destruction of warts and tumors through intense cold

cryosurgery

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