Two Primary Methods/ Missouri Plan
1. Partisan/Nonpartisan judical elections
2. Appointed by governer
Missouri Plan means that a judge can run for 6 years, and must be on ballot if he wished to continue or the Merit Retention Election. "Shall (judge) still be the judge of (name of court) or be retained?"
"3-tier" State Court System
Third Tier: Constitution establishes a county court in each of Florida's 67 counties.(county courts)
Second Tier:(district courts) hears cases on appeal from the circuit courts
First Tier: (supreme court) court of last resort, must hear all death penalty appeals, and to hear cases on appeal from the district courts.
JNC/JQC and members
JNC: fill judical courts in the state court system. 9 members( 4 from Florida Bar, 5 from governer and 2 must be lawyers)
JQC: remove judges who are deemed unfit. 15 members ( 2 county, 2 supreme, 2 district, 9 appointed by the governer.
Dilemma of scale/ 5 advantages
Federalism: seperation of central and state government.
1.Unity w/o Uniformity- states share national government, seperate rules.
2.Policy Innovation- labs of democracy
3.Effect laws-harmful or costly policy ideas go to smaller jurisdictions
4.Jurisdictional competition- battle for human resources
5.Increased government efficiency- local officals are more responsive to local concerns.
5 methods for proposing amendments
1. state attorney general
2. 15 members appointed by governer
3. 9 members by the speaker of the house of reps.
4. 9 members of by the president of the state
5. 3 appointed by chief justice