US History Final Exam Part II

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True or False: After the election of 1912, the Democrats controlled the presidency and both houses of Congress.

True

True or False: Wilson thought Germany's admission of war guilt was the most important part of the peace negotiations.

False

"Seward's Folly" involved...

the purchase of Alaska

True or False: Religion, Christianity or Judaism, was a source of energy for progressive reformers.

True

By the 1870s, middle-sized farmers...

advocated the free coinage of silver

In the case against the Northern Securities Company, Theodore Roosevelt sought to...

break up a major railroad company.

True or False: The Open Door policy described America's approach to Cuba after 1900.

False

True or False: The "mongrel tariff" of 1883 raised rates to uniformly high levels on all imports.

False

Opponents of the preparedness movement before World War I...

feared the creation of a large standing army.

In the Caribbean, the Wilson administration...

sent marines in to Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

True or False: The War Industries Board was the most important agency mobilizing the nation for war.

True

Passed in 1906, the Hepburn Act...

expanded the ICC's power over railroad rates.

True or False: More than 300,000 soldiers died at the Battle of Verdun in 1916.

True

During the Progressive era, the U.S. Supreme Court...

agreed to a ten-hour workday for men and women.

True or False: The Roosevelt Corollary applied the Monroe Doctrine to Hawaii.

False

True or False: In the 1890s, American tariff policies on sugar upset the economies of Hawaii and Cuba.

True

The Maine probably blew up as a result of...

an accident

True or False:Silver coinage in the late nineteenth century caused deflation.

False

Racial conflict among Americans during World War I resulted from...

the mass movement of southern blacks to northern cities.

True or False: The Zimmerman telegram revealed Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.

False

The Sherman Silver Purchase Act...

doubled the amount of silver the government purchased.

True or False: Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle to promote regulation of the meatpacking industry.

False

True or False: John Fiske used Darwinian ideas to justify Anglo-Saxon dominance.

True

The Seventeenth Amendment...

inaugurated popular election of senators.

The Spanish-American War occurred during the presidency of...

William McKinley

True or False: The Germans made overtures of peace in August 1919 on the basis of the Fourteen Points, a speech given by British prime minister David Lloyd George.

False

"Hamiltonian means to achieve Jeffersonian ends" summarizes the 1912 views of...

Theodore Roosevelt.

The progressives' emphasis on efficiency drew on the ideas of...

Frederick W. Taylor.

In the 1880s, an attempt to build a canal across Central America was made by the...

French.

The Teller Amendment...

denied the intention to take Cuba.

By the 1880s, the federal government operated at a surplus because of the...

revenues generated by the tariff.

Among the catalysts for progressivism were all of the following, except:

the Old Guard Republicans

True or False: Probably the decisive reason the United States entered World War I was the issue of submarine warfare.

True

Jane Addams, William James, and Andrew Carnegie all...

belonged to the Anti-Imperialist League.

True or False: The United States built the Panama Canal on land that had previously belonged to Colombia.

True

William Jennings Bryan resigned as secretary of state...

in the uproar after the sinking of the Lusitania.

In the election of 1888, the central issue was

the tariff.

As president, Cleveland did not...

try to add pensions for Confederate veterans.

True or False: American missionaries regarded America's expansion as divinely ordained to convert the heathens and Catholics to Protestant Christianity.

True

The following chronology is correct:

de Lôme letter, sinking of the Maine, Teller Amendment, battles around Santiago

True or False: Before he became president, Woodrow Wilson served as governor of New York.

False

True or False: The high tariff hurt farmers by limiting their export markets.

True

True or False: Abolition of the tariff was, according to many of its critics, one way to attack large corporations.

True

Albert J. Beveridge, Henry Cabot Lodge, and Theodore Roosevelt agreed on...

the benefits of obtaining overseas possessions.

During the Gilded Age...

Congress was evenly divided between the two major parties.

True or False: Theodore Roosevelt created Yellowstone National Park in 1907.

False

The basic problem that farmers faced in the late nineteenth century was...

the overproduction of agricultural products

President Wilson sent General Pershing into Mexico...

to chase Pancho Villa.

True or False: In 1918, the United States sent troops to fight the Bolsheviks in Russia.

True

True or False: More people worldwide died in the flu pandemic of 1918-19 than in World War I.

True

One of the muckrakers' major achievements was to...

stir up popular support for reform.

The wartime Espionage and Sedition Acts...

All of these

"Free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic," said...

Oliver Wendell Holmes.

True or False: The Women's Christian Temperance Union wanted to do more than close the saloons, and advocated for women's right to vote and the banishment of child labor.

True

Between 1866 and 1895, the only president assassinated was...

James A. Garfield.

True or False: The Sixteenth Amendment authorized an income tax.

True

All of the following are true of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, except:

It set up the Interstate Commerce commission.

True or False:The Populist party was an outgrowth of the Patrons of Husbandry.

False

True or False: Coxey's Army sought help for farmers suffering from deflation.

False

True or False: In the 1880s, the Pacific was the major area of U.S. overseas activity.

True

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